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The Tappan Zee Bridge, in a view looking from the Rockland County shoreline towards Westchester County.
Rockland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Yorkmarker, north-northwest of New York Citymarker. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Areamarker. As of the 2000 census, the population was 286,753. The county seat is New Citymarker. The name comes from "rocky land", an early description of the area given by settlers. Rockland is New York's southernmost county west of the Hudson River. It is suburban in nature, with a considerable amount of scenic designated parkland. Rockland County does not border any of the New York City boroughs, but is only north of Manhattanmarker at the counties' (New York and Rockland) two respective closest points (Palisades, New York, in Rockland and Inwood Park in Manhattan)

Rockland County ranks 9th on the list of highest-income counties by median household income in the United States with $75,306 according to the 2004 census. It is served by area code 845marker.

Rockland County is one of 24 areas in New York State designated a Preserve America Community.

History

The area that would become Rockland County was originally inhabited by Algonquian-speaking Indians, including Munsees, or Lenni Lenape.

In 1609, Hendrick Hudson, thinking he had found the legendary "Northwest Passage", sailed up the river that would one day bear his name and anchored near the area that is now Haverstraw before continuing to disillusionment at Albanymarker.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area. A number of unique Dutch-style red sandstone houses still stand, and many placenames in the county reveal their Dutch origin.

When the Duke of York (who became King James II of England) established the first twelve counties of New York in 1683, present-day Rockland County was part of Orange Countymarker. Orangetownmarker was created at the same time, originally encompassing all of modern Rockland County. Haverstraw was separated from Orangetown in 1719 and became a town in 1788; it included the present-day Clarkstown, Ramapo and Stony Pointmarker. Clarkstown and Ramapo became towns in 1791, followed by Stony Point in 1865. Rockland County was split from Orange County in 1798.

During the American Revolution, when control of the Hudson River was viewed by the Britishmarker as strategic to dominating the American territories, Rockland saw skirmishes at Haverstraw, Nyackmarker and Piermontmarker, and significant military engagements at the Battle of Stony Point, where General "Mad" Anthony Wayne earned his nickname. George Washington had headquarters for a time at John Suffern's tavern, the later site of the village of Suffernmarker.

British Major John André met with American traitor Benedict Arnold near Stony Point to buy the plans for the fortifications at West Pointmarker. André was captured with the plans in Tarrytownmarker on his way back to the British lines; he was brought to Tappanmarker for trial in the Tappan church, found guilty, hanged and buried nearby.

The American Industrial Revolution was supplied, in part, from forests and iron mines in Rockland County. Resource utilization extracted a heavy toll on the region, especially from lumbering and agriculture, since the poor, thin soils on hillsides were easily depleted. By the early 1900s development along the lower Hudson River had begun to destroy much of the area's natural beauty.

Many unsuccessful efforts were made to turn much of the Hudson Highlands into a forest preserve. However, when the State of New York tried to relocate Sing Sing Prisonmarker to Bear Mountain in 1909, some of the wealthy businessmen who had homes in the area, led by Union Pacific Railroad president E. H. Harriman, donated land as well as large sums of money for the purchase of properties in the area of Bear Mountain. Bear Mountainmarker/Harriman State Parkmarker became a reality in 1910, and by 1914 it was estimated that more than a million people a year were coming to the park.

Thomas F.X. Casey, the county historian, said in a 2007 magazine article that many Hasids began to settle into Rockland County after World War II. Casey added that, prior to the opening of the Tappan Zee Bridgemarker, the county was "underpopulated" and that the settlement of the Hasids did not result in major conflict.

Historical figures who have visited Rockland County

Aaron Burr - 3rd Vice President of the United States.Alexander Hamilton - 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury.Franklin Delano Roosevelt - then Governor of the State of New York and afterwards the 32nd President of the United States.George Clinton - First (and longest-serving) elected Governor of New York, and then 4th Vice President of the United States.George Washington - 1st President of the United States (1776 - 1783) Approximately 20 times.Harry S. Truman - 33rd President of the United States.Martha Washington - The 1st First Lady of the United States.Martin Van Buren - 8th President of the United States.Robert F. Kennedy - United States Senators from New York & 64th United States Attorney General.Rudolph William Louis "Rudy" Giuliani - 107th Mayor of New York CityTheodore Roosevelt - 26th President of the United States.Thurgood Marshall - Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

Other Historical figures who have visited Rockland County



Historical Places of Rockland County

See National Register of Historic Places listings in Rockland County, New York.

