Redhill is a town in the
borough of Reigate and
Banstead, Surrey, England and
is part of the London commuter
belt. Redhill and the adjacent town of Reigate form a
single urban area.
The town came into being when a road was built in 1818 The
settlement was originally known as Warwick Town
known as Redhill when the post office
moved from Red Hill Common in 1856.
A major factor in the development of the town was the coming of the
railway. Redhill railway station continues to be an important junction.
Redhill is also one of the few places in the UK where Fuller's Earth
can be extracted Alfred Nobel
for the first time at a Redhill quarry in
A Victorian psychiatric
to the south of Redhill, the Royal Earlswood Hospital
, was for
40 years home to two of Queen
Elizabeth the Queen Mother
's cousins Katherine Bowes-Lyon
and Nerissa Bowes-Lyon
, both of whom had
learning difficulties. The inmate James Henry Pullen
(1835-1916) was an
autistic savant. He was a brilliant craftsman and artist. His work
was accepted by Queen Victoria
. Some of Pullen's ship
models, designs and art work can be seen on permanent display at
the Belfry Shopping Centre, High Street, Redhill. The hospital site
has now been converted to luxury apartments.
the famous amateur astronomer
moved to Redhill in 1852, using his family fortune to build his own
house and observatory. It was here that in 1859 he made astronomical observations
first corroborated the existence of solar
as well as their electrical influence upon the Earth
and its aurorae
. In 1863 he published records of
observations that first demonstrated
. In 1865 ill health prompted him to sell his
house and move to Churt,
St John the
Evangelist was the first of Redhill's parish churches and the
parish originally stretched from Gatton in the north to Sidlow in
View from Redhill Common towards St
John's Church August 2000
part of the Reigate and
Banstead local government district.
On the edge of Redhill is Gatton Park, an estate once owned by the
; the estate had a private chapel
(now open to the public) and Japanese
. The veteran London to Brighton car rally runs through
the town each year.
Over the years the town centre has included many major high street
names. It has a market each Thursday and Saturday and sometimes
hosts a French market.
The town has a distinctive red-brick theatre-cinema-library
complex, called the Warwick Quadrant (housing the Harlequin Theatre
and Cinema, library, Sainsbury's and other shops), and an old
shopping arcade; for many years this was simply called "The
Arcade"; today its name has changed to "Redhill Indoor Market"
although many locals still refer to it by its previous name.
A local night club
is currently called
'Liquid and Envy' but is also known to locals by its previous names
'The Embassy' or 'Millionaires' (or simply 'Mares') or 'Busbys',
all former names before recent renovation in 2003.
Redhill played host to its own music festival in 2007 headlined by
The Ordinary Boys
' will return in July 2009 headlined by
Redhill has hosted an annual air display at its aerodrome up to
2006 as well as a steam fair opposite, however neither were staged
lies at the junction of the A23 and A25 roads. The junction of the M25 and M23 motorways is near
Redhill, but there is no direct access to either motorway from
The nearest junctions are Reigate Hill (M25),
Hooley (M23) and Godstone (M25).
station is at the junction of three lines, the main
London to Brighton line, the
North Downs Line running from
Reading to Redhill, and the Redhill to Tonbridge
The London to Brighton line is electrified and is operated by
trains belonging to the Southern
and First Capital Connect
companies as well as (very occasional) CrossCountry
diesel services from Manchester
and Birmingham to Gatwick Airport and Brighton. The line splits
north of Redhill at Coulsdon and rejoins to the south of Redhill
allowing most fast services to bypass Redhill. London-bound trains
usually go to either London Victoria or London
Bridge. Coming out of London, trains for Redhill
usually go on Horsham, Portsmouth Harbour, Three
Bridges or Gatwick Airport.
Capital Connect operates the 'Thameslink'
service which goes through London, calling at London
Thameslink, Farringdon and St Pancras International, then continues north to Luton
Airport Parkway and Bedford.
There is a very limited service at
to the west is electrified as far as Reigate, with some
services from London terminating there.
Through trains to
Dorking, Guildford and Reading are run by First Great Western and
are diesel. Trains to stations to Tonbridge to the east, are run by
South Eastern. Most diesel services from the North Downs Line go on
to Gatwick Airport.
Numerous bus services are operated to the town, by Arriva
and Southdown PSV
. In May 2008, route 100
to Crawley became part
of the Fastway
bus rapid transport
system, following redevelopment of the town bus station.
access is available at Redhill Aerodrome (EGKR) off the A23 1.5Nm south east of Redhill town
and at London
Gatwick Airport which lies about seven miles to the south on the
A23. Heathrow airport is less than an hour's drive to the west and both
Luton and London
City airports are accessible by train.
- See Famous
people linked with Redhill
Redhill is served by these emergency services;
Sport and recreation
is home to Redhill
Football Club and Donyngs
sports centre which includes an indoor swimming pool.