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Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshiremarker. As of 2000, the population was 277,359. The county seat is Brentwoodmarker.

History

The area that today is Rockingham County was first settled by Europeans moving north from the Plymouth Colony in Massachusettsmarker as early as 1623. The government was linked tightly with Massachusetts until New Hampshire became a separate colony in 1679, but counties weren't introduced until 1769.

Rockingham was identified in 1769 as one of five original counties for the colony. It is named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, who had been Prime Minister in 1765-1766. The county was organized in 1771, with its county seat at Exetermarker. In 1844 its area was reduced by the formation of Belknap Countymarker to the northwest. In 1997 the county court facilities were moved to Brentwoodmarker, a rural town adjacent to Exeter.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (12.47%) is water. The highest point in Rockingham County is Nottingham Mountain, at , in the town of Deerfieldmarker.

Adjacent counties



National protected area



Demographics



As of the census of 2000, there were 277,359 people, 104,529 households, and 74,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 399 people per square mile (154/km²). There were 113,023 housing units at an average density of 163 per square mile (63/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.80% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.1% were of Irish, 14.6% English, 11.8% Italian, 10.5% French, 8.0% French Canadian, 6.0% German and 5.6% Americanmarker ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.3% spoke English, 1.8% French and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 104,529 households out of which 35.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $58,150, and the median income for a family was $66,345. (These figures had risen to $72,600 and $85,361 respectively, as of a 2007 estimate.) Males had a median income of $45,598 versus $30,741 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,656. About 3.10% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

There are 37 communities in Rockingham County - 36 towns and the City of Portsmouth:
City/Town Population (2000) Population Ranking Land Area km² Area Ranking Density /km² Density Ranking
Atkinsonmarker 6,178 14 28.8 28 214.3 11
Auburnmarker 4,682 19 65.3 11 71.7 26
Brentwoodmarker 3,197 30 43.6 16 73.4 25
Candiamarker 3,911 23 78.5 5 49.8 31
Chestermarker 3,792 24 67.1 10 56.5 37
Danvillemarker 4,023 22 30.3 27 132.6 18
Deerfieldmarker 3,678 26 131.9 1 27.9 36
Derrymarker 34,021 1 92.7 4 367.0 4
East Kingstonmarker 1,784 33 25.9 31 68.9 27
Eppingmarker 5,476 16 67.4 9 32.9 34
Exetermarker 14,058 6 50.9 13 276.4 7
Fremontmarker 3,510 28 44.4 15 79.0 24
Greenlandmarker 3,208 29 27.2 30 118.1 21
Hampsteadmarker 8,297 9 34.5 21 240.5 9
Hamptonmarker 14,937 5 33.7 22 442.6 3
Hampton Fallsmarker 1,880 32 31.6 25 59.4 29
Kensingtonmarker 1,893 31 31.0 26 61.2 28
Kingstonmarker 5,862 15 50.8 14 115.4 22
Londonderrymarker 23,236 3 108.3 3 214.6 10
New Castlemarker 1,010 35 2.1 37 469.8 2
Newfieldsmarker 1,551 34 18.2 36 85.3 23
Newingtonmarker 775 37 21.7 34 35.8 33
Newmarketmarker 8,027 10 32.5 24 247.0 8
Newtonmarker 4,289 20 25.7 32 167.1 13
North Hamptonmarker 4,259 21 36.0 20 118.2 20
Northwoodmarker 3,640 27 72.5 7 50.2 30
Nottinghammarker 3,701 25 120.4 2 30.8 35
Plaistowmarker 7,747 12 27.5 29 281.4 6
Portsmouthmarker 20,784 4 40.4 17 514.1 1
Raymondmarker 9,674 8 74.5 6 129.8 19
Ryemarker 5,182 17 32.7 23 158.5 15
Salemmarker 29,115 2 64.0 12 169.9 12
Sandownmarker 5,143 18 36.0 19 142.8 17
Seabrookmarker 7,934 11 22.9 33 345.7 5
South Hamptonmarker 844 36 20.4 35 41.4 32
Strathammarker 6,355 13 39.1 18 162.4 14
Windhammarker 10,709 7 69.4 8 154.3 16
Totals: 278,362 1,800 155.0


Attractions

The Rockingham County Botanical Gardenmarker is a botanical garden located in Brentwoodmarker. Strawbery Bankemarker Museum in Portsmouthmarker is a collection of historic buildings from the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. Canobie Lake Parkmarker, located in Salemmarker, is an amusement park that opened in 1902. Also in Salem is Rockingham Parkmarker racetrack, which features weekly horse racing, and America's Stonehengemarker, which claims to be a pre-Columbian collection of stone structures. Derrymarker was home to poet Robert Frost, who taught at nearby Pinkerton Academymarker. His home, the Robert Frost Farmmarker, has been converted to a state park.

Rockingham County is also home to New Hampshire's entire seacoast and features several popular resort towns. Hampton Beachmarker has a boardwalk and Hampton Beach Casino Ballroommarker. The town of Ryemarker features several undeveloped beaches such as Odiorne Point State Parkmarker and contains New Hampshire's portion of the Isles of Shoalsmarker. Seabrookmarker contains the Seabrook Greyhound Racing Park and the Seabrook Nuclear Power Plantmarker, the last nuclear plant opened in the United States.

External links



References

  1. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US27037&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US27%7C05000US27037&_street=&_county=rockingham&_cityTown=rockingham&_state=04000US33&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=



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