Rochford is a small town in
district of Essex in the East of England. It is sited about 43
miles (69.2 km) from Central London
and approximately 21 miles (33.8 km) from the Essex county town, Chelmsford. According to the 2001 census the civil parish of Rochford, which includes the
town proper, Stroud Green, and London Southend Airport, had a population of 7,610.
The town is the main settlement in the Rochford district, and takes
its name from Rochefort, Old English for Ford of the Hunting Dogs.
The River Roach was originally called the Walfleet (Creek of the
foreigners). It was renamed the Roach in what is known as a back
formation. This is where it is assumed that Rochford means ford
over the River Roach so they renamed the river to fit the theory.
runs into suburban developments in the parishes of Ashingdon and Hawkwell.
First world war
currently occupied by Southend Airport was used as a fighter station in World War I.
The site was founded in the
autumn of 1914 when farmland between Westbarrow Hall and the Great
Eastern railway line at Warners Bridge 2½ miles north of Southend
Pier was acquired for RFC training purposes. Training continued
until May 1915 when the site, known also as Eastwood, was taken
over by the RNAS to become a Flight Station (night) in the fight
against intruding Zeppelins. After the last RNAS action from here
on it became once again RFC Rochford. Initially it was defined as a
Home Defence night landing ground but in September was reclassified
as a Flight Station (night). Normal Home Defence duties continued
until after the Armistice when a run-down of unit activities began,
with No.198 Sqn disbanding in May and No.61 in June 1919. Except
for the occasional civilian flights aviation lessened, even more so
when the station closed in 1920 and the site returned to
Second world war
During World War II
was requisitioned by the Air ministry in August 1939 for use as a
fighter airfield for the No.11 Group
. Rochford was a satellite station for RAF Hornchurch and
was primarily a fighter base, home mainly to Supermarine Spitfire
and Hawker Hurricane aircraft. Rochford airfield was accompanied by
a radar base in Canewdon (around away.) It was returned to civilian
service on 31 December 1946
Due to this fact Rochford was bombed a number of times.
Until the early 1980s one of the largest employers in Rochford was
factory, who manufactured the
miniature die cast
model. However, this company relocated to Rugby, Warwickshire in 1990.
is just to the north of Southend on Sea, but is sufficiently separated from both Southend
and Rayleigh to preserve its own identity.
Member of Parliament for
Rochford and Southend East is James Duddridge
There is a Hall in Rochford which is privately owned by a family
which live within the building, along with the golf course who also
own a part of it. In 1380 Henry IV was married there. In 1525,
awarded Thomas Boleyn
the title of Viscount
. Rochford Hall subsequently became the home of Mary Boleyn,
sometime mistress of Henry VIII and (probably elder) sister of
(Queen) Anne Boleyn, during her second marriage to William
railway station from which trains run to Southend
Victoria and to Liverpool Street station in the business district of central London.
consequence it has long been popular as a dormitory town
. Southend Airport railway
station is under construction on the eastern boundary of
the airport, due to open May 2010.
It also has good bus links to the surrounding towns. The Number 7 and 9
service going to both Rayleigh and Southend, and the number 8 going to Hockley and Southend.
Services 7, 8 & 9 are normally operated by modern low-floor
easy access buses.
presently no scheduled passenger flights available from Southend
Rochford Hospital used to be primarily the district maternity
hospital.This was closed and housing was built on much of the
site.Some of the hospital was demolished in 1997, with the
remainder being utilised for mental health inpatient services by
South Essex Mental Health and Community Care NHS Trust until spring
2005 when services were dispersed and Rochford Hospital closed for
redevelopement as part of the Runwell Hospital reprovision
programme (latterly South Essex Partnership University NHS
Foundation Trust)The old boilerhouse which was built in 1933 and
provided heat and power for the hospital still stands. It is a
grade 2 listed building. it has been converted into
February 2008 the new Rochford Hospital opened to mental health
inpatient services provided by South Essex Partnership University
NHS Foundation Trust, Rochford Hospital provides services for wards
which moved from Runwell
Built in the grounds of the old hospital, the new development has
111 beds and cost £25 million. It was designed to care for people
with mental health needs in a modern and therapeutic environment,
initially opening four new wards for adult and older peoples mental
health care, these wards are Beech Ward (previously Elm Ward) and
Maple Ward (previously Ashingdon Ward) provide services for older
people, Cedar Ward (previously Boleyn One Ward) and Willow Ward
(previously Chalkwell Ward) provide services for Adults age people,
Poplar ward is a new development which will provide inpatient
services for adolescents suffering from mental ill health, Poplar
ward opened in February 2009. The new Rochford Hospital is part of
the wider plans to permanently close the current Runwell
Rochford Hospital was officially opened on Thursday 7th May 2009 by
Professor Louis Appleby.
Rochford Community Church was founded in 1983. Its mission
statement is "To create a growing community of God’s people that is
loving, accepting and caring, and which is able to minister God’s
love, reconciliation and healing with a servant heart, in faith,
both within it and to the world outside."
The following notable people were born in Rochford:
- Omar Abdullah (b. 1970),
politician and Chief Minister of Jammu & Kashmir, India
- Terry Alderton (b. 1970),
comedian and former goalkeeper
- James Bourne (b. 1983), member of
pop rock band Busted and pop punk band
Son of Dork
- Niall Buckler (b. 1985), bass
player of rock band Mumm-Ra
- Jamie Cullum (b. 1979), is an
English jazz/pop pianist and singer-songwriter
- Digby Fairweather (b.1946),
- Kirk Hudson (b. 1986),
- Stephen Pewsey (b. 1955), author
- Amanda Tapping (b. 1965), actress
in Stargate SG-1, Stargate Atlantis, and Sanctuary.
- Peter Taylor
(b. 1953), footballer/football manager
- Jay Bude (b.1990), bass player of
english rock band The Morning After