Historical Events in Rockland County

2009 Celebrate New York's 400th.

Replica of Henry Hudson's ship Halve Maen - (Half Moon), joined by several ships including Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, The 19th century schooner replica Mystic Whaler and the 1614 replica Onrust made stops in Rockland County.

Did you know...

  • ...Cereo, first baby food, was manufactured by Macy Deming at the Haring Adams (Deming) House in Tappanmarker.


  • ...The Christ Episcopal Church of Piermont - 416 Valentine Avenue in Sparkillmarker - is Rockland’s first established Episcopal Church. This stone church was built in 1865. The first service was held in 1847 in a converted warehouse.


  • ...The Congregation of the Sons of Jacob, 37 Clove Avenue in the Village of Haverstrawmarker begun in 1877 is the oldest Jewish congregation in Rockland County.








  • ...Josephine Hudson House in the hamlet of Rockland Lake belonged to the first woman to work in the Knickerbocker Ice Company. Money is currently being raised to preserve the house.


  • ...Julius Braunsdorf, industrial developer & founder of Pearl Rivermarker was the inventor of carbon arc light bulbs and electric generators and installed the first indoor lighting in the world in U.S.marker Capitolmarker in Washington, D.C.marker


  • ...Knickerbocker Ice Company - established 1831 in Valley Cottagemarker at Rockland Lake had the cleanest and purest ice in the area and became known as the "Icehouse of New York City".








  • ...The first railroad line across Rockland County was built in 1841 and ran from Piermontmarker to Ramapomarker.




  • ...St. Paul's Episcopal Church - 26 South Madison Ave in Spring Valleymarker was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2008.


  • ...St. Peter's Catholic Church, 115 Broadway in the Village of Haverstrawmarker is the first Catholic church in Rockland County. The first Mass was celebrated on November 14 1847.


  • ...Tallmanmarker was named after Tunis Tallman, a direct descendant of Rockland's oldest family.






Law/Government and Politics

United States House of Representatives

  • Eliot Engel New York 17th District - The district encompasses the southern portions and southwest part of Rockland County, the Bronxmarker and Westchester County.
  • Nita M. Lowey New York 18th District - The district encompasses the eastern-central parts of Rockland County, the northern suburbs of New York City and includes most of Westchester County.
  • John Hall New York 19th District - The district encompasses most of the northern parts of Rockland County, parts of Dutchessmarker, Orange and Westchester Counties, in addition to the entirety of Putnam Countymarker.


U.S. Rockland County Congressional Districts Map

New York State Senate

Thomas Morahan (R,C,I,WF) represents the entire county of Rockland in the New York State Senate and parts of Orange County, New Yorkmarker.

New York State Assembly



New York State Assembly Rockland County Districts Map

County Executive

The county executive is C. Scott Vanderhoef (R), who was re-elected in 2009 to his fifth four-year term. He is the second county executive in Rockland history, having defeated the incumbent, John Grant (D), in 1993. Vanderhoef ran for Lieutenant Governor in 2006. Prior to 1985, Rockland County did not have a county executive.

County Legislature

Rockland is divided into 17 single-member legislative districts. The Chairwoman of the Legislature is Harriet Cornell. The other legislators are:

Legislative Districts Map

  • 01 - Douglas J. Jobson (R)
  • 02 - Michael M. Grant (D)
  • 03 - Jay Hood Jr. (D)
  • 04 - Ilan S. Schoenberger (D)
  • 05 - Edwin J. Day (R)
  • 06 - Alden H. Wolfe (D)
  • 07 - Philip Soskin (D)
  • 08 - William L. Darden (D)
  • 09 - Gerold M. Bierker (R-C)
  • 10 - Harriet D. Cornell (D)
  • 11 - Frank Sparaco (R)
  • 12 - Joseph L. Meyers (D)
  • 13 - Jacques O. D'I Michel (D)
  • 14 - Robert D. Jackson (D)
  • 15 - Patrick J. Moroney (R)
  • 16 - John A. Murphy (R)
  • 17 - Connie Coker (D)


Town Governments

The five Towns of Rockland County are led by Town Supervisors and Town Boards. The villages encompassed in the Towns are led by Mayors and Village Trustees.

