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Robert Anton Wilson (born Robert Edward Wilson, January 18, 1932 – January 11, 2007), the Americanmarker author of 35 influential books, became, at various times, a novelist, essayist, philosopher, futurist, polymath, psychonaut, libertarian and self-described agnostic mystic. Recognized as an Episkopos, Pope, and Saint of Discordianism by Discordians who care to label him as such, Wilson helped publicize the group/religion/melee through his writings, interviews, and strolls.

Wilson described his work as an "attempt to break down conditioned associations, to look at the world in a new way, with many models recognized as models or maps, and no one model elevated to the truth."

"My goal is to try to get people into a state of generalized agnosticism, not agnosticism about God alone but agnosticism about everything."

Early life

Wilson, born Robert Edward Wilson in Methodist Hospital, in Brooklynmarker, New Yorkmarker, spent his first years in Flatbush, and moved with his family to Gerritsen Beach around the age of 4 or 5, where they stayed until he turned 13. He suffered from polio as a child, and found generally effective treatment with the Kenny Method (created by Elizabeth Kenny) which the American Medical Association repudiated at that time. Polio's effects remained with Wilson throughout his life, usually manifesting as minor muscle spasms causing him to use a cane occasionally until 2000, when he experienced a major bout with post-polio syndrome that would continue until his death.

Wilson attended Catholic grammar school, most likely the school associated with Gerritsen Beach's Resurrection Church. He attended Brooklyn Technical High Schoolmarker to remove himself from the Catholic influence. While working as an ambulance driver Wilson attended New York Universitymarker, studying engineering and mathematics.

He worked as an engineering aide, salesman, a copywriter, and as associate editor of Playboy magazine from 1965 to 1971. Wilson adopted his maternal grandfather's name, Anton, for his writings, at first telling himself that he would save the "Edward" for when he wrote the Great American Novel and later finding that "Robert Anton Wilson" had become an established identity.

In 1979 he received a Ph.D. in psychology from Paideia University in California, an unaccredited institution that has since closed. Wilson reworked his dissertation, and it found publication in 1983 as Prometheus Rising.

Wilson married freelance writer and poet Arlen Riley in 1958; they had four children. Their youngest daughter Luna--beaten to death in an apparent robbery in the store where she worked in 1976 at the age of 15--became the first person to have her brain preserved by the Bay Area Cryonics Society. Arlen Riley Wilson died in 1999 following a series of strokes.

The Illuminatus! Trilogy

The Eye in the Pyramid, first volume of the first edition of Illuminatus!, 1975

Among Wilson's 35 books, and many other works, perhaps his best-known volumes remain the cult classic series The Illuminatus! Trilogy (1975), co-authored with Robert Shea. Advertised as "a fairy tale for paranoids," the three books--The Eye in the Pyramid, The Golden Apple, and Leviathan, soon offered as a single volume--philosophically and humorously examined, among many other themes, occult and magical symbolism and history, the counterculture of the 1960s, secret societies, data concerning author H.P. Lovecraft and author and occultist Aleister Crowley, and American paranoia about conspiracies.

Wilson and Shea derived much of the odder material from letters sent to Playboy magazine while they worked as the editors of the Playboy Forum. The books mixed true information with imaginative fiction to engage the reader in what Wilson called "guerilla ontology" which he apparently referred to as "Operation Mindfuck" in Illuminatus! The trilogy also outlined a set of libertarian and anarchist axioms known as Celine's Laws (named after Hagbard Celine, a character in Illuminatus!),concepts Wilson revisited several times in other writings.

Among the many subplots of Illuminatus! one addresses biological warfare and the overriding of the United States Bill of Rights, another gives a detailed account of the John F. Kennedy assassinationmarker, in which no fewer than five snipers, all working for different causes, prepared to shoot Kennedy in Dallas, Texasmarker, and the book's climax occurs at a rock concert where the audience collectively face the danger of becoming a mass human sacrifice.

Illuminatus popularized Discordianism and the use of the term "fnord." It incorporated experimental prose styles influenced by writers such as William S. Burroughs, James Joyce, and Ezra Pound. Although Shea and Wilson never partnered on such a scale again, Wilson continued to expand upon the themes of the Illuminatus! books throughout his writing career. Most of his later fiction contains cross-over characters from "The Sex Magicians" (Wilson's first novel, written before the release of Illuminatus!, which includes many of his same characters) and The Illuminatus! Trilogy.

