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The Rani of Jhansi Regiment was the Women's Regiment of the Indian National Army. Led by Capt Lakshmi Swaminathan, the unit was raised in July 1943 with volunteers from expatriate Indian population in South East Asia.

Establishment

The initial nucleus of the force was established with its training camp in Singaporemarker with approximately a hundred and seventy cadets. The cadets were given ranks of Non commissioned officers or Private according to their education. Later, camps were established in Rangoonmarker and Bangkokmarker and by November 1943, the unit had more than 300 cadets.

Training

The recruits were divided into sections and platoons and were accorded ranks of Non-Commissioned Officers and Sepoys according to their educational qualifications. These cadets underwent military and combat training with drills, route marches as well as weapons training in rifles, hand grenades, bayonet charge. Later, a number of the cadets were chosen for more advanced training in Jungle Warfare in Burmamarker. The first qualified troops, numbering nearly five hundred, passed out of the Singapore training camp in March 1944. Some 200 of the cadets were also chosen for Nursing training, forming the Chand Bibi Nursing Corps.

Service

During the INA's Imphal campaign, an initial contingent of nearly a hundred of the Rani of Jhansi troops moved to Maymyomarker, part of which was intended to form a Vangaurd unit to enter the Gangetic plains of Bengal after the expected fall of Imphal. A part of the unit also formed the Nursing corps at the INA hospital at Maymyo.Following the failure of the siege of Imphal and the INA's disastrous retreat, the Rani troops were tasked with coordinating the relief and care of the INA troops who arrived at Monywamarker and to MaymyomarkerThe Rani regiment was not ultimately used in combat.

End of the regiment

After the fall of Rangoon and the withdrawal of the Azad Hind government and Subhas Chandra Bose from the city and through Burma, the troops originally from Burma were allowed to disband, while the remainder of the regiment retreated along with the retreating Japanese forces on foot and, when available, on mechanised transport. During the retreat it suffered some attacks both from Allied air attacks, as well the Burmese resistance forces. The total casualty suffered is not available. The unit later disbanded.

See also

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