The five Town Supervisors are:
  • Town of Clarkstown: Alexander Gromack (D)
  • Town of Haverstraw: Howard Phillips (D)
  • Town of Orangetown: Thom Kleiner (D)
  • Town of Ramapo: Christopher St. Lawrence (D)
  • Town of Stony Point: Phil Marinio (D)


County Courts

There are three types of general trial courts in Rockland County: the New York Supreme Court, the County Court and the Justice Courts. The Supreme Court is the trial level court of the New York State Unified Court System, which presents some confusion as the Supreme Court is the highest court of appeals in the federal system as well as in most states (the Court of Appeals is the highest court in New York State). The Supreme Court has broad authority over all categories of cases, both civil and criminal. Generally the Supreme Court in Rockland County hears civil cases involving claims in excess of $25,000. While the Supreme Court has jurisdiction over criminal cases in most counties this is handled by the County Courts. In Rockland however, the Supreme Court does exercise jurisdiction over some criminal cases.

The County Court is inferior to the Supreme Court and is authorized to hear all criminal cases that have occurred in the county as well as limited jurisdiction over civil cases. The County Court handles felony cases exclusively and shares jurisdiction with the town and village justice courts on misdemeanor cases and other minor offenses and violations. The County Court's jurisdiction on civil cases is limited to those involving less than $25,000.

Each of the towns and fifteen of the villages have Justice Courts. These courts mostly hear routine traffic ticket cases, especially from the New York State Thruway and the Palisades Interstate Parkway. They also handle drunk driving charges, lower-level criminal misdemeanor matters, and they will occasionally perform arraignment on felonies (most felony proceedings are heard in County Court). These courts generally handle the highest volume of cases, which, considering the population density and highways in the county, is not surprising.

Businesses

Rockland County is home to more than 10,000 businesses, both large and small. Rockland County is home to several large companies including Avon, Wyeth, and Novartis. There are also thousands of restaurants in Rockland County serving all kinds of cuisines. There are business districts and main streets in Rockland County with collections of businesses. Such districts and main streets are located all over Rockland County, including New City, Suffern, and Pearl River. Main streets are becoming more and more uncommon in the United States, but Rockland County has several. The leading way to search through the thousands of businesses in Rockland County is by using the business search on ZipRockland.com.

Geography



Rockland County lies just north of the New Jerseymarker-New York border, west of the Hudson River, and south of Orange County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 199 square miles (516 km²), of which, 174 square miles (451 km²) of it is land and 25 square miles (65 km²) of it (12.60%) is water. Approximately 30% of Rockland County is parkland.

The highest elevation in the county is Rockhouse Mountain, at 391 m (1,283 ft). However, nearby Jackie Jones Mountain also has a summit above 390 m (1,280 ft) whose exact elevation is not known and may well be higher.

The lowest elevation is sea level along the Hudson River.

Rockland is the smallest county in New York outside of New York City.

Hudson River Fish Advisory

The Cornell Universitymarker Cooperative Extension of Rockland County recommends that one should consume no more than one half pound of fish caught in the Hudson River per week with the exception of those listed below.

They further recommend that women of childbearing age and children under 15 should not consume any fish from the Hudson River.



Lakes in Rockland County

Lake Welch
Lk Kanawauke


Parks in Rockland County

More than one-third of Rockland County is parkland. Beside town, memorial, and play parks of all shapes and sizes, there are battlefields, nature parks, preserves, and trails. These are some of the most visited parks in Rockland County as well as the state of New York.
View of Dunderberg Mountain


  • Dunderberg Mountainmarker - A landmark for British forces during the American Revolutionary War, The formation of the Dunderberg Spiral Railway Corporation in 1889 and Thomas Edison, in 1890, began to establish an iron mine by acquiring nearly 200 acres on the north slope of Dunderberg.


  • Buckberg Mountain - The site of Washington’s Lookout, an observation point used by General George Washington and Colonel “Mad” Anthony to plan a surprise attack on British troops in the Battle of Stony Point. The post overlooked Haverstraw Baymarker and afforded views of the Hudson River to the north and south.


The Dunderberg Spiral Railway

A pleasure railroad partially constructed in 1890-1891 and never finished. The first part of the ride would have taken the cars up two inclined planes to the summit 900 feet above the Hudson River, where visitors could disembark to enjoy the scenery. Then the cars would have coasted by gravity down a nine-mile scenic railway, making two spirals and three switchbacks. It would have been to this day the biggest roller coaster ever constructed.

