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Richard Keir Pethick Pankhurst OBE (born 3 December 1927) is a British academic with expertise in the study of Ethiopiamarker.

Earl life and education

Pankhurst was born in 1927 in Woodford Greenmarker to left communist and former suffragette Sylvia Pankhurst — already 45 years old — and Italian anarchist Silvo Corio. Sylvia later told a reporter for the British tabloid News of the World that her son was a "eugenic" baby, because he was born to two intelligent adults free from hereditary disease and untrammeled by social convention.

Pankhurst studied at Bancroft's Schoolmarker in Woodford, then at the London School of Economicsmarker, from which he received a doctorate in economic history, on which Harold Laski acted as an advisor.

Scholar of Ethiopia

Sylvia Pankhurst had been an active supporter of Ethiopian culture and independence since the fascist invasion in 1935, and Richard grew up knowing many Ethiopian refugees. Sylvia was a friend of Haile Selassie and published Ethiopia, a Cultural History in 1955. In 1956, she and Richard moved to Ethiopia. He began working at the University College of Addis Ababa, and in 1962 was the founding director of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies. He also edited the Journal of Ethiopian Studies and the Ethiopia Observer.

Pankhurst left the Institute and his professorship at what had become the University of Addis Ababa in 1976 after the death of Selassie and the start of the Ethiopian Civil War. He returned to England, where he became a research fellow with the School of Oriental and African Studiesmarker and the London School of Economicsmarker, before working as librarian at the Royal Asiatic Society. He returned to Ethiopia in 1986, where he resumed research with the Institute.

Pankhurst led the campaign for the return of the Obelisk of Axum to Ethiopia. It was re-erected in Axummarker in 2008. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the Diplomatic Service and Overseas section of the 2004 Queen's Birthday Honours "for services to Ethiopian studies". Pankhurst has recently been criticised for aligning Ethiopian evidence to satisfy the Old Testament "maximalist" camp and ignoring the lack of pre-586 B.C.E. archaeological findings in Palestine [Leeman 2009:19].


In addition to his numerous books on Ethiopia, Pankhurst has written works on his mother, including Sylvia Pankhurst: Artist and Crusader and Sylvia Pankhurst: Counsel for Ethiopia.

Pankhurst, is married and has a son, Alula, with whom Pankhurst has collaborated on at least one book.


  1. " Sylvia Pankhurst", Workers Liberty 58
  2. Michela Wrong, I didn't do it for you: How the world betrayed a small African nation (New York: Harper-Perennial, 2006), p. 120. Wrong later in the same chapter observes that Pankhurst "only became aware of this quirky claim to fame when he had emerged from childhood and was thankfully immune to teasing" (p. 138).
  3. The Pankhurst Family,
  4. Indrias Getachew, Dr. Richard Pankhurst — Historian, Race and History
  5. Close and Personal: Interview with Dr. Richard Pankhurst, Senamirmir

External links

  • Leeman, Bernard [2009] "The Sabaean Inscriptions at Adi Kaweh - evidence supporting the narrative of the Sheba-Menelik Cycle of the Kebra Nagast" African Studies Association of Australasia and Pacific Conference, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia, Friday 2 October 2009
  • "A Bibliography of the Published Writings of Richard Pankhurst", compiled by Rita Pankhurst

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