The Full Wiki

More info on Rano Kau

Rano Kau: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Rano Kau is a tall extinct volcano that forms the southwestern headland of Easter Islandmarker, a Chileanmarker island in the Pacific Oceanmarker. It was formed of basaltic lava flows in the Pleistocene with its youngest rocks dated at between 150,000 and 210,000 years ago.

The crater

Rano Kau has a crater lake which is one of the island's only three natural bodies of fresh water. Most of the volcano is on the coast and has been eroded back to form high sea cliffs which at one point have started to bite into the crater wall. On its northern side, the volcano slopes down to Mataveri International Airportmarker.

Rano Kau is in the world heritage site of Rapa Nui National Park and gives its name to one of the seven sections of the park. The principal archaeological site on Rano Kau is the ruined ceremonial village of Orongomarker which is located at the point where the sea cliff and inner crater wall converge. One ahu with several moai was recorded on the cliffs at Rano Kau in the 1880s, but had fallen to the beach by the time of the Routledge expedition in 1914.

As well as basalt, it contains several other igneous rocks including obsidian (for which it was one of the major sources for the island's stoneworkers) and pumice.

The crater is almost a mile across and has its own micro climate. Sheltered from the winds that dry most of the rest of the island, figs and vines flourish at Rano Kau.

570 px

Geothermal activity

At some point in the early twentieth century, the island's manager took a photograph of steam coming out of the crater wall.

See also

External links


  1. Flenley & Bahn 2003 The enigmas of Easter Island ISBN 0-19-280340-9 page 18
  2. Steam crack in Rano Kau

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address