The Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española,
(Spanish Radio and Television Corporation) or
Corporación Radiotelevisión Española
) is the state-owned public corporation that
assumed the indirect
of the Spanish public radio and television service
from Ente Público Radiotelevisión Española
Body) in 2007. RTVE is the largest audiovisual group in
Spain broadcasting in the Spanish language.
It is financed by
both public subsidies and advertising.
history of RTVE begins in 1937 with the first
broadcasts by Radio
Nacional de España (RNE -- Spanish National Radio) from
the city of Salamanca.
In these early years, RNE served as a
tool for the Nationalist
forces during the Spanish Civil
; it would later be used by Francisco Franco
to inform the Spanish
Television was officially introduced in Spain in October 1956, and
in October 1973 the two broadcasting networks, RNE and Televisión Española
(TVE -- Spanish Television) were consolidated into the Servicio
Público Centralizado RadioTelevisión Española
Centralised Public Service).
Further consolidations followed in 1977, at which time RTVE became
an autonomous organization. In 1980, RTVE was configured, by
statute, as a legal public entity with its own jurisdiction.
According to RTVE's annual report (2003): "This law arose from the
and the political pluralism which the constitution asserts as a
fundamental value of the rule of law; and in this spirit granted
RTVE the right to function as a democratic organization."
Creation of Corporación RTVE
RTVE throughout its history has undergone numerous restructurings
and reorganizations, and has
assumed numerous identities
accordance with the Ley de la Radio y la Televisión
; Law of State Radio and
Television) of 5 June 2006, and in the face of an enormous deficit,
the RTVE Public Body and the companies TVE, S.A. and RNE, S.A were
dissolved, and on 1 January 2007 the RTVE Corporation came into
This change in the law put Corporación RTVE
in control of
Spain's public radio and television service. Corporación
is described as a sociedad mercantil estatal
(state mercantile society) with special autonomy and independence
from the government and the general state administration, and it
performs its functions through TVE
. A Consejo de Administración
(Administrative Council), consisting of 12 members elected by
Parliament, exists to administer and govern the organization,
carrying out its executive functions through the corporation's
President. The current Consejo
and the President (the
journalist Luis Fernández Fernández
were elected on 19 December 2006.
As part of the 2007 restructuring, a controversial plan was put
into action to reduce the workforce by 4,855 through attrition and
, in spite
of the fact that RTVE is the European public broadcasting service
with the smallest workforce.
In the exercise of its public
function, among the obligations of the RTVE Corporation
- Promote dissemination and awareness of constitutional
principles and civic values.
- Guarantee the objectivity and truthfulness of the information
provided, while ensuring that a broad range of views is
- Facilitate democratic debate and the free expression of
- Promote the territorial cohesion and linguistic and cultural
diversity of Spain.
- Offer access to different genres of programming and to the
institutional, social, cultural, and sporting events that are of
interest to all sectors of the audience, paying attention to those
topics that are of special interest to the public.
- To serve the widest audience, ensuring maximum continuity and
geographical and social coverage, with a commitment to quality,
diversity, innovation, and high ethical standards.
Legal status and structure
The legal status of the Corporation is that of a wholly state-owned
public limited company
although RTVE is independent of direct control by the government
and the central state administration.
RTVE exercises its functions through two subsidiary companies:
RTVE is also responsible for the Instituto Oficial
de Radio y Televisión
(IORTV, Official Institute of Radio
and TV) and the Orquesta Sinfónica y Coro
(RTVE Symphony Orchestra and Choir). RTVE (as RNE) was
admitted to full active membership of the European
Broadcasting Union in 1955.
The corporation has contributed to
the production of more than 300 films, many of which have received
awards at international film
around the world.
List of Director Generals and Presidents
Director Generals of Radiodifusión y Televisión
Director General of Organismo Autónomo RTVE
Director Generals of Ente Público RTVE
President of Corporación RTVE
- Ley 4/1980, de 10 de enero, de Estatuto de la Radio
y la Televisión - Radio and Television Statute passed on 10
January 1980 (in Spanish)
- Ente Público RadioTelevisión Española (2004).
Informe Anual sobre el Cumplimiento de la Función de Servicio
Público del Grupo Radiotelevisión Española en 2003. Madrid:
Dirección Gerencia Internacional y Corporativa de RTVE Subdirección
de Estudios Corporativos de RTVE(last accessed on 15 April
2007; see page 14) (in Spanish)
- Ley 17/2006 de la radio y la televisión de
titularidad estatal – the law passed on 5 June 2006
granting Corporación RTVE direct management of the Spanish
public broadcasting and television services (in Spanish)
- El mayor grupo audiovisual (The Biggest
Audiovisual Group) – press release issued by RTVE on 1 January
2007 introducing the new corporation (in Spanish)
- Statement on RTVE website about the creation of
Corporación TVE (in Spanish)