Piermont hand-cranked drawbridge

The Piermont hand-cranked drawbridge was originally built in 1880 by The King Iron Bridge Company, a Clevelandmarker company in the state of Ohiomarker that constructed more than 10,000 bridges over six decades. The hand-cranked drawbridge is used as a pedestrian walkway providing a link to Tallman Mountain State Parkmarker. This bridge is the only hand-cranked drawbridge in Rockland County and perhaps in the United States. Back in the day, fishermen on sloops heading up and down the creek got out of their vessel, cranked up the drawbridge, sailed across, got out of their vessel and cranked down the drawbridge for vehicular traffic. The whole bridge was dismantled piece by piece, sent off-site for restoration and restored to its original state after a complete forensic analysis. Allan King Sloan, the great-great-grandson of the company's founder, provided some of the information that is on the historical marker nearby and attended the dedication ceremony on August 7, 2009.

Rocks of Rockland

  • Indian Rock - This 17,300-ton Proterozoic granite gneiss is .8-1.2 billion years old. Originating between the Ramapo Mountains and Hudson Highlands, this glacial erratic was deposited in Montebello by the Laurentide Ice Sheet approximately 21,000 years ago.


  • Maria's Rock - Front lawn of Wyeth - (Lederle Laboratories), North Middletown Road in Pearl River - An 18th- century legend tells of a little girl named Maria who wandered from her home in nearby Tappan and died of hunger and exposure. Tradition says that villagers found her bones near the massive boulder.


  • Spook Rock is the largest of the cluster of rocks located on Spook Rock Road and Highview Avenue in Airmont. The Tappan and Warawankogs of the Lenni-Lenape Wolf Tribes, members of the Algonquin Nation worshipped the sun, moon, stars, and a spirit called Manitou. Story has it that a Dutch farmer's daughter was sacrificed at this site and her ghost appears on the anniversary of her death.


Adjacent counties



Rockland's borders with Putnam and Passaic counties are short, totaling less than one mile (1.6 km).

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 286,753 people, 92,675 households, and 70,989 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,646 people per square mile (636/km²). There were 94,973 housing units at an average density of 545 per square mile (210/km²). However, Rock landers live closer together than the census numbers indicate, as 30 percent of the county is reserved as parkland. The racial makeup of the county was 76.91% White, 10.98% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 5.52% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.78% from other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. 10.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.6% were of Italian, 14.5% Irish, 5.8% West Indianmarker, 5.7% Americanmarker and 5.3% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 9.17% reported speaking Spanish at home, 4.96% Yiddish, 3.16% French-based creole, 1.45% Italian, 1.30% Tagalog, 1.25% Hebrew, 1.17% French, and 1.01% Russian. Other languages spoken at home by at least 1000 people include Malayalam, Korean, Chinese, German, and Polish.[8937]

The 2005 estimates show that Rockland county remains a diverse place. 58.1% of the population was grouped under the heading "non-Hispanic whites" but with such high numbers of speakers of such languages as Russian and Yiddish, this figure hid more than it revealed. The percentage of African-Americans had risen to 11.9. Native Americans were gaining ground now constituting 0.2% of the population. Asians continued to grow in their percentage of the county population, now making up 6.4% of the population. Latinos were now 11.1% of the population.

In 2000 there were 92,675 households out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% were non-families. 19.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $75,306, and the median income for a family was $86,624. Males had a median income of $58,214 versus $43,955 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,680. The mean, or average, income for a family in Rockland County is $102,542 according to the 2004 census. About 6.30% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

31.4% of Rockland residents are Jewish, the highest Jewish population per capita of any county in the United States. The county is also home to several large Orthodox Jewish communities, especially in the hamlet of Monseymarker, and the villages of New Squaremarker, Kasermarker, New Hempsteadmarker, and Wesley Hillsmarker.

Robert Zeliger of Rockland Magazine said that an exact estimation of Rockland's Hasidic community is difficult because the U.S. Census does not track Hasidic membership and Hasid leaders feel that releasing demographic information is against their interests. Zeliger said that multiple experts and individuals who study the Hasidic groups estimate that the county had 7,000 as of 2007; Zeliger reported that one rabbi joked that "if you ask tomorrow there will be 8,010." The Hasidic groups grew because of the drive to procreate, as many Hasidic groups fled Eastern Europe after the Holocaust. In addition the Hasids object to birth control.

Communities in Rockland

County map, with town and village boundaries.
The Manhattan skyline is visible from many high points in the county, such as this view from Nordkop Mountain in Suffern
Paul W. Adler, the chairperson of the