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Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missourimarker.As of the 2008 estimate the population is 25,723 . As of 2000, the population was 24,663. Its county seat is Huntsvillemarker . The county was organized in 1829 and named for John Randolph of Roanoke, congressman and U.S. senator from Virginia.


Randolph County was settled, primarily, by migrants from the Upper South states, especially Kentuckymarker and Tennesseemarker. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Randolph was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Randolph was at its heart.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,263 km²), of which, 482 square miles (1,249 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (14 km²) of it (1.09%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


As of the census of 2000, there were 24,663 people, 9,199 households, and 6,236 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 10,740 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.58% White, 7.03% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.1% were of German, 21.4% Americanmarker, 10.9% English and 9.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,199 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 107.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,464, and the median income for a family was $39,268. Males had a median income of $26,878 versus $20,366 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,010. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns


  1. The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 Jun 2008

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