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RTÉ One (Irish: RTÉ a hAon) is Irelandmarker's oldest and most popular television channel, operated by Irish state broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireannmarker. RTÉ One is almost universally available on the VHF and UHF bands on the island of Ireland (though VHF has mostly been phased out), and is available on the Sky Digital satellite service in both the Republic of Irelandmarker and Northern Irelandmarker, as well as cable and MMDS, including the Virgin Media digital cable service in Northern Irelandmarker. The channel technically broadcasts 24 hours a day.The network's headquarters are in Donnybrook, Dublinmarker.

Budget

In 2008 RTÉ One received €58.44 from each license fee or 40.9% of the total €160 licence fee from the public. This is equal to €81,992,000 in total from the licence fee.

RTÉ One spent in total €147,999,000 on Indigenous programming, of that a total €93,454,000 was produced by RTÉ internally (In-house productions), and €54,545,000 was produced by independent producers of which 50% is a requirement under Irish law. RTÉ spends a total of €13 million on International productions and a further €378,000 on non-RTÉ Irish produced shows for RTÉ One. €106,496,000 was received by RTÉ in advertising revenue from RTÉ One. RTÉ One had a net surplus of €3,842,000 in 2008, however RTÉmarker broke even in 2008. Other costs included Network transmission and other broadcasting operation costs which amounted to €31,387,000 in 2008.

The table below outlines RTÉ One's total in-house and commissioned programming by genre in 2008:-

Genre Budget
Arts €1,081,000
Education €833,000
Religious €4,199,000
Other Factual €36,838,000
Total Factual €42,951,000
Drama €38,776,000
Entertainment €23,918,000
Music €2,215,000
News,Current Affairs and Weather €38,834,000
Sport €1,305,000
Total €147,999,000


Programming

RTÉ One broadcasts both Irish made programmes (consisting of News, Current Affairs, Lifestyle programming and Drama) together with imported and acquired programmes. The majority of Irish made programmes are developed for RTÉ ONE's prime-time schedule with daytime and late night TV made up of repeats and acquired programming. The channel's flagship programme is The Late Late Show, is broadcast on Fridays at 21:30 WET/IST. The channel carries most RTÉ News and Current Affairs programmes. During breaking news events, news specials may also be aired on the channel.

RTÉ One also airs certain television shows from America, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and UK although the majority of imports are broadcast on RTÉmarker's sister station RTÉ Two. Most of RTÉmarker's home produced drama and reality shows are broadcast on RTÉ One and the station is seen as the flagship of the RTÉ network.

In 2007 the top five watched programmes on RTÉ ONE, according to RTÉ's 2007 Annual Report are as follows: -
  1. The Late Late Toy Show 1,161,000
  2. Prime Time 941,000
  3. The Rose of Tralee 861,000
  4. Eurovision Song Contest 2007 780,000
  5. Killinaskully: The Last Round 772,000


News and current affairs

RTÉ News and Current Affairs provides all of RTÉ ONE's News and Current Affairs Programming.

RTÉ News and Current Affairs television programmes include:

News Programming


Current Affairs Programming


RTÉ News and Current Affairs coverage of all major political events such as General Elections, Budgets, Local and European Elections and Referendums. Since 2000 RTÉ has covered the US Presidential Elections live. It also covers major political stories from the Northern Irish Assembly, including elections.

Diversity

RTÉ Diversity commissions a monthly show for the Deaf audience. It goes out on Sunday mornings and was originally called Sign of the Times, it was renamed Hands On, and it is similar in format to the BBC's See Hear. In 2009 the reduce the number of Hands On programmes by 60%, from 20 to 7.

Cláracha Gaelige

In 1967 RTÉ produce a number of Irish programmes to help people learn the Irish Language, Buntús Cainte was presented by Máire O’Neill and Aileen Geoghegan. In the early 1990s they co-produce a similar show with BBC Northern Ireland called Now Your Talking it was based around the Ulster Dialect of Irish. In they early 2000s the produced a new series called Turas Teanga presented by newsreader Sharon Ní Bheoláin .

Education

In the early years of Teilifís Éireann most of the educational shows were aimed at children such as Dáithí Lacha. In more recent years they have produce literacy programmes for adults such as Read, Write, Now presented by Derek Mooney.