Illuminatus! won the Prometheus Hall of Fame award for science fiction in 1986, has many international editons, and found adaptation for the stage when Ken Campbell produced it as a ten-hour epic drama. It also appeared as a Steve Jackson role-playing card game called Illuminati and a trading-card game called Illuminati: New World Order. Eye N Apple Productions and Rip Off Press produced a comic book version of the trilogy.

The Schrodinger's Cat Trilogy, The Historical Illuminatus Chronicles, and Masks of the Illuminati

Wilson wrote two more popular fiction series. The first, a trilogy later published as a single volume, Schrodinger's Cat. The second, The Historical Illuminatus Chronicles, appeared as three books. In between publishing the two trilogies Wilson released a stand-alone novel, Masks of the Illuminati (1981), which fits into, due to the main character's ancestory, The Historical Illuminatus Chronicles' timeline and, while published earlier, could qualify for the fourth volume in that series.

Schrodinger's Cat consists of three volumes, each of which could stand alone: The Universe Next Door, The Trick Top Hat, and The Homing Pigeons. Yet when taken together the reader sees, due to Wilson's use of setting the three books in differing alternative universes, that most of the characters remain almost the same but may have slightly different names and different careers and background stories. The books cover the fields of quantum mechanics and the varied philosophies and explanations that exist within the science. The single volume describes itself as a magical textbook and a type of initiation, and implies that some people have gone slightly insane just by reading it. The single-volume edition omits many entire pages and has many other ommissions when compared with the original separate books.

The Historical Illuminatus Chronicles, composed of The Earth Will Shake (1982), The Widow's Son (1985), and Nature's God (1991), follows the timelines of several characters through different generations, time periods, and countries. The books cover, among many other topics, the history, legacy, and rituals of the Illuminati and related groups.

Other Books, Essays, Plays and Screenplays

Wilson wrote a play called Wilhelm Reich in Hell (1987), later performed at the Edmund Burke Theatre in Dublinmarker. He wrote and published two screenplays, not yet produced: Reality Is What You Can Get Away With: an Illustrated Screenplay (1992) and The Walls Came Tumbling Down (1997).

In the nonfiction and partly autobiographical Cosmic Trigger I: The Final Secret of the Illuminati (1977) and its two sequels, as well as in many other works, Wilson examined Freemasons, Discordianism, Sufism, the Illuminati, Futurology, Zen Buddhism, Dennis and Terence McKenna, Jack Parsons, the occult practices of Aleister Crowley and G.I. Gurdjieff, Yoga, and many other esoteric or counterculture philosophies, personalities, and occurrences.
Wilson advocated Timothy Leary's eight circuit model of consciousness and neurosomatic/linguistic engineering, which he wrote about in many books including Prometheus Rising (1983, revised 1997) and again in 1990 with Quantum Psychology (which contain practical techniques intended to help one break free of one's "reality tunnels"). With Leary, he helped promote the futurist ideas of space migration, intelligence increase, and life extension, which they combined to form the word symbol SMI²LE.

Wilson's 1986 book, The New Inquisition, argues that whatever reality consists of it actually would seem much weirder than we commonly imagine. It cites, among other sources,Bell's theorem and Alain Aspect's experimental proof of Bell's to suggest that mainstream science has a strong materialist bias, and that in fact modern physics may have already disproved materialist metaphysics.

Wilson also supported the work and utopian theories of Buckminster Fuller and examined the theories of Charles Fort. He and Loren Coleman became friends, as he did with media theorist Marshall McLuhan and Neuro Linguistic Programming co-founder Richard Bandler, with whom he taught workshops. He also admired James Joyce, and wrote extensive commentaries on the author and on two of Joyce's novels, Finnegans Wake and Ulysses, in his 1988 book Coincidance.

Ironically, although Wilson often lampooned and criticized some but not all New Age beliefs, bookstores specializing in New Age material often sell his books. Wilson, a well-known author in occult and Neo-Pagan circles, used Aleister Crowley as a main character in his 1981 novel Masks of the Illuminati, included some elements of H. P. Lovecraft's work in his novels, and at times claimed to have perceived encounters with magical "entities" (when asked whether these entities seemed "real", he answered they seemed "real enough," although "not as real as the IRS" but "easier to get rid of", and later decided that his experiences may have emerged from "just my right brain hemisphere talking to my left"). ). He warned against beginners using occult practice, since to rush into such practices and the resulting "energies" they unleash could lead people to "go totally nuts."

