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Raúl Chibás Rivas (April 25, 1916August 25, 2002) was a Cubanmarker politician and military officer who initially supported Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution but later defected to the United Statesmarker. Born in Santiago de Cubamarker, Chibás spent his childhood in Havanamarker and attended the University of Havanamarker. His older brother, Eduardo, founded and led the Orthodox Party (also known as the Cuban People's Party) in 1947. After Eduardo committed suicide in 1951, Raúl took over as party leader.

Chibás vehemently opposed the rule of Fulgencio Batista in the 1950s, and he supported the anti-Batista struggle of Fidel Castro. In July 1957, he signed the Sierra Manifesto, which proclaimed unity of the disparate anti-Batista groups. He served various positions for Castro's government after the revolution, including railroad commissioner and trial judge. He was a Major of the Cuban Army in 1960 when he decided to defect to the United States via a motor boat to Miamimarker. Chibás felt that Castro had betrayed the ideals of the revolution.

Chibás became an active anti-Castro activist in the United States. In 1960, he joined a group of former Castro aides in issuing a joint 3500-word manifesto calling for the overthrow of the Cuban leader. He found employment teaching Spanish at a school in New York Citymarker. After 20 years of living in America, Chibás moved to Caracas, Venezuelamarker to join two of his children. In 1991, having spent 10 years in Venezuela, he moved to Miami, where he spent the rest of his life.


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