( , Amazigh
) is one of the sixteen
regions of Morocco
. It is
situated in north-western Morocco. It covers an area of 9,580 km²,
and has a population of 2,366,494 (2004 census). The capital is
The region is made up into the following provinces and
Most of the population of this region has historically been
concentrated in coastal areas. The first recorded history is centered at
Chellah, an early Phoenician settlement at the
edge of Rabat along the southern bank of the Oued Bou Regreg.
Later the Romans
took control and enlarged Chellah, whose ruins are today a
interest. Chellah was a significant ancient port city town with
remains including the Decumanus
, a forum, a monumental fountain, a triumphal arch, and
In the seventeenth century the first regional governmental entity
was formed, unifying Rabat and Salé. This regime was the
headquarters of Barbary pirates
held sway over a turbulent time.
- African Cities - Driving the NEPAD
Initiative, UN-HABITAT ISBN 9211319218
- C. Michael Hogan, Chellah, The Megalithic Portal, ed.
A. Burnham, 2007
- The Middle East and North Africa: Essays in Honor of J.C.
Hurewitz, J. C. Hurewitz, Reeva S. Simon, 1990, Columbia University Press, 545
pages ISBN 0231071485