Wilson also criticized scientific types with overly rigid belief systems, equating them with religious fundamentalists in their fanaticism. In a 1988 interview, when asked about his newly-published book The New Inquisition: Irrational Rationalism and the Citadel of Science, Wilson commented: "I coined the term irrational rationalism because those people claim to be rationalists, but they're governed by such a heavy body of taboos. They're so fearful, and so hostile, and so narrow, and frightened, and uptight and dogmatic... I wrote this book because I got tired satirizing fundamentalist Christianity... I decided to satirize fundamentalist materialism for a change, because the two are equally comical... The materialist fundamentalists are funnier than the Christian fundamentalists, because they think they're rational! ...They're never skeptical about anything except the things they have a prejudice against. None of them ever says anything skeptical about the AMA, or about anything in establishment science or any entrenched dogma. They're only skeptical about new ideas that frighten them. They're actually dogmatically committed to what they were taught when they were in college..."

Maybe Logic

In a 2003 interview with High Times magazine, Wilson described himself as a "Model Agnostic" which he says "consists of never regarding any model or map of the universe with total 100% belief or total 100% denial. Following Korzybski, I put things in probabilities, not absolutes... My only originality lies in applying this zetetic attitude outside the hardest of the hard sciences, physics, to softer sciences and then to non-sciences like politics, ideology, jury verdicts and, of course, conspiracy theory."

More simply, Wilson claimed "not to believe anything", since "belief is the death of intelligence." He described his approach as "Maybe Logic."

Wilson wrote about this and other topics in articles for the seminal cyberpunk magazine Mondo 2000.

While he primarily published under the name Robert Anton Wilson, he also used various pen names associated with the Bavarian Illuminati, which he allegedly revived in the 1960s.

Other activities

Robert Anton Wilson and his wife Arlen Riley Wilson founded the Institute for the Study of the Human Future in 1975.

In 1976 Robert Anton Wilson founded the Starflight Network , a society to propagate the philosophy of Dr. Timothy Leary. The group met at Wilson's home in Berkeley, Californiamarker . Discussions at the group centered on how to practically implement the futurist ideas of space migration, intelligence increase, and life extension (SMI²LE)--the three central concepts of Leary's philosophy . Activities of the group included setting up and manning tables to sell Leary's and Wilson's books at Star Trek conventions and distributing a chart called The Periodic Table of Evolution (by Leary) and a diagram by Wilson called "The Octave of Energy", both summaries of the eight circuit model of consciousness .

From 1982 until his death, Wilson had a business relationship with the Association for Consciousness Exploration, which hosted his first on-stage dialogue with his long-time friend Timothy Leary. entitled The Inner Frontier. Wilson dedicated his book The New Inquisition to A.C.E.'s co-directors, Jeff Rosenbaum and Joseph Rothenberg.

Wilson also joined the Church of the SubGenius, who referred to him as Pope Bob. He contributed to their literature, including the book Three-Fisted Tales of "Bob", and shared a stage with their founder, Rev. Ivan Stang, on several occasions. Wilson also founded the Guns and Dope Party and its corresponding Burning Manmarker theme camp.

As a member of the Board of Advisors of the Fully Informed Jury Association, Wilson worked to inform the public about jury nullification, the right of jurors to nullify a law they deem unjust. He supported and wrote about E-Prime, a form of English lacking all "be" verbs (words such as "is", "are", "was", "were" etc.), and preferred the term "maybe logic".

Wilson coined a new word, sombunall (some but not all), which caught on quite well to sumbunevry1. In response, he coined another word, mosbunall (as in "mosbunall humans wouldn't know an awesome new word if it bit them in the ass."). This word caught on even less.

A decades-long researcher into drugs and a strong opponent of what he called "the war on some drugs", Wilson participated as a Special Guest in the weeklong 1999 Annual Cannabis Cup in Amsterdammarker, and used and often promoted the use of medical marijuana.

Wilson co-founded and became the primary instructor of the Maybe Logic Academy, named for his agnostic approach to all knowledge. Fellow instructors include Patricia Monaghan, Rev. Ivan Stang, Philip H. Farber, Antero Alli, Peter J. Carroll, Starhawk, R. U. Sirius, Douglas Rushkoff, Lon Milo Duquette, and David Jay Brown.


