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The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the Frenchmarker automaker Renault since 1995. It is offered in 3- and 5-door hatchback, saloon, coupé, convertible and station wagon bodystyles. The Renault Scénic (launched 1996) is the first modern compact MPV to be built in Europe , and is based on the Mégane floorpan.

Mégane I (1995-2002)

The Mégane I was unveiled in the autumn of 1995, as a replacement of the Renault 19. The car was essentially a reskin of its predecessor, and carried over the 19's floorpan, engines, transmissions and chassis design, albeit with much modification. Taking its name from a Renault concept car shown in 1988, the Mégane further developed the new corporate styling theme introduced by Patrick Le Quément on the Laguna, most notably the "bird-beak" front grille - a styling cue borrowed from the legendary Renault 16 of the 1960s. As with the 19 and the 11 before it, the Mégane was produced in Renault's Douaimarker plant in northern France, and in the Spanish plant of Palenciamarker.

Safety was a key focus of the Megane I, Renault's first car reflecting their new focus of selling on safety. It featured a pillar-mounted 3-point seatbelt for the middle-rear occupant (replacing the common 'lap strap'), standard front belt pre-tensioners and load limiters, driver's airbag and an impressive safety structure - a specification ahead of most rivals in 1995. Some features, such as the 3-point middle belt, had debuted on the Renault 19 safety concept vehicle (and in fact this feature entered production on the Renault Laguna before the Megane). The car also benefited from Renaults first "System for Restraint and Protection" (SRP), essentially a system of careful optimisation of occupant restraint by interaction of the seat, seatbelt, pretensioner, load limiter and airbag. Megane I achieved a best-in-class 4-star crash test rating in the 1998 round of testing by EURONCAP.

1997 saw the introduction of the Mégane Scénic compact MPV.

Power came from the Renault E-type ("Energy") engine in 1.4 L, 1.6 L, 1.8 L, and the F-type unit in both 1.9 L diesel and 2.0 L petrol form, although this time around there was a wider variety of 16-valve derivatives. A 1.9 L diesel engine in both normally aspirated and turbocharged forms was also available.

Renault also produced a limited number of Renault sport edition phase 1's with the Renaultsport bodywork, however these were very rare. The Renaultsport kit was available to purchase for a short time direct from Renault France, but has now been discontinued, thus their value has increased.

Mégane I Facelift (1999-2002)

1999-2002 Renault Megane


A mild facelift in 1999 gave the Mégane I a modified grille, more advanced safety features and upgraded equipment, and the 16-valve engines were used across the range. It is still being produced by Renault Argentinamarker, where it is sold alongside the Megane II line at a considerably lower price.

Mégane in Venezuela, Argentina and Colombia

In Venezuelamarker, the original Megane is still available since 2002, but now sold only as a sedan. It features the LA04 engine (16 valve, 1.6 liters and 110 HP), and is produced by both Renault Colombia and Argentina, in where it is one of the best-selling cars to date. It is a car with more advanced safety features, upgraded equipment and more. The Mégane I costs less than the Mégane II. Both remain available. Up until 2009, it was sold in Argentinamarker and Colombiamarker.

Engine options

Model Displacement (cc) Power Top Speed 0-100 km/h(s)
1.4 Eco 8v Mk 1 1390 14.5
1.4 8v Mk 1 1390 14.3
1.4 8v Mk 1 1390 13.8
1.4 16v Mk 1 1390 11.8
1.6 8v Mk 1 1598 11.5
1.6 16v Mk 1 1598 9.8
1.8 16v Mk 1 1783 9.0
2.0 8v Mk 1 1998 9.7
2.0 16v Mk 1 1998 8.7
2.0 16v IDE Mk 1 1998
1.9 8v D Mk 1 1870 16.5
1.9 8v D Mk 1 1870 17.9
1.9 8v dT Mk 1 1870 12.3
1.9 8v dTi Mk 1 1870 12.3
1.9 8v dTi Mk 1 1870 13.8
1.9 8v dCi Mk 1 1870 11.5
1.9 8v dCi Mk 1 1870 12.9


Mégane II (2002-2008)

Renault Mégane sedan (Mexico)
Megane's gauges.


The Mégane II was launched in September 2002, and marked a completely fresh start. The two cars bear very little resemblance, the new vehicle having been inspired by the manufacturer's new style first seen in the Avantime. The new Mégane was voted European Car of the Year for 2003, and achieved a 5-star safety rating in the EuroNCAP crash tests, the first small family car to do so.

Mégane II and the Laguna were both showcases for a great deal of innovative technologies Renault launched at the beginning of the 2000s; the Renault Card keyless ignition system, standard on the Mégane II, was a first in this class and has since been widely adopted. Similarly, the option of a panoramic glass sunroof is another area in which Renault led where others followed.

