The Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung
; German for "Council for German Orthography")
is the main international body regulating the German language
seat being in Mannheim, Germany, the RdR was
formed in 2004 as a successor to the
Zwischenstaatliche Kommission für deutsche Rechtschreibung
("Intergovernmental Commission for German Orthography") in order to
comprise proponents as well as opponents to the German orthography reform of
1996 (and subsequent reforms).
Currently the RdR is composed of 39 members from the following
states and regions:
having German as one of its official languages, Luxembourg, which was not involved in devising the reform of
1996, is not part of the council.
The government of
Luxembourg unilaterally adopted the reform and, due to its
efficiency, it is well-accepted by the country's teachers.
According to the duchy's largest newspaper, the Luxemburger Wort,
Luxembourg does not perceive itself as a "German-speaking country"
(the only national language
) and thus had no right to take
part in the council. However, it is interesting to note, that
Luxembourg does participate in the Francophonie
and has members in the Académie française
on the other
hand, despite French
being only an
The chairman of the Gesellschaft für deutsche
is a member of the council. In 2003, the RdR, the GfdS,
the Goethe Institute
Institute of the German Language, founded the German Language
Council (Deutscher Sprachrat)
which was later also joined
by the German Academic