Reserve is a village in
The population was 387 at the 2000 census
. It is the county seat of Catron
Currently the village has a hotel, several
stores and bars, and a health clinic. It is the site where Elfego Baca
held off a gang of Texan cowboys
who wanted to kill him for arresting cowboy
situated in the Gila National
Forest on the Arizona/New Mexico border. It is the county seat of Catron
County, the state's largest and least densely populated
The area includes ruins from the Mogollon
as well as petroglyphs
and historic Old
Catron became a county in 1921. It was named after a famous attorney and
political leader from Santa Fe, Thomas B.
In the 1860s, Mexican-Americans established a string of villages
along the river, naming them the Upper, Lower, and Middle San
Francisco Plazas. In the late 1870s Anglo
settlers began arriving. They renamed Upper Frisco Plaza as
Milligan's Plaza, naming it after a merchant and saloon
Milligan's Plaza was the site of the legendary Frisco Shootout
of Elfego Baca
. In 1882, or perhaps 1884, the
nineteen-year-old Baca apparently appointed himself deputy sheriff
and rode 130 miles from Socorro to the Plaza. There he set about
bringing justice to the Mexican-American community which had been
beset by drunken cowboys.
Outnumbered by 80 Texans, Baca holed up in a jacal, the flimsiest
kind of hut, and was besieged by the mob. Bullets and dynamite
could not dislodge him, and in a gun battle lasting 33 hours, he
inflicted death and grievous injury on some of his adversaries
without being injured himself.
Reserve is located at (33.708493, -108.760822) .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the village has a total area of
0.6 square miles
), all of it land.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 387
people, 177 households, and 103 families residing in the village.
The population density
people per square mile (266.8/km²). There were 238 housing units at
an average density of 428.2/sq mi (164.1/km²). The racial
makeup of the village was 80.10% White
, 0.52% African American
13.95% from other races
and 4.91% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 40.57% of the
There were 177 households out of which 25.4% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married
living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 39.0% of all
households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the village the population was spread out with 24.5% under the
age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45
to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $24,750, and
the median income for a family was $30,536. Males had a median
income of $30,833 versus $16,000 for females. The per capita income
for the village was
$14,612. About 14.2% of families and 17.8% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 22.6%
of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
The city is served by the Reserve Independent School
- Collier, H.P. (1936) San Francisco Plaza, Catron County:
Brief history. Workers Progress Administration. Retrieved
- French, Capt William: Recollections of a Western Ranchman
- " Contact Info." Reserve Independent School
District. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.