In Brazil, Renault launched a flex-fuel version, called "Hi-Flex", which is able to run either with unleaded gasoline (petrol) or ethanol. Like the Brazilian Scénic and Clio versions, the Mégane's engine can work with any mix of gasoline and ethanol, due to the use of an electronic control module. The flex version has a 16V 109 hp (110 PS) (113 hp (115 PS) with ethanol) 1.6-liter inline-four engine developed and produced in Brazil, but the 2.0-liter version does not allow ethanol use, because its engine is made in France.

As with the previous Mégane, the range of models is extremely wide; there is a three and five door hatchback available, named "Sport Hatch" and "Hatch" respectively, there is a 4-door saloon/sedan (Sport Saloon), a five-door estate (Sport Tourer / Grandtour), and to replace both the Mégane Coupe and Convertible, a new retractable hardtop.

Mégane RS

RenaultSport (RS) versions of the 3-door and 5-door hatchbacks were introduced, equipped with a turbocharged petrol 2.0 L 16v engine producing . Along with the engine, changes were made to the front and rear suspension geometry to improve handling, and the model features a deeper, wider front bumper. The Mégane Renault Sport competes in the hot hatch segment of the market.

Mégane CC

Renault Mégane CC
The Coupé-Cabriolet features an innovative folding glass roof mechanism built by Karmannmarker and has become a cult car in its own right, with several owners' clubs. Although up against increased competition from other volume manufacturers also launching their own CCs, the Mégane is still considered to be one of the most attractive, especially its elegant silhouette with the roof down.

Mégane II Facelift (2006-2008)

The model was revised in 2006, with changes in interior trim, specification levels and most notably, a new front nose. A new front suspension system borrowed from the Mégane 2.0 was adopted improving even more the driving performance of the Renault Mégane. Also, the Nissan Sentra B16 is based on the 2006 platform of the Renault Meganes bicorp. However, this Megane generation is still sold in Mexicomarker and other Latin American countries.

Engines

Model Displacement (cc) Power Top Speed 0-100 km/h(s)
1.4 16v Mk 2 1390 13.5
1.4 16v Mk 2 1390 12.5
1.6 16v Mk 2 1598 10.8
2.0 16v Mk 2 1998 9.6
2.0 16v Turbo Mk 2 1998 8.3
2.0 16v Turbo RenaultSport Mk 2 1998 6.5
1.5 8v dCi Mk 2 1461 14.3
1.5 8v dCi facelift Mk 2 1461 12.7
1.5 8v dCi Mk 2 1461 12.8
1.5 8v dCi facelift Mk 2 1461 11.1
1.9 8v dCi Mk 2 1870 10.5
1.9 8v dCi facelift Mk 2 1870 9.0
2.0 16v dCi facelift Mk 2 1995 8.7
2.0 16v dCi RenaultSport Mk 2 1995 8.5


Sales

During its first full year of sales, the Mégane II topped the French sales charts, with 198,874 registered in 2003. It has also sold very well in Britainmarker, being the nation's fourth most popular car in 2005 and fifth most popular in 2004 and 2006. In 2007, however, it dipped to eighth place with just over 55,000 examples being sold.

Mégane III (2008-present)

Renault Mégane III



The third generation of Mégane has been launched in late 2008 to keep the range competitive with newer rivals. It however lacks the distinctive hatchback acquired during its second generation.

In September 2008, it is presented officially, both, the Renault Mégane Berline 5-door hatchback & Mégane Coupé. The two models feature quite different design, the Coupé having a very aggressive and sportive design while the 5-door model is more consensual. In this generation, no automatic transmission is offered, replaced by a continuously variable transmission.

The phase I version of Megane II was well known for reliability issues, especially with the engine management system. Renault has now spent much more time and mileage testing the new model which is therefore expected to have improved reliability.

All-electric version

The electric version of the Mégane saloon that Renault is building will come with a lifetime warranty, and payment will follow the model established by the mobile-phone industry. After buying the car, owners will subscribe to a battery-replacement and charging plan based on their anticipated mileage. Recharging will be done at one of 500,000 spots that Project Better Place will build and maintain.

See also



Notes

  1. http://www.economicnews.ca/login.php?page=reportsDetails&newsid=38779&prevview=&view=details&country=Europe&plimit=0&category=European%20Economic%20Reports
  2. http://www.renault.com/renault_com/fr/images/16199%2016199_M%25C3%2589GANE_COUP%25C3%2589_CONCEPT_tcm1119-731268.pdf
  3. Error - LexisNexis® Publisher


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