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Robert Baker (April 1862 – June 15, 1943) was a U.S. Representative from New Yorkmarker.

Born at Bury St. Edmunds, England, in April 1862, Baker attended the common schools. He immigrated to the United States in 1882 and settled in Albany, New Yorkmarker, moving to Brooklyn, New Yorkmarker, in 1889. After an unfortunate experience at the hands of a doctor, he became a Christian Scientist. A prominent reformer and follower of the single tax theories of Henry George, he was a founding member of the Citizens Union in 1897, and ran unsuccessfully for election to the State assembly in 1894 and auditor of New York City in 1902.

Baker was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1903-March 3, 1905). His single term is office was marked with controversy as Baker stayed true to his reformist philosophy, and quickly earned the nickname "No Pass" Baker for declining the free railroad passes that were then regularly handed out to legislators by the B & O Railroad. A pacifist, he introduced legislation to disband the United States Military Academy at West Pointmarker and another motion condemming the "Bloody Sunday" massacre in St. Petersburg, Russia.

A figure of frequent ridicule in the Brooklyn press, he was unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1904 to the Fifty-ninth Congress and was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1906 to the Sixtieth Congress in the heavily Republican Sixth Congressional District in Brooklyn. He was apponted secretary of the New York City Department of Docks and Ferries in 1906, but left that position after three days when John Bensel, Commissioner of the Department of Docks and Ferries, indicated that Baker would be prohibited from public speaking in his new job.

Later in life he reversed his pacifist philosophy, and became a strong proponent of war with Nazi Germany, writing poems and letters to the Brooklyn Eagle in support of the cause. He engaged in stone paving and in the general real-estate business in Brooklyn, New Yorkmarker, until his death there on June 15, 1943. He was interred in Brooklyn's Evergreen Cemetery, where his grave is unmarked.


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