Multiculture

Within Drama RTÉ have tried to reflected the diverse range of cultures in Ireland. The Riordans and Glenroe featured several characters from the Irish Travelling Community. During Ireland's celtic tiger years Ireland saw an influx of immigrants from many diverse countries and backgrounds. RTÉ as a public service broadcaster is committeed to providing access to the national broadcaster to "the new Irish". Mono was RTÉ's for multicutural show which provide news stories from around the country about festivals catering for Ireland's new multicutural society. Mono ran from 2002 to 2005 and was produced by Kairos Communications for RTÉ and was presented by Shalini Sinha.

Regional

Nationwide is RTÉ's main regional programme. The show began airing in the early 1990s . In 1999 RTÉ tested opt out for Dublin, Cork and Galway on UHF signals, however Chorus (a dublin cable operator at the time) aired the Galway edition, while NTL (the other Dublin cable operator aired the Dublin) version . RTÉ do not provide local opt-out or regional news. However RTÉ Cork produces a number of other Irish shows. Capital D is the main show for Dublin, presented by Anne Cassin, it is broadcast Nationwide, it takes a look at issues in Dublin, while Ear to the Ground is farming magazine show. Both Nationwide and Capital D are produced by RTÉ News and Current Affairs while Ear to the Ground is produce by Independent Films for RTÉ. Pobal is also a regional show focusing of news items from around the country it is produced by Nuacht RTÉ and Nuacht TG4.

Drama

Teilifís Éireann in its infancy produce the cork based urban soap opera Southside. This was later replace by their long running urban soap Tolka Row which began broadcasting in 1967 and finished in 1968. In 1965 The Riordans began broadcasting, this would begin the Welsey Burrowes trilogy of Irish Agrisoaps (Agricultural based dramas), it was followed by Bracken in 1978 (and was aired on RTÉ 1) as Gabriel Byrne's character (Pat Barry) moved from Kilkennymarker to Wicklowmarker and in 1982 two of Bracken's main characters Dinny and Milie Byrne moved to Glenroe which ran until 2001.

RTÉ One had a major success with 1980's Strumpet City based on the novel by James Pluncket about the 1913 Dublin Lockout. It was successful sold around the world to various countries. Also in the 1980s the co-produced The Irish R.M. with the UK's Channel 4.

In 1989 RTÉ return to the big city for their long running TV soap Fair City. In 1993 the broadcast TG4 soap opera Ros Na Rún each night for a short run, for 15mins after the RTÉ News: Six One.

Other RTÉ One Drama's include: -











Entertainment

Chat Shows

RTÉ One is home to the world's longest running chat show, The Late Late Show. It began broadcasting in 1961 and was present for over 30 years by Gay Byrne. In September 1999 Pat Kenny took over the role and after 9 season as Late Late host he stepped down for other programmes. As when Gay Byrne stepped down many names were put forward for the job. In September 2009 Ryan Tubridy took over as host. Frank Hall, Marian Finucane and Gerry Ryan have all present the controversial show. Other chat shows include Kenny Live [1989 - 1999], Tubridy Tonight [2004 - 2009] and Saturday Night with Miriam [2005 - 2009].

Game Shows/Quiz Shows

In the 1980s RTÉ produced game shows like Play the Game and Gerry Ryan's Secrets and the Quiz show Where in the World?. Since 1989 RTÉ have produced a game show with the Irish National Lottery. Winning Streak was the first such show originally hosted by Mike Murphy, who had had previous success with his chat show The Live Mike and the Irish version of Candid Camera. He had also present Mike's Micro Quiz a family quiz show that included a "hi-tech" games machine. Winning Steak started of as a half hour show on Friday nights in the late 1980s and by the mid-1990 was an hour long Saturday night game show. In the mid-1990s Winning Streak was joined by other National Lottery game shows including Millionaire and Fame and Fortune hosted by Marty Whelan, Telly Bingo hosted by Liz Bonnin.

Music

RTÉ One has shown many Irish Traditional Music shows including The Pure Drop and Come West Along The Road. Number 1 was a pop music quiz show from the 1980s and they also aired Top of the Pops. During the 1980s they had several live music shows with famous Irish stars of the time including The Sandy Kelly Show.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s Marty Whelan hosted a popular talent search called GFI: Go For It. In the mid-1990s RTÉ co-produced a talent serie with BBC Northern Ireland called Let Me Entertain You hosted by Gerry Ryan, a 16 year old Samantha Mumba was one of the finalists.

