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River Wyre: Map

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The Upper River Wyre.


The River Wyre is a river in Lancashiremarker, Englandmarker, which flows into the Irish Seamarker at Fleetwoodmarker. It is approximately 28 miles (45 km) in length. The river is a County Biological Heritage Site.

Geography



The river rises in the Forest of Bowland in central Lancashire, as two distinct tributaries, the Tarnbrook Wyre and the Marshaw Wyre, whose confluence is near the village of Abbeysteadmarker. A pumping station was built just below below the confluence as part of a water transfer scheme in the 1980s. During a site visit by villagers from nearby St Michael's On Wyremarker in 1984, a major explosion caused by a buildup of naturally occurring methane gas occurred. 16 people were killed and a further 22 were injured.

From Abbeystead, the river flows south through Dolphinholmemarker and Garstangmarker to Catterallmarker where it meets its first major tributary, the River Caldermarker. The river then turns westwards, flowing through St Michael's On Wyremarker where it is joined by its second major tributary, the River Brockmarker. It becomes tidal near Little Ecclestonmarker.

It is crossed by a toll bridge (normal fee is 40 pence) at Cartford, between Little Ecclestonmarker and Out Rawcliffemarker. A former toll bridge, Shard Bridgemarker, close to Poulton-le-Fyldemarker, has been rebuilt and is now free. The Lancaster Canalmarker crosses on a small aqueduct at Garstangmarker. A pedestrian ferry runs between Fleetwoodmarker and Knott Endmarker but the ferry to the Isle of Manmarker no longer runs.

Major industry exists at the former ICI site at Burn Naze, close to the estuary of the river. Originally an alkali works taking brine from mines and wellsmarker across the river in and around Preesallmarker. Later processes undertaken on the site included those dealing with Vinyl Chloride Monomer, although this was later moved to Runcornmarker and ICI activity on the site wound up. Industrial activity by a number of various companies continues by the river, albeit on a much reduced scale.

The area around Burn Naze on the western side of the Wyre Estuary was formerly known as Bergerode, believed to be an Old English term for "shallow harbour", beor grade.

Fleetwoodmarker at the mouth of the river was a major fishing port up until the latter part of the 20th century. Wyre Dock was built there between 1869 and 1877. With the decline in the size of the fleet, most of the dock complex has subsequently been converted to a marina and the adjacent "Freeport" shopping village.

The river drains a total catchment area of approximately 175 square miles (450 km²). The tidal portion of the river below Cartford Bridge drains a catchment area of approximately 125 square miles (320 km²).

The Wyre is reputedly the longest river in England whose estuary can be seen from its source.

Image:England and Scotland 015.jpg|Looking northnorthwest from Stanah to the mouth of the River Wyre at FleetwoodmarkerImage:England and Scotland 016.jpg|Looking northeast across the Wyre to Over WyremarkerImage:England and Scotland 017.jpg|...and east to Wardley's Creek in Hambletonmarker

Settlements

River Wyre



Marshaw Wyre



Tarnbrook Wyre



Tributaries

River Wyre

  • Hillylaid Pool
  • Wardley's Pool
  • Peg's Pool
  • Skippool Creek
  • Calder Brook
  • Wall Mill Pool
    • Thistleton Brook
      • Medlar Brook
      • Scholar Brook
  • River Brockmarker
    • Yoad Pool
    • New Draught
      • Old River Brock
        • Bacchus Brook
        • Bull Brook
      • Withney Dike
      • Woodplumpton Brook
        • Swill Brook
        • Blundel Brook
      • New Mill Brook
        • Barton Brook
          • Dean Brook
          • Sparling Brook
            • Factory Brook
          • Westfield Brook
            • Mill Brook
              • Whinnyclough Brook
                • Bullsnape Brook
    • Lickhurst Brook
    • Huds Brook
    • Winsnape Brook
    • Clough Heads Brook
  • Longback Brook
  • Ains Pool
  • River Caldermarker
    • Little Calder River
    • Nanny Brook
    • Calder Dyke
    • East Grain
    • North Grain
  • Parkhead Brook
  • Grizedale Brook
    • Oxen Beck
  • Tithe Barn Brook
  • Park Brook
  • Foxhouses Brook
    • Lordshouse Brook
  • Street Brook
  • Damas Gill
  • Sparrow Gill
  • Caw Brook
    • Smithy Beck
  • Gallows Clough
  • Hall Gill
  • Parson's Brook
    • Joshua's Beck
  • Cam Brook
  • Lainsley Slack


Marshaw Wyre

  • Marshaw Wyre
    • Inchaclough
    • White Syke
    • Bull Beck
    • Well Brook
      • Meer Brook
    • Black Clough
      • Tail Clough
    • Trough Brook
    • Threapshaw Clough


Tarnbrook Wyre

  • Tarnbrook Wyre
    • River Grizedalemarker
      • Castle Syke
      • Grizedale Brook
        • Lower Within Syke
        • Higher Within Syke
    • Wood Syke
      • Stick Close Beck
    • Thorn Clough
    • Fall Clough
    • Tarn Syke
      • Thrush Clough
    • Higher Syke
    • Delph Beck
      • White Moor Clough
      • Swine Clough
      • Deer Clough
    • Small Clough
    • Gavells Clough
    • Hare Syke


Notes




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