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In the Philippinesmarker, regions (Filpino: rehiyon, ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the 80 provinces (lalawigan) for administrative convenience. Most government offices establish regional offices instead of individual provincial offices, usually (but not necessarily always) in the city designated as the regional center.

The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which has an elected regional assembly and governor. The Cordillera Administrative Region was originally intended to be autonomous (Cordillera Autonomous Region), but the failure of two plebiscites for its establishment reduced it to a regular administrative region.


Regions first came to existence in on September 24, 1972 when the provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

Since that time, other regions have been created and some provinces have been transferred from one region to another.

  • July 7, 1975: Region XII created and minor reorganization of some Mindanaomarker regions.
  • August 21, 1975: Region IX divided into Sub-Region IX-A' and Sub-Region IX-B. Minor reorganization of some Mindanaomarker regions.
  • November 7, 1975: National Capital Region created.
  • August 1, 1989: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao created.
  • October 23, 1989: Cordillera Administrative Region created.
  • October 12, 1990: Executive Order issued to reorganize the Mindanaomarker regions but the reorganization never happened (possibly due to lack of government funds).
  • February 23, 1995: Region XIII (Caraga) created and minor reorganization of some Mindanaomarker regions.
  • 1997: Minor reorganization of some Mindanaomarker regions.
  • September 19, 2001: Most Mindanaomarker regions reorganized and some renamed.
  • May 17, 2002: Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) created from the former Region IV (Southern Tagalog) region.
  • May 23, 2005: Palawanmarker transferred from MIMAROPA to Western Visayas; MIMAROPA renamed to MIMARO.
  • August 19, 2005: The E.O. 429 of May 23, 2005 transferring Palawan from MIMAROPA to Western Visayas was later held in abeyance by Administrative Order #129.

List of regions

The Philippines consists of 17 regions. The regions are geographically combined into the three island groups of Luzonmarker, Visayasmarker, and Mindanaomarker. Following is a list of the regions in their island groupings. To get overviews of the regions, see the respective articles on the island groups. The regions CALABARZONmarker, MIMAROPA, and SOCCSKSARGEN are capitalized because they are acronyms that stand for their component provinces or cities.


Map Region
(short name)
Regional center Component local government units
National Capital Regionmarker
(NCR; Metro Manila)
Cordillera Administrative Region
Baguio Citymarker
Ilocos Region
(Region I)
San Fernando City, La Unionmarker
Cagayan Valley
(Region II)
Tuguegarao Citymarker
Central Luzon
(Region III)
San Fernando City, Pampangamarker
(Region IV-A)
Calamba Citymarker
(Region IV-B)
Calapan Citymarker
Bicol Regionmarker
(Region V)
Legazpi Citymarker


Map Region
(short name)
Regional center Component local government units
Western Visayas
(Region VI)
Iloilo Citymarker
Central Visayasmarker
(Region VII)
Cebu Citymarker
Eastern Visayas
(Region VIII)
Tacloban Citymarker


Map Region
(short name)
Regional center Component local government units
Zamboanga Peninsulamarker
(Region IX)
Pagadian Citymarker
Northern Mindanao
(Region X)
Cagayan de Oro Citymarker
Davao Region
(Region XI)
Davao Citymarker
(Region XII)
Koronadal Citymarker
(Region XIII)
Butuan Citymarker
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao
Cotabato Citymarker

Defunct regions

The following are regions that do not exist, explanations about their current status follow each region's name.


  1. Some regions use acroyms in their names, examples include CALABARZON, which is derived from CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, and QueZON; MIMAROPA, which is derived from MIndoro (for Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental), MArinduque, ROmblon, and PAlawan; and SOCCSKSARGEN, which is derived from SOuth Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, SARangani, and GENeral Santos City.
  2. A highly urbanized city, independent from any province.
  3. An independent municipality, not governed by any province.
  4. An independent component city, not under the jurisdiction of any provincial government.
  5. A component city, part of the province of Basilan, but whose regional services are provided by the offices of Region IX.

See also


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