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Randall's Island is situated in the East Rivermarker in New York Citymarker, part of the borough of Manhattanmarker [138672]. It is separated from Manhattan island on the west by the river's main channel, from Queensmarker on the east by the Hell Gate, and from the Bronxmarker on the north by the Bronx Killmarker. It is joined to Ward's Islandmarker on the south by landfill. Together, the two islands form New York Countymarker's Census Tract 240, which had a total population of 1,386 living on 2.2 km² of land area, according to the United States Census, 2000. Administratively, it is part of the borough of Manhattan.


House of Refuge in 1855
Native Americans called it Minnahanonck. It was purchased from the Indians in 1637 by Dutch Governor Wouter Van Twiller and used for farming. John Montresor, an engineer with the British army, purchased the island in 1772. He lived on it, now renamed Montresor's Island, with his wife until the Revolutionary War forced him to deploy. The British used his island to launch amphibious attacks on Manhattan, and Montresor's house there was burned in 1777. He resigned his commission and returned to England in 1778, but retained ownership of the island until the British evacuated the city in 1783 and it was confiscated. It was purchased by Jonathan Randel (or Randal) in 1784, at which time it acquired its familiar name, if with different spelling. His heirs sold it to the city in 1835 for $60,000.

In the 19th century, Randall's Island became home to an orphan asylum, poor house, burial ground for the poor, idiot asylum, homeopathic hospital and rest home for Civil War veterans. It was also site of the New York House of Refuge, a reform school completed in 1854 for juvenile delinquents or juveniles adjudicated as vagrants.

Current condition

Randall's Island Sports Foundation (RISF) was founded in 1992 as a public-private partnership to work on behalf of Randall's Island Park. The Foundation, in conjunction with City leadership, works to develop sports and recreational facilities, restore its natural environment, reclaim and maintain parkland, and sponsor programs for children.

RISF's signature facility on Randall's Island, Icahn Stadiummarker, was opened on April 23, 2005. The Stadium, a world-class track & field facility, is capable of hosting local, regional and national events.

RISF most comprehensive project to date involves the reconfiguration of the Park's sports fields. Upon completion, 66 fields will be available for use and will accommodate a greater variety of sports, including, football, lacrosse, field hockey, and rugby amongst the sports already played at the Park, soccer, baseball and softball. The project also includes upgrades to infrastructure with better irrigation and storm water management systems, amenities such as water fountains, bike racks, and picnic areas, lighting, designated parking, and staffed information booths.

The project will help satisfy demand for playing fields by the City's youth and adult leagues. The City's total ball field inventory will increase by 5% and Manhattan's inventory will increase by approximately 30%. The sports field project will add more than 48,000 hours of additional playing time for current and new users of the fields.

RISF also runs its free Randall's Island Kids (RIK) youth programs at the Park. Working with over 120 local public schools and community-based organizations in East Harlem and the South Bronx, RIK brings thousands of children to the Park each year for a range of free sports and environmental education activities year- round. In addition, RISF hosts RIK CAMP, a free six-week long summer camp that also brings thousands children from the neighboring communities to the Park every summer.

The increase in field availability will allow more public use of the Island and provide for expansion of RIK program. Children in East Harlem and the South Bronx are at the highest risk of rising childhood diseases such as obesity, asthma and diabetes.
19th century
Railway bridge by the northern end of Randall's Island
New Fields on Randall's Island

As part of the improvements on the Island, two natural environments, a salt marsh and a freshwater wetland, have been established. Through the process of excavating over of debris, installing clean sand, and planting native marsh grasses, of remarkable salt marsh has been created surrounding the Little Hell Gate Inlet on the western edge of the Island. Just across from the salt marsh, of freshwater wetlands were also restored. After the removal of almost of debris and fill, the freshwater wetland site was planted with native herbaceous, shrub, and tree species, such as switchgrass, aster, dogwood, and oak.

The restored salt marsh and freshwater wetland are located in the middle of New York City's urban landscape, in which few natural, undeveloped areas remain. As such, these areas will be critical and welcoming sites for wildlife, including birds, crustaceans, mollusks, fish and small mammals. The close proximity of the two types of wetlands to each other, as well as the diversity of their habitat types, increases their ecological functionality and value.

In addition, the restoration projects play a crucial role in an innovative Park-wide filtration system that collects storm water from the adjacent sports fields, pathways and paved areas and channels it through the Wetlands, where the new plants naturally filter pollutants before reaching the East River and the Long Island Sound.

RISF's RIK Nature program offers students a hands-on experience and the newly restored wetlands will allow future RIK participants to learn even more about environmental science and other core subjects through experiences in an outdoor classroom, while increasing their appreciation for the Park and the natural world.

Additional projects include a new Boardwalk adjacent to the Stadium. This Boardwalk will also connect to roughly a mile of visible and accessible pedestrian and bicycle trails between the Inlet and the 103rd Street Footbridge from Manhattan, with interpretive signage and increased access to waterfront resources and current and future Park facilities.

A newly renovated Randall's Island Golf Center opened in 2008. The new $500,000 renovation will be the most impressive driving range in the metropolitan area, providing a year-round, family-friendly destination spot for all New York golfers. The renovated state-of-the-art golf complex features a two-tier indoor/outdoor, 82-stall driving range, of landing area, a 36-hole mini-golf course, grass tees, a short game area with sand bunker, PGA instructors, and 9 batting cages. New Golf Center amenities include a renovated pro shop and snack bar, a beer garden and café, a patio wifi lounge, custom club fitting services, club repair studio, and personalized video analysis of swing and form.

Upcoming projects, slated for the next few years, a 20-court state-of-the-art Tennis Center, a Visitors/Nature Center, additional pathway sections, and extensive environmental restoration. Programming at Randall's Island includes visits by Cirque du Soleil and summer concert series.

RISF's Management, Restoration & Development Plan is being carried out through a calibrated balance of individual, corporate and foundation philanthropy and public funding, alongside private investment in facilities planned to generate much-needed revenue toward Park maintenance.

The Triborough Bridgemarker complex, whose hub is located on the island, provides vehicular and pedestrian access from the boroughs of Manhattan, Queens, and the Bronx. The railroad viaduct approach to the Hell Gate Bridge passes overhead. The Ward's Island Bridgemarker leads to Manhattan.

The island is home to the New York City Fire Department's training academy and some other public facilities. Most of the island, however, is a city park.

In 2008 Randall's Island hosted a variety of events including, the Nike Human+Race on August 31. Over 10,000 runners participated in a 10k race course that circled the Island and concluded in Icahn Stadium. The race was followed by a concert featuring the All-American Rejects on the Harlem River Event site.

On May 31, 2008, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt broke the world record for the men's 100-meter dash at the Fourth Annual Reebok Grand Prix with a "lightning" speed time of 9.72 seconds. Bolt's win brought the packed house of over 6,000 people to their feet.

See also


  1. [1] U.S. Census Bureau

External links

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