In 2001 RTÉ One broadcast the successful Popstars format to find Ireland's next top pop band. The evenutal winners were the band members of Six , including on Nadine Coyle however due to her age at the time she had to be drop from the band, she went on to appear in Popstars: The Rivals on ITV1 and through that became a member of the girl band Girls Aloud. Due to the success in the Popstars format RTÉ set about looking for a new series for 2002, You're A Star was a similar show to American Idol and X-Factor running from 2002 to 2008, during which they select acts to go to the Eurovision song contest. In 2007 it was replaced by the All Ireland Talent Show.

RTÉ One has also several documentaries about Irish Country Music and the Showband era entitled A Little Bit Country/Showband, hosted and produced by Shay Healey. In 2009 they broadcast All Ireland Choir Competition 2009.

Factual

  • Who Do You Think You Are?


History

  • True Lives


  • Hidden Histories


Arts

  • Arts Lives


  • The View


Young People's Programmes

Since 1988 most of RTÉ Children's programming is provided on RTÉ TWO under the name of The Den. The Den started out on RTÉ ONE in 1986 as Dempsey's Den and remained on RTÉ ONE until RTÉ branded RTÉ TWO as Network 2.

On Saturday Nights RTÉ ONE show a children's film at 6:30pm. They call this segment The Big Big Movie. Goodfellas Pizza sponsor The Big Big Movie.

Daytime

In the Early 1980s RTÉ began testing daytime television for audiences on RTÉ One. This was a major commitment since RTÉ Two was failing to gain audience that it required. Their first Daytime show was hosted by Thelma Mansfield - one of their regular continuity announcers - Good Afternoon was a mix of live interviews, music, children's television and soap operas. In 1987 RTÉ decided that the show need to spilt between an daytime chat show and a children's show. Live@3 began in september 1987, followed by a new children's series Dempsey's Den.

Live@3 was presented by Derek Davis and Thelma Mansfeild from 1986 to 1997. It included a mix of topics from Health to DIY, Gardening to Fashion and Knitting to Cookery. It was a major departure for the daytime schedule and in an interview with TV Now Derek Davis described how many local ITV network bosses were travelling over to Ireland to visit this mix genre daytime TV chat show. In 1997 with the departure of Derek Davis, Live @ 3 was merged with another TV series called 12 to 1. 12 to 1 was similar in style to Live@3 only it concentrated on Light chat with hosts Marty Whelan and Ciana Campbell. Ciana Campbell had prior to this tested out a live afternoon phone in show, similar in format to RTÉ Radio's successfully Liveline, this eventually lead to 12 to 1.

Marty Whelan, Ciana Campbell and Thelma Mansfeild all remain on daytime TV with the new series PM Live, PM Live took in Emmerdale which had originally been shown on Good Afternoon in the early 1980s. PM Live had a number of prime time spin offs included a jobs show. In 1999 Thelma Mansfield retired from RTÉ to concentrate on her art career, she is now a successful artist in her own right.

In 1999 PM Live was replaced by Open House. Open House was the first time that RTÉ had an independent producer produce their daytime TV service. Tyrone Productions produced the show in the RTÉ studios and it was hosted by Mary Kennedy and Marty Whelan from 1999 to 2003. It was again similar in format to RTÉ's Live@3 with DIT, Fashion, Music intermix with more heavy subjects and interviews.

In 2003 RTÉ revamped their Daytime schedule and axed Open House and replaced it with two new shows, The Afternoon Show and The Big Bite. The Big Bite was an unusual departure for RTÉ's daytime schedule and it was heavier than previous shows that had air, it was hosted by economist David McWilliams who had his TV3 show Agenda axed, the show had highlights on Thursday nights, however the show was short lived and was axed after one series, David McWilliams would go on to present a morning show on News talk . The Big Bite was replaced with Seoige and O'Shea, which was also produced by Tyrone Productions. Joe O'Shea and Grainne Seoige presented the show together for 2 seasons until Joe O'Shea left in 2007, he was replaced by Grainne's sister Síle Seoige and the show was rename Seoige. Seoige lasted one season and was replaced by an extended version of The Afternoon Show produced by Green Inc Productions for RTÉ.

Lifestyle

Most of RTÉ's Lifestyle programming is air Monday to Friday between 7pm and 9pm, and repeated on Saturday and Sunday Mornings. Their current set of lifestyle programmes include About the House, Showhouse, Heat and Rachel Allen: Bakes.

