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Ralph Izard (January 23, 1741 or 1742–May 30, 1804) was a U.S.marker politician. He served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1794.

Early life

Izard was born at "The Elms" near Charleston, South Carolinamarker. He was the son of Henry Izard and Margaret Johnson. His great-grandfather was Ralph Izard [72819] (1660-1710), who was born in Dorchester, Englandmarker and settled in South Carolina. His maternal grandfather was Province of South Carolina Governor Robert Johnson. Izard's parents died when he was a small child, and only one of his siblings survived to adulthood. He spent most of his childhood and youth studying in Englandmarker: he attended a school in Hackney, Londonmarker, and matriculated as a fellow-commoner at Trinity Hall, Cambridgemarker. Izard returned to America in 1764, but did not remain in South Carolina for long. In 1767, he married Alice DeLancey of New York (a niece of James DeLancey). They had 13 children between the years of 1768 and 1792.


He resided in Londonmarker in 1771 and moved to Parismarker, Francemarker, in 1776. He was appointed commissioner to the Court of Tuscany by the Continental Congress in 1776, but was recalled in 1779. He returned to America in 1780 and pledged his large estate in South Carolinamarker for the payment of war ships to be used in the American Revolutionary War. He was a member of the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. In 1788, he was elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1795, serving as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Third Congress.

Death and legacy

Izard retired from public life to the care of his estates and died near Charleston. He is interred in the churchyard of St. James Goose Creek Episcopal Churchmarker, near Charleston.

Izard was one of the founders of the College of Charlestonmarker. His children and relations married well:


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