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Robert Havemann.
Robert Havemann (11 March 1910, Munichmarker9 April 1982) was a chemist, and an East Germanmarker dissident.

He studied chemistry in Berlinmarker and Munichmarker from 1929 to 1933, and then later received a doctorate in physical chemistry from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute.

Havemann joined the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in 1932 and worked for the resistance until his arrest by the Gestapomarker in 1943. He received a death sentence, but due to his knowledge he was instead forced to do research while in jail.

After the war, he became head of administration in the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for physical Chemistry and Elektrochemistry in Berlin, but in 1948 he was dismissed from this position due to political pressure from the American authorities in West Berlin. He continued his scientific work in the institute until he got barred from his laboratory in January 1950.

He then became a professor of physical chemistry at the Humboldt Universitymarker in East Berlin. He became a member of the Volkskammer in 1950 and won one of the GDRmarker's national prizes in 1959.

In 1963 he lectured on 'Scientific Aspects of Philosophical Problems' (published as 'Dialectic without Dogmatism—Natural Sciences against Communistic Ideology') and was expelled from the ruling Socialist Unity Party and dismissed from the University—officially because he gave an interview to a newspaper from West Germany.

His son Florian Havemann (born 12 January 1952 in East Berlin) fled to West Germanymarker in 1971.

He continued his work as a socialist critic and was put under house arrest in 1976, at his home in the village of Grünheidemarker. This continued until his death in 1982, after a long time suffering from lung disease.

In 1989 he was politically rehabilitated by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.

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