On June 22, 2006, Huffington Post blogger Paul Krassner reported that Robert Anton Wilson was under hospice care at home with friends and family. On October 2, 2006 Douglas Rushkoff reported that Wilson was in severe financial trouble. Slashdot, Boing Boing, and the Church of the SubGenius also picked up on the story, linking to Rushkoff's appeal. As his webpage reported on October 10, these efforts succeeded beyond expectation and raised a sum which would have supported him for at least six months. Obviously touched by the great outpouring of support, on October 5, 2006, Wilson left the following comment on his personal website, expressing his gratitude:

Dear Friends, my God, what can I say. I am dumbfounded, flabbergasted, and totally stunned by the charity and compassion that has poured in here the last three days.

To steal from Jack Benny, "I do not deserve this, but I also have severe leg problems and I don't deserve them either."

Because he was a kind man as well as a funny one, Benny was beloved. I find it hard to believe that I am equally beloved and especially that I deserve such love.

Whoever you are, wherever you are, know that my love is with you.

You have all reminded me that despite George W. Bush and all his cohorts, there is still a lot of beautiful kindness in the world.


Robert Anton Wilson

On January 6, Wilson wrote on his blog that according to several medical authorities, he would likely only have between two days and two months left to live. He closed this message with "I look forward without dogmatic optimism but without dread. I love you all and I deeply implore you to keep the lasagna flying. Please pardon my levity, I don't see how to take death seriously. It seems absurd." He passed on peacefully five days later, on January 11 at 4:50 a.m. Pacific time. After his cremation on January 18, and his family-held memorial service on February 18, 2007, his family scattered most of his ashes at the same spot as his wife's - off the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalkmarker in Santa Cruz, Californiamarker.

A tribute show to Wilson, organized by Coldcut and Mixmaster Morris and performed in London as a part of the "Ether 07 Festival" held at the Queen Elizabeth Hallmarker on March 18, 2007, also included Ken Campbell, Bill Drummond and Alan Moore.

Works by Robert Anton Wilson



Autobiographical and Philosophical trilogy

  • Cosmic Trigger
    • The Final Secret of the Illuminati (1977)
    • Down To Earth (1992)
    • My Life After Death (1995)

Plays and Screenplays




  • A Meeting with Robert Anton Wilson (ACE) cassette
  • Religion for the Hell of It (ACE) cassette
  • H.O.M.E.s on LaGrange (ACE) cassette
  • The New Inquisition (ACE) cassette
  • The H.E.A.D. Revolution (ACE) cassette and CD
  • Prometheus Rising (ACE) cassette
  • The Inner Frontier (with Timothy Leary) (ACE) cassette
  • The Magickal Movement: Present & Future (with Margot Adler, Isaac Bonewits & Selena Fox) (ACE) Panel Discussion - cassette
  • Magick Changing the World, the World Changing Magick (ACE) Panel Discussion - cassette
  • The Self in Transformation (ACE) Panel Discussion - cassette
  • The Once & Future Legend (with Ivan Stang, Robert Shea and others) (ACE) Panel Discussion - cassette
  • What IS the Conspiracy, Anyway? (ACE) Panel Discussion - cassette
  • The Chocolate-Biscuit Conspiracy music cassette with The Golden Horde (1984)
  • Twelve Eggs in a Basket CD
  • Robert Anton Wilson On Finnegans Wake and Joseph Campbell (interview by Faustin Bray and Brian Wallace) (1988) 2 CD Set Sound Photosynthesis ASIN: B000BJSF66
  • Acceleration of Knowledge (1991) cassette
  • Secrets of Power comedy cassette
  • Robert Anton Wilson Explains Everything: or Old Bob Exposes His Ignorance (July 30, 2005) Sounds True ISBN 1591793750, ISBN 978-1591793755



  • Túneis da Realidade, Os (a.k.a. Who Is the Master Who Makes the Grass Green?) (1996) Edgar Pêra (Portugal)
  • Manual de Evasão (September 16, 1994) Edgar Pêra (Portugal)


