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Religion in Kenya: Map


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Christianity was first brought to Kenya in the fifteenth century by the Portuguese and spread rapidly during the nineteenth century, when it experienced a revival. Today, the main Christian denominations in Kenya are Protestant confessions, which make up 38% of the country's religious composition. They include the Anglican Church of Kenya, and the Presbyterian, Reformed, Baptist, Lutheran and Pentecostal churches. The Roman Catholic Church represents 33% of the population.


There are a large number of Hindus living in Kenya, approximately 500,000. They are mainly located in the capital Nairobi, and areas such as Mombasa, Eldoret, Kisumu etc.


The Sunni path of Islam is the religion of approximately 7% of the Kenyan population. However, estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam vary widely.The North Eastern Provincemarker is predominantly ethnic Somali and Muslim. The Coast Provincemarker also has a significant Muslim population. Nairobimarker has several mosques and a notable Muslim population.

Religious Shari'ah courts, called Qadi Courts, are given jurisdiction over certain civil matters such as divorce and inheritance under the constitution of Kenya.

Muslims have complained that they are targeted and discriminated against by the government, particularly since the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Nairobi and elsewhere. The religions subsiding in Kenya do not display the distinctions between the 42 cultures. They mainly display the traditions of the larger "umbrella" cultures.

Baha'í Faith

Present in Kenya from 1945, in its brief history the religion grew to an estimated of 308,000 in 2005 or about 1% of the population. In the 1990s the Bahá'ís in Kenya participated in a nation-wide community health project including vaccinations, maintaining latrines and developing clean water sources.


  • History of the World's Religions (12th Edition), Noss S. David: ISBN 978-0136149842

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