Philippines, regions (Filpino: rehiyon, ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative
divisions that serve primarily to organize the 80 provinces (lalawigan)
for administrative convenience.
Most government offices
establish regional offices instead of individual provincial
offices, usually (but not necessarily always) in the city
designated as the regional center.
The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government,
with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim
, which has an elected regional assembly and governor.
was originally intended to be autonomous
(Cordillera Autonomous Region), but the failure of two plebiscites
for its establishment reduced it to a regular administrative
Regions first came to existence in on September 24, 1972 when the
provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by
Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated
of President Ferdinand Marcos
Since that time, other regions have been created and some provinces
have been transferred from one region to another.
7, 1975: Region XII created and minor reorganization of some
- August 21, 1975: Region IX divided into Sub-Region IX-A' and
Sub-Region IX-B. Minor reorganization of some Mindanao
- November 7, 1975: National Capital Region created.
- August 1, 1989: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
- October 23, 1989: Cordillera Administrative Region
- October 12, 1990: Executive Order issued to
reorganize the Mindanao regions but
the reorganization never happened (possibly due to lack of
- February 23, 1995: Region XIII (Caraga)
created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao
Minor reorganization of some Mindanao
- September 19, 2001: Most Mindanao regions
reorganized and some renamed.
- May 17, 2002: Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region IV-B
(MIMAROPA) created from the former Region IV (Southern Tagalog) region.
23, 2005: Palawan transferred
from MIMAROPA to Western Visayas; MIMAROPA renamed to
- August 19, 2005: The E.O. 429 of May 23, 2005 transferring
Palawan from MIMAROPA to Western Visayas was later held in abeyance
by Administrative Order #129.
List of regions
The Philippines consists of 17 regions. The regions are
geographically combined into the three island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and
Following is a list of the regions in their island groupings. To
get overviews of the regions, see the respective articles on the
island groups. The regions CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, and SOCCSKSARGEN are capitalized because they are
acronyms that stand for their component provinces or
The following are regions that do not exist, explanations about
their current status follow each region's name.
- Some regions use acroyms in their names, examples include
CALABARZON, which is derived from
MIMAROPA, which is derived from
(for Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental),
MArinduque, ROmblon, and
PAlawan; and SOCCSKSARGEN,
which is derived from SOuth
Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan
Kudarat, SARangani, and GENeral Santos
- A highly urbanized
city, independent from any province.
- An independent municipality, not governed by any province.
- An independent
component city, not under the jurisdiction of any provincial
- A component city, part of the province of Basilan, but whose
regional services are provided by the offices of Region IX.