River Eden is a river that
flows through Cumbria, England on
its way to the Solway
Course of river
rises in Black Fell Moss, Mallerstang, on the high ground between High Seat,
Yorkshire Dales and Hugh
Here it forms the boundary between the
counties of Cumbria and North
. Two other great rivers arise in the same peat
bogs here, within a kilometre of each other: the River Swale and River
It starts life as Red Gill Beck
, then becomes Hell Gill Beck, before
turning north and joining with Ais Gill Beck to become the River
Eden. (Hell Gill Force, just before it meets Ais Gill Beck, is the
highest waterfall along its journey to the sea).
steep-sided dale of Mallerstang later opens out to become the Vale of Eden. The river flows through Kirkby Stephen and Appleby-in-Westmorland, and receives the water of many becks flowing off
the Pennines to the east, and longer rivers
from the Lakes off to the west, including the River Lyvennet, River
Leith and River
Eamont, which arrives via Ullswater and Penrith.
north, it passes close to the ancient stone
circle known as Long Meg and Her Daughters and through the sparsely populated beef and dairy
farming regions of the vale of Cumbria on the Solway Plain. After flowing through
Wetheral it merges with the River Irthing from the east, followed by the River Petteril and River
Caldew from the south, as it winds through Carlisle.
junction with the River Caldew in north Carlisle marks the point
Wall crosses the Eden, only five miles before both reach
their end at the tidal flats.
It enters the Solway Firth
near the mouth of the River
after a total distance of 90 miles (145 km).
The river was known to the Romans
, as recorded by the Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus
(Ptolemy) in the 2nd
century AD. This name derives from the Celtic
word ituna, meaning water