The Redwood Valley Rancheria
Redwood Valley Reservation
) is the land
reservation where the Native American
community known as the The Redwood Valley Band of Pomo Indians
resides. It is located
northeast of the town of Redwood Valley in Mendocino County, California.
Location and land status
The reservation spans on the northeastern side of the Russian River Valley
. The terrain is
forested and mountainous with some river and streams. The area is
in a mild and transitional climate between coastal and interior
valleys. Rainfall averages per year.
The reservation land was purchased by the United States government
on July 19, 1909, but the rancheria terminated on August 1, 1961,
along with 43 other California rancherias, according to the
Act of 1958
In the mid-1970’s, Redwood Valley Reservation, along with 16 other
Native American communities, filed a lawsuit with the United States
government seeking federal re-recognition in a case known as
Tillie Hardwick v. United States of America
1983, the communities won the lawsuit.
Since then, the Redwood Valley Reservation has acquired , held in
trust by the United States government since 1985.
Culture and History
The Redwood Valley Pomo once lived in the Little River area
northeast of the Clear Lake
arrival of European settlers in the 19th century displaced most
Pomo people from their native lands.
In the early 1900’s, Congress authorized an investigation of the
living conditions of landless Indians
. Congress set apart
and purchased small parcels of lands as Indian Reservations (often
in California) for Native American
people. Between 1906 and 1913 an attorney from San Jose, C.E.
Kelsey personally oversaw the purchase of land in northern and
central California pursuant to the acts, including the land for the
Redwood Valley Rancheria.
The Rancheria was active until 1958, when it was terminated by the
California Rancheria Act of 1958. At its termination many tribal
members from Redwood Valley migrated to surrounding towns and
cities in search of employment, while only a few Native American
families on the rancheria. However, the rancheria was reinstituted
in 1983, and since then the tribe has formed a tribal government,
acquired a land-base, and began an economic-development
On June 20, 1987, The Redwood Valley Band of Pomo Indians
was formed with a constitution
, according to the Indian Reorganization Act of
. This tribe now governs the Redwood Valley Rancheria by a
General Council, who elects a seven-member Tribal Council. The
tribe is federally recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Other current Pomo communities in Mendocino County: