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Railways of Jamaica: Kingston to Montego Bay: Map

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The Kingston to Montego Bay line was Jamaica's main railway. It linked the capital Kingstonmarker with the second city Montego Baymarker, passing enroute most of the major towns.

Construction, operation and closure

The first 14.5 miles (23.3 km) of standard gauge track were laid from Kingston to Angels (just North of Spanish Townmarker) in 1845 at a cost of £222,250, or £15,377 per mile against a budgeted cost £150,000.

An 11 mile extension from Spanish Townmarker to Old Harbourmarker was added in 1869 at a cost of £60,000.

A further 24½ mile extension from Old Harbourmarker to Porusmarker was added in 1885 at a cost of around £187,000.

The final 62 miles (100 km) from Porusmarker to Montego Baymarker was completed in 1895.

Much of the line closed in October 1992 when all passenger traffic on Jamaica's railways abruptly ceased. Some sections remain in use for Bauxite and Aluminium freight while the section from Montego Bay to the Appleton Estate remained open for a while as a tourist attraction.

Gradients and curvature

From Kingston the line ran west along the coastal plain, within of sea level, for about before starting a gentle climb over from Bodles to near Lancaster Halt. From here there was a plateau for about to the Milk River and the start of the climb through Scotts Pass and Porus to just north of Kendal.

Between Kendal and Mile Gully the line reaches its summit at around ; in this section the ruling curvature was and the ruling gradient was 1 in 30.

From Mile Gully there was a gentle descent over to near Raheen. From here the line ran on the level across the Appleton Plain to Maggotty and the start of a climb to near Stonehenge. From here to Catadupa the line ran on the level then descended to at Seven River. Another level section brought it to Long Hill Tunnel and the final descent into Montego Bay.

Stations and Halts

There were 22 stations and 17 halts:
  • Kingston marker
  • Greenwich Town Halt
  • Marcus Garvey Drive Halt                 
  • Hunts Bay Halt
  • Gregory Park Station
  • Grange Lane Station
  • Spanish Town Station
  • Horizon Park Halt
  • Hartlands Halt
  • Bushy Park Halt
  • Old Harbour Station
  • May Pen Station
  • Jacob’s Hut
  • Four Paths Station
  • Rock Halt
  • Clarendon Park Station
  • Scott’s Pass Halt
  • Porus Station
  • Williamsfield Station
  • Kendal Station
  • Grove Place Halt
  • Greenvale Station
  • Comfort Hall Halt
  • Duck Pond Halt
  • Oxford Halt
  • Balaclava Station
  • Siloah Halt
  • Appleton Station
  • Appleton Tourist Halt
  • Maggotty Station
  • Ipswich Station
  • Breadnut Walk Halt
  • Stonehenge Station
  • Catadupa Station
  • Cambridge Station
  • Montpelier Station
  • Anchovy Stationmarker
  • Ailford’s Halt
  • Gordon’s Halt
  • Montego Bay (Terminus)
Kingston railway station c2000.
Gregory Park railway station c1980.
Montego Bay railway station c1905.


Tunnels

There are 13 tunnels on the line:
No. Name Mi from
Kingston
Km from
Kingston
Parish Length
feet
Length
meters
1 Scotts Pass 44.25 71.2 Clarendon 70 21.3
2 Scotts Pass 44.50 71.6 Clarendon 170 51.8
3 Comfort Hall 65.50 105.4 St. Elizabeth 688 209.1
4 Balaclava 70.00 112.6 St. Elizabeth 348 106.1
5 Highworth 84.00 135.2 St. Elizabeth 182 55.5
6 Y S 84.50 136.0 St. Elizabeth 218 66.4
7 Ipswich 86.25 138.8 St. Elizabeth 855 260.6
8 Unnamed 87.75 141.2 St. James 555 164.6
9 Merrywood 88.50 142.4 St. James 362 115.8
10 Anchovy 104.50 168.2 St. James 102 31.1
11 Ramble 108.00 173.8 St. James 182 55.5
12 Bogue Hill 108.50 174.6 St. James 1276 388.9
13 Bogue Hill 108.75 175.0 St. James 458 139.6


Bridges

There were 51 significant bridges and one viaduct on the line

  • Trench Town Gully
  • Shoemakers Gully
  • Cockfight Bridge (gully)
  • Salt River
  • Rio Cobre
  • Irrigation canal east
  • Irrigation canal west
  • Creek Town Gully
  • Track (rail over)
  • Irrigation canal
  • Cut Throat Gully
  • Spring Garden River
  • Irrigation canal east
  • Irrigation canal west
  • Coleburns Gully
  • Church Pen Gully east
  • Church Pen Gully west
  • Stony Gully
  • Fraser's Gully
  • Old Harbour(?) River
  • Bowers Gully
  • Palmetto Gully
  • Hunts Pen road (rail over)
  • A2 road (rail under)
  • Rio Minho - originally completed in 1874, it was completely rebuilt during the second decade of the twentieth century by Hewson (of the Jamaica Government Railway) using the then new method of concrete blocks
  • Jacks or St Annes Gully #1
  • Jacks or St Annes Gully #2
  • Jacks or St Annes Gully #3
  • Jacks or St Annes Gully #4
  • Flemings (sic) Gully east
  • Flemings (sic) Gully west
  • Milk River
  • Milk River (seasonal)
  • Track (rail over)
  • Kendal - Mandeville road (rail over)
  • B6 road, Balaclava (rail under)
  • Black River #1
  • Black River #2
  • Black River #3
  • Ipswich - Merrywood road (rail under)
  • Richmond Hill road (rail under)
  • B6 road, Jubilee (rail under)
  • Seven River #1
  • Seven River #2
  • Seven River #3
  • Seven River #4
  • Seven River #5
  • Browns River
  • Anchovy Gully
  • B8 road, Mount Carey (rail under)
  • Bogue Viaduct
  • Montego River


Junctions

There were 3 branch line junctions, 3 railway works junctions and 4 estate railway junctions on the line:

Branch lines
  • Spanish Town Junction to Bog Walkmarker, Ewartonmarker, New Works and Port Antoniomarker.
  • May Pen Junction to Frankfield.
  • Logans Junction to Fort Simmonds.


Railway works
  • Kingston railway workshops.
  • Kingston permanent way department.
  • Kingston engine sheds.


Estate railways
  • Caymanas estate.
  • Bridge Pen.
  • Raheen.
  • Appleton.


Bauxite lines
  • Bodles.


Piers
  • Kingston railway piers numbers 1, 2 & 3.


Notes and references




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