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The City of Redmond Oregon, incorporated on July 6, 1910, is located on the eastern side of Oregon's Cascade Range and is considered the geographical heart of Central Oregonmarker, within easy access to a multitude of recreational opportunities including mountain biking, fishing, hiking, camping, rock climbing, white-water rafting, skiing, and golf. Redmond is a progressive full-service municipality and one of the fastest growing industrial and residential communities in the State of Oregon. Redmond had a population of 13,481 in 2000 and has grown to an estimated population of 25,445 residents; the growth rate continues to be about 8% per year. This High Desert community encompasses 15 1/2 square miles (approx. 9,974 acres) and is located on a flat plateau, at an elevation of 3,077 feet above sea level. Redmond is 15 miles north of Bendmarker, the county seat for Deschutes County; 144 miles from Portlandmarker; 129 miles from Salemmarker, the State Capital; and 126 miles from Eugenemarker.

History

Oregon had been a State for 45 years by the time Frank and Josephine Redmond pitched their first homestead tent near the area that would later take on their name in 1905. With these agricultural roots, the city was platted by an irrigation company building a major canal project. In 1911, a year after the town was incorporated; electrification reached Redmond as well as the Oregon Trunk Line Railroad, which opened new markets for farmers and merchants in the area. By 1930 the town grew to 1,000 people, and ten years later population had nearly doubled. During the 1940s Redmond was selected as a U.S. Army Air Base and commercial air service was established at Roberts Fieldmarker after World War II. The following three decades (1950s, 60s, 70s) and most of the 80s the town's population remained relatively static, growing slowly around a small commercial/retail center and manufacturing industry. However, during the 1990s the town's population began to grow along with most of Deschutes County. Between 2000 and 2006, Redmond's population grew by 74.3% making it among Oregon's fastest growing incorporated cities each year. This rapid growth has continued through 2006, 11.3% this past year, increasing the population to 23,500. Its growth is fueled by employment, comparatively lower cost of living, and great quality of life.

Geography

Redmonds elevation is .

Redmond is located 15 miles north of Bendmarker on U.S. Highway 97, and 2 miles south of Smith Rockmarker. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.5 square miles (29.5 km²), all of it land. Because of its high elevation, Redmond's climate is considered high desertmarker.

The Horse Lava Tube System enters the city of Redmond at the point of the Redmond Caves. The lava flow that created the system continues on into the Redmond Canyon and beyond.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,481 people, 5,260 households, and 3,618 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.7 people per square mile (508.3/km²). There were 5,584 housing units at an average density of 545.4/sq mi (210.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.72% White, 0.09% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.48% of the population.

There were 5,260 households, out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,701, and the median income for a family was $41,481. Males had a median income of $31,940 versus $23,508 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,286. About 6.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

A major employer is the Redmond Air Center, located at the Redmond Airportmarker. This is a Forest Service smoke-jumping, firefighting and training installation.

PCC-Schlosser is one example of the growing manufacturing sector in Redmond, employing over 200 in the manufacture of Titanium castings for the aerospace and medical markets.

T-Mobile Inc. has a call center in Redmond which employs more than 700 employees.

The Redmond Spokesman newspaper is the city's oldest continuously operating business, printing its first issue July 14, 1910. Publishers Henry and Clara Palmer moved their press for the Laidlaw Chronicle to Redmond, competing with the existing Oregon Hub and Enterprise newspapers, now defunct.

The Eagle Crest Resortmarker, located six miles west Redmond, is one of eight destination resorts as defined by Oregon's Department of Land Conservation and Development. Eagle Crest is one of Redmond's major employers, and one of Deschutes County's largest corporate tax payers.

Education

The Redmond School District encompasses 556 square miles and operates 10 schools: 7 elementary schools along with 2 middle schools and 1 high school. Redmond's total enrollment on September 26, 2006 was 6,892. Elementary schools serve grades K-5, middle school grades 6-8 and high school 9-12. A new high school is in the process of being built.

Climate

Redmonds's climate is typical of the high desertmarker with cool nights and sunny days. Annual precipitation averages between and , which is part of the average snowfall of . The winter season in Redmond provides typical daytime temperatures between and . Average nighttime temperatures range anywhere from to . According to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, the average annual minimum temperature in Redmond is to .

A typical Central Oregon summer is marked with daily temperatures around to during the day, and around to during the night. Hard frosts are not unheard of during the summer months. Autumn usually brings warm, dry days and cooler nights. According to the Western Regional Climate Center of the Desert Research Institute, the mean of the monthly average maximum temperatures in July, the hottest month in Redmond, between 1928 and 2006 was .

Redmond's growing season is quite short due to a brief frost-free period. According to the U.S.marker Department of Agriculturemarker's National Resources Conservation Service, in half of the years between 1971 and 2000, the USDA weather station in Redmond recorded the last below-freezing temperatures after July 3 and the first below-freezing temperatures before August 31.

Transportation

Passenger Terminal

Air

Redmond is the operator of the region's only commercial airline service airport, Roberts Fieldmarker. Carriers include Horizon Airlines, Skywest Airlines (flying as both United Express and Delta Connection) and Allegiant Airlines provide direct service to Portlandmarker, Seattlemarker, Salt Lake Citymarker, San Franciscomarker, Los Angelesmarker, Las Vegasmarker and Mesa, Arizonamarker. The U.S. Forest Service operates an air base and training center for firefighting, and Butler Aircraft, a fixed-base operator, flies DC-7 aircraft for firefighting efforts.

Highways

Redmond lies at the intersection of U.S. Route 126 and U.S. Route 97. The latter runs on an expressway alignment through the city known as the Redmond Parkway.

Rail

A BNSF mainline runs north-south through the city; there are numerous spurs off of the mainline which serve industrial rail customers. The closest Amtrak service is in the town of Chemultmarker, approximately to the south; this station is served by the Coast Starlight route.

Points of interest



Natural history

Some of Redmond's landmark desert flora include:
  • The Juniper tree, which dots the surrounding brush/desert.
  • The Sagebrush, a medium high bush which is abundant in undeveloped areas.


References

  1. [1]
  2. "Images of America:Redmond"|Leslie Pugmire Hole |Trish Pinkerton |2009 |Arcadia |Chicago |isbn 13-978-0-7385-7089-1 |page 94 |
  3. Williams, Steve, "The Expansion of Oregon’s Destination Resorts", WorkSource Oregon, www.qualityinfo.org, Oregon Employment Department, Salem, Oregon, 29 March 2007.
  4. USNA - USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map: North-West US
  5. Monthly Average Maximum Temperature, BEND, OREGON
  6. National Water & Climate Center - Climate Information


External links




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