  • Wilhelm Reich in Hell (2005) (Video) Deepleaf Productions

Appearing as himself

  • Children of the Revolution: Tune Back In (2005) Revolutionary Child Productions
  • The Gospel According to Philip K. Dick (2001) TKO Productions
  • 23 (1998) (23 - Nichts ist so wie es scheint) Claussen & Wöbke Filmproduktion GmbH (Germany)
  • Arise! The SubGenius Video (1992) (V) (a.k.a. Arise! SubGenius Recruitment Film #16) The SubGenius Foundation (USA)
  • Borders (1989) Co-Directions Inc. (TV documentary)
  • Fear In The Night: Demons, Incest and UFOs (1993) Video - Trajectories
  • Twelve Eggs in a Box: Myth, Ritual and the Jury System (1994) Video - Trajectories
  • Everything Is Under Control: Robert Anton Wilson in Interview (1998) Video - Trajectories


  • Maybe Logic: The Lives and Ideas of Robert Anton Wilson, a documentary featuring selections from over 25 years of Wilson footage, released on DVD in North America on May 30, 2006.

Inspired works

  • The Australian Psytrance artist Hedonix released an album entitled "Order out of Chaos" in 2009 which is dedicated to Robert Anton Wilson.

See also


  2. Patricia Monaghan: "Robert Anton Wilson". Booklist, May 15, 1999 v95 i18 p1680
  3. "Robert Anton Wilson". Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2007. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2007
  4. "Robert Anton Wilson." St. James Guide to Science Fiction Writers, 4th ed. St. James Press, 1996. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan.: Thomson Gale. 2007.
  5. Martin van der Werf: "Lawsuit U." The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 4, 2006
  6. Patricia Luna Wilson at
  7. Robert Anton Wilson obituary mentioning Arlen's death
  8. The Beltane Celebration
  9. "The author of 35 books on subjects like extrasensory perception, mental telepathy, metaphysics, paranormal experiences, conspiracy theory, sex, drugs and what he called quantum psychology..." New York Times obituary.
  10. " author of The Illuminatus! Trilogy -- a mind-twisting science-fiction series about a secret global society that has been a cult classic for more than 30 years..." from "Robert Anton Wilson, 74; Wrote Mind-Twisting Novels"; [Obituary (Obit)] Dennis Hevesi. New York Times. (Late Edition (East Coast)). New York, N.Y.: Jan 13, 2007. pg. A.16
  11. "The Illuminatus saga stumbles along" by Robert Anton Wilson
  12. Conspiracy Digest Interviews printed in Illuminatus Papers, 1980
  13. 23 Skidoo Cryptomundo
  14. ISBN 1-56964-801-8
  15. "Robert Anton Wilson". Robert Anton Wilson Explains Eveything. 2000
  16. 1988 interview
  17. Krassner, Paul. A Paul Krassner Interview With R. A. W - High Times, March 2003 issue.
  18. Wilson, Robert Anton. Cosmic Trigger: Volume I. Tempe, Arizona. New Falcon Publications. 1977. pg ii.
  19. "CybeRevolution Montage", Mondo 2000 no. 7, 1989
  20. A copy of the chart The Periodic Table of Evolution, published in Leary's book Info-Psychology, New Falcon Publications. ISBN 1-56184-105-6
  21. Lesie, Michele (1989) "High Priest of LSD To Drop In", The Plain Dealer
  22. Local Group Hosts Dr. Timothy Leary by Will Allison (The Observer Fri. Sept. 29th, 1989)
  23. Two 60s Cult Heroes, on the Eve of the 80s by James Neff (Cleveland Plain Dealer October 30, 1979)
  24. Timothy Leary: An LSD Cowboy Turns Cosmic Comic by Frank Kuznik (Cleveland Magazine November 1979)
  25. Winterstar 2001
  26. Interview of Robert Anton Wilson, (conducted August 1997) Paradigm Shift, Vol. 1 No. 1 (July 1998), accessed January 11, 2007
  27. Andrea Shapiro: "Taking the High Road". Santa Fe New Mexican, December 5, 2003
  28. []
  29. Paul Krassner: "The High Life", LA Weekly, December 17, 1999
  30. "In Santa Cruz, an Official Handout of Medicinal Pot." Los Angeles Times, September 18, 2002.
  31. Robert Anton Wilson The Huffington Post
  32. Robert Anton Wilson Needs Our Help
  33. Illumninatus! Author Needs Our Help Slashdot
  34. Robert Anton Wilson needs our Help BoingBoing
  35. Robert Anton Wilson Home Page
  36. Do Not Go Gently Into That Good Night
  37. RAW Essence
  38. RAW Data: Robert Anton Wilson Cosmic Meme-Orial
  39. YouTube - Robert Anton Wilson Meme-orial Procession
  40. Maybe Logic

External links

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