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The Ravi ( , , , ) is a river flowing through Indiamarker and Pakistanmarker. It is one of the five rivers which gives the Punjab region its name. The Ravi was known as Paruṣṇī or Irāvatī to Indians in Vedic period and as to the Ancient Greeks.

Course

It originates in the Himalayasmarker in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradeshmarker, Indiamarker following a north-westerly course and is a perennial river. It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousiemarker, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur near Pathankotmarker. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab Rivermarker. The total length of the river is about 720 km. The waters of the Ravi river are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan and the resulting Indus Basin Project. It is also called 'The river of Lahoremarker' since that city is located on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the famous town of Shahdara Bagh with the tomb of Jahangir and the Tomb of [[Noor Jahan.].

History

Part of the battle of the ten kings was fought on the Parushni river, which according to Yaska (Nirukta 9.26) refers to the Iravati river (Ravi River) in the Punjab. Macdonell and Keith write that "the name [Parushni] is certainly that of the river later called Ravi (Iravati)".

When Congress under the presidentship of Jawahar Lal Nehru changed its goal to Purna Swaraj, the national tricolor was unfurled at the bank of river Ravi at mid-night on 31 December 1929 amidst the Vande Mataram and Inquilab Zindabad Slogans.

Notes

See also




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