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For the municipality that amalgamated with Toronto in 1998, see York, Ontariomarker.

The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontariomarker, Canadamarker, between Lake Simcoemarker and Torontomarker. It replaced the former York County in 1971. The 2006 census population was 892,712. It is the fastest growing census division in Canada, expected to surpass 1.5 million residents by 2031. The entire region is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the inner ring of Golden Horseshoe. The regional seat is in Newmarketmarker.


York Region covers 1,776 square kilometres from Lake Simcoe in the north to the city of Torontomarker in the south. Its eastern border is shared with Durham Regionmarker, to the west is Peel Regionmarker, and Simcoe County is to the northwest. A map of the region[33605] showing its major roads and communities is available.

Towns and cities in York Region include:

There is also one First Nation with an Indian reserve, where the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nationmarker reside.

York Region's landscape includes farmlands, wetlands and kettle lakes, the Oak Ridges Moraine and over 2,070 hectares of regional forest, in addition to the built-up areas of its municipalities.


The York Region Administrative Centre.
The region is governed by a group known as York Regional Council, which consists of 20 elected representatives from each of the constituent towns and cities in the region, including each of the nine mayors and 11 regional councillors, who are elected from specific municipalities as follows:
  • 1 from each of Georgina and Newmarket
  • 2 from Richmond Hill
  • 3 from Vaughan
  • 4 from Markham

The leader of Council is referred to as "Regional Chair and CEO". Bill Fisch, B. Comm, L.L.B. currently holds this office.

In October 2008, the York Regional Municipality was named one of Greater Toronto's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by the Toronto Star newspaper.

Federal and provincial representation

York Region encompasses all or part of the federal electoral districts of Markham—Unionville, Newmarket-Aurora, Oak Ridges-Markham, Richmond Hill, Thornhill, Vaughan and York-Simcoe. The same districts are used in both the Canadian House of Commons and the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.


The economy of York Region is a mix. In general, the economies in its southern communities include a full range of businesses from industrial to high-tech. Further north, beginning in the northern sections of Vaughan and Markham, extensive wetlands and farmland still remain, although new housing developments continually consume space year after year. There are ongoing conflicts between conservationists and developers over land use. Most contentious is the conflict use of the Oak Ridges Moraine.


Major shopping centres located in York Region include:


See List of York Regional Roads, :Category:York Regional Roads.

The road network in York Region is remarkably 'grid-like', meaning most roads run north-south or east-west. The topography of the land has permitted roads to be set in predominantly straight lines. York Region assigned approximately 50 roads as York Regional Routes, meaning that the cost of maintaining of these roads is paid for by York Region.

The major highways in the Region are:

Air transportation

Most air travel is served by Toronto Pearson International Airportmarker, Canada's largest airport. Toronto/Buttonville Municipal Airportmarker is a regional airport in Markham, used for general aviation and business aircraft. There are also a few unpaved airports serving the region. Hare Field is located in Holland Landing (East Gwillimbury) and Belhaven Airport is located in Georgina.

Public transportation

Map of York Region and the municipalities it includes.

York Region is served by:

Until 2001, the towns of York Region operated separate public transit services, which did not connect very well with each other. YRT was created by the Regional Government to combine five of these services:

Since 2001, bus routes have been extensively enhanced in the five communities which had pre-existing services, but YRT's services to East Gwillimbury is limited to two routes, and service to King, Georgina and Whitchurch-Stouffville are even more limited due to the relatively sparse populations in each of those towns.


See :Category:High schools in York Region

Public schools, with classes up to grade 12, are administered by the York Region District School Board, which operates 180 schools. In addition, the York Catholic District School Board operates 95 schools with a curriculum based in Roman Catholic doctrine.

Seneca Collegemarker of Applied Arts and Technology has three campuses located in York Region, in King, Markham and Newmarket. York Universitymarker is located just outside of York Region's southern border, in Toronto.

In addition, there are many other religious and private schools located in the Region. These include:

News media

York's news media is also served by the outlets based in Toronto.


York Region has an unusual assortment of points of interest, ranging from nature reserves to pioneer-era museums, to a modern amusement park.

In Vaughan, the major attractions include the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, located in the community of Kleinburg and features works by Canadian artists including Inuit and First Nations artists. Canada's Wonderlandmarker, which features roller coasters and other rides, concerts and fireworks shows, is also in Vaughan.

Heritage sites and historical museums in the Region include:
  • Aurora Museum (Aurora)
  • Georgina Village Museum (Georgina)
  • King Township Museum (King)
  • Markham Museum (Markham)
  • RHLS Narrow Gauge Railway (Whitchurch-Stouffville)
  • Sharon Templemarker (East Gwillimbury)
  • Whitchurch-Stouffville Museum (Whitchurch-Stouffville)

Following is a sample of other attractions in the area:

Protected areas

  • Baker Sugarbush Conservation Area
  • Boyd Conservation Area
  • Bruce's Mill Conservation Area
  • Duclos Point Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Gold Creek Conservation Area
  • Holland Landing Prairie Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Kortright Centre Conservation Area
  • Lake St. George Conservation Area
  • Mabel Davis Conservation Area
  • Milne Park
  • Pickering Lands Preservation Site
  • Rogers Reservoir Conservation Area[33606]
  • Sheppards Bush Conservation Area
  • Sibbald Point Provincial Park
  • Thornton Bales King Conservation Area
  • Wesley Brooks Memorial Conservation Area
  • Whitchurch Conservation Area
  • Willow Beach Conservation Area

Sister city

The Region of York signed a "Twinning Agreement" with the city of Omskmarker, Russiamarker, on August 28 1997, after it signed a "Friendship Agreement" one year previous.


The Regional Municipality of York is one of the fastest growing census division in all of Ontario, it is growing at 22.4% in 5 years.

According to the Canada 2006 Census
  • Population:
    • in 2006: 892,712
    • in 2001: 729,254
    • change: +22.4%
  • Land area (square km) 1,761.64
  • Population density: 506.7 per square kilometre
  • Total private dwellings: 287,320
  • Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 275,673

According to the Canada 2001 Census
    • Average value of dwelling: $298,018
  • First Languages:
  • Visible minority groups:
    • Chinese: 13.9%
    • South Asian: 6.5%
    • Visible minority population: 30%
  • Median total income of persons 15 years of age and over: $28,566

Adjacent census divisions

See also


  1. York Region Growth Management - Planning for Tomorrow
  2. 2006 Canadian Census for York Region

External links

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