On-air identity

Throughout the years, RTÉ One has gone through many changes to its on-air identity, mostly in tune with the changing of the statutory logo of the cooperation that operates it, as in the early years. The average life of an RTÉ One ident is around three years, with modifications and changes along the way.

1961 to 1978

Original Teilifís Éireann logo


Original Raidió Teilifís Éireann logo


Early idents prominently featured the original name of Telefís Éireann, and the St. Brigid's Cross which would become the symbol of the channel for years to come. In 1966, the radio and television stations adopted the common brand Radio Telifís Éireann in line with the renamed broadcasting authority , and the ident used the initialism RTE, with no síneadh fada diacritic over the E of Éireann. The 1995 logo was the first to read RTÉ rather than RTE.

1978 to 1988

As colour television was introduced. The station became RTE 1 in 1978, when RTE 2 was launched. A new ident in 1980 featured the characters "RTE1" wrapped within a stylized St. Brigid's Cross. This design, along with a variant with slight colour changes, were used until 1987, when another ident was formed. The ident featured the St. Brigid's Cross, which was blended into the "T" in "RTE". The "T" also resembled the digit 1 of the channel's number.

The first time the channel left out the St. Brigid's Cross from its idents was in 1989, when an ident that featured the letters "RTE" revolving around the number 1, against an emerald green background, was released. This was to last until 1993, with minor revisions.

1993 to 1998

1993 saw the return of the St. Brigid's cross to the RTÉ One Idents. It was seen floating across a stone background that resembled cave walls. This ident lasted until 1995, when a new ident that featured the new corporate logo was released. The logo also saw the return of the fada on RTÉ's "E" in a stylistic manner. The ident started with a misty background, with the new RTÉ logo peering through, eventually fading into the station's name. At the beginning, the St. Brigid's Cross was left out, but it was restored to the screens after viewers complained.

1998 to 2000

1998 saw the end of single ident templates for RTÉ One. In a rebranding, three idents were released, and all revolved around nature. The St. Brigid's Cross continued to grace the screen, but now has to share its airtime with other idents. During this time, a special ident for overnight programmes and the celebration of the milliennium were created. The original three idents were gradually phased out in late 2000, but was featured in other new idents thereafter.

2000 to 2003

In September 2000, a new set of idents were gradually introduced to RTÉ One, with all the old idents from 1998 phased out by December of that year. The new idents featured Irish places and people, and all were set to a common set of background music. One of the original three idents were featured in seven of the new idents, subtly playing in the background.

A promotions video, featuring snippets of the idents, was shown as a part of the campaign.

2003 to 2006

In September 1, 2003, RTÉ One launched a new set of idents, with a new style for its "RTÉ One" branding. The ident showed Ireland's old face first, and then flashed into images of Ireland today. New ident sets were introduced in 2004, and deviated from the "Ireland Old And New" theme. Subsequent edits on the original idents also took away the "old" element from the idents.

As was before, a promotions video was aired before the launch of the new idents.

2006 to Present

At 6:00am on November 3, 2006, RTÉ One unveiled its latest set of new idents, designed by Red Bee Media.

History

The station began life as Telefís Éireann in 1961. It was renamed RTÉ Television in 1966, upon the renaming of the Radio Éireann Authority to RTÉ, and became RTE1 upon the launch of RTÉ2 in 1978. Originally the station broadcast in black and white using the 405-line television system, but began 625-line PAL colour transmissions in 1961. The first Outside Broadcast made in colour for RTE Television was when Ireland hosted the Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin in 1971. The UK national broadcaster BBC provided RTÉ with an OB Unit which could broadcast in colour for the event. In 1972, the first studios in RTE's Donnybrook headquarters were equipped for colour, and this was followed by the news studios in 1974, drama studios in 1975 and finally Studio 1 (the largest Studio, hosting shows such as The Late Late Show) in 1976.

RTÉ One was also the sole Irish TV channel until 1978, when RTÉ2 (also known for many years as Network 2) was created. Since 1998 RTÉ One also competes with TV3. RTÉ One today not only competes with the other Irish TV channels, but also with the UK TV networks and other satellite and cable channels that are widely available across Ireland through cable, MMDS and satellite subscription services.

Unlike many other national broadcasters, RTÉ One was late to begin broadcasting in the mornings, and 24 hour transmission only began in the early 1990s. From 1961, RTÉ Television would only broadcast from 5:35 pm until around 11:30 pm during the Winter months.

In 1975 this changed slightly with transmission starting at around 3:30pm and concluding around midnight. In 1988 RTÉ One launched a schedule with a new news bulletin at 1:00pm. To this day RTÉ One still does not offer a "breakfast television" programme, content to let commercially run TV3 to broadcast Ireland AM since 1999. RTÉ One instead shows repeats of different home produced shows such as The Afternoon Show, and imports such as Are You Being Served?, Allo allo, Neighbours, Dallas etc. Euronews provides RTÉ One viewers with early morning news coverage, with RTÉ One's first news bulletin of the day airing at around 10:00am. However during the Olympics and special breaking news or election coverage, RTÉ One would provide a special bulletin in the morning.

RTÉ One Main Analogue Transmitters

Main article: RTÉ Network Limited


UHF VHF Location
- D Mullaghanish
- E Maghera
- E Kippure
- F Mount Leinster
- I Truskmore
23 - Holywell Hill
29 - Three Rock Mountainmarker
40 - Cairn Hillmarker
52 - Clermont Carn
53 - Spur Hill


Source: [31926] (Accessed 18 October 2006)


Typical RTÉ One evening schedule 2009/2010

The following schedule was announced by RTÉ in August 2009, it is here purely to provide an idea of the type of schedule that RTÉ One provides during the year. Please note that after 9pm many shows may run over a half hour or hour hence some can start at five past the hour, ten past the hour, quarter past the hour and so on, for the purposes of this outline this timing is ignored.

Movies are in red; dramas are in green; reality shows are in yellow; game shows are in orange; news programming is in brown; Chat shows are in purple; Feature programming is in light green; Documentaries are in grey.

18:01 18:30 19:00 19:30 20:00 20:30 21:00 21:30 22:00 22:30 23:00 23:30
Monday RTÉ News: Six One Nationwide CSÍ (CSI Fada) EastEnders as BBC One Rescue RTÉ News: Nine O'Clock Who Do You Think You Are? The Frontline One to One
Tuesday Living Lightly EastEnders as BBC One Fair City About the House Prime Time Arts Lives/ True Lives The View
Wednesday Nationwide Fair City Off the Rails Corrigan's City Farm The Midweek Movie Oireachtas Report
Thursday Capital D EastEnders as BBC One Fair City Rachel Allen's Home Cooking Prime Time Ryan Confidential Oireachtas Report
Friday Nationwide Come West Along the Road EastEnders as BBC One Trish's French Country Kitchen The Late Late Show Movie
Saturday RTÉ News: Six One The Big Big Movie Winning Streak Movie Ryan Confidential
Sunday The All Ireland Talent Show No Frontiers Fair City The All Ireland Talent Show:Results The Clinic Does God Hate.... The Week in Politics Movie


  • During August, Christmas and on most Bank Holidays RTE News: SIX ONE will only broadcast from 18:01 to 18:30 on Weekdays, the rest of the year it is Broadcast for a full hour.
  • The Angelus is broadcast at 18:00 each night


RTÉ One +1

RTÉ One +1 is a forthcoming one hour timeshift channel of RTÉ One.It is referred to as RTÉ One Deferred in the Easy TV commercial DTT multiplex application and it will be shared with Oireachtas TV.

Source

  • ”Irish Viewers to get a '6' Sense Soon.” (9 February 2006). The Irish Independent Business p10


References

  1. http://www.rte.ie/about/pressreleases/2009/0109/television09012009.html
  2. http://www.rte.ie/about/pdfs/annual_report_2008_eng.pdf
  3. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/rte-cuts-funding-for-deaf-services--by-60pc-1850957.html
  4. http://www.rte.ie/tv/turasteanga/presenter.html
  5. http://www.readwritenow.ie/home.cfm
  6. http://www.kairoscomms.ie/production.html
  7. http://indigo.ie/~alanf/cv.html
  8. http://iolfree.ie/~icdg/local_rte.htm
  9. http://www.thelmamansfield.ie/images/press/VIP2_nov09.jpg
  10. http://tvlistings.thetvroomplus.com/listing-3735.html
  11. http://tvlistings.thetvroomplus.com/listing-659.html
  12. http://www.thelmamansfield.ie/images/press/VIP_nov09.jpg
  13. http://www.davidmcwilliams.ie/about
  14. No. 7/1966: BROADCASTING AUTHORITY (AMENDMENT) ACT, 1966
  15. http://www.bci.ie/DTT/easy_tv/easy_app.pdf


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