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Richmond Alexander Lattimore (May 6, 1906 - February 26, 1984) was an Americanmarker poet and translator known for his translations of the Greekmarker classics, especially his versions of the Iliad and Odyssey, which are generally considered as among the best English translations available.

Born to David and Margaret Barnes Lattimore in Paotingfumarker, Chinamarker, he graduated from Dartmouth Collegemarker in 1926. His brother Owen Lattimore was a Sinologist who was blacklisted for his association with China during the McCarthy era, but subsequently rehabilitated when none of the charges against him proved to be true. Richmond was a Rhodes Scholar at Christ Churchmarker, Oxfordmarker and received his B.A. in 1932, then received a Ph.D. from the University of Illinoismarker in 1934. He joined the Department of Greek at Bryn Mawr Collegemarker the following year, and married Alice Bockstahler, with whom he later had two sons, Steven and Alexander. From 1943 to 1946, Lattimore was absent from his professorial post to serve in the United States Navy, but returned after the war to remain at Bryn Mawr Collegemarker, with periodic visiting positions at other universities, until his retirement in 1971. He continued to publish poems and translations for the remainder of his life, with two poems appearing in print posthumously.

He translated the Revelation of John in 1962. A 1979 edition by McGraw-Hill Ryerson included the four Gospels. Lattimore completed translating the New Testament, which was published posthumously in 1996 with the title The New Testament.

Lattimore was a Fellow of the Academy of American Poets, and a member of Phi Beta Kappa, the National Institute of Arts and Letters, the American Academy of Arts and Sciencesmarker, the American Philosophical Societymarker, the American Philological Association, and the Archaeological Institute of America, as well as a Fellow of the American Academy at Rome and an Honorary Student at Christ Church, Oxford.

Lattimore's translation of Aristophanes' The Frogs won the Bollingen Poetry Translation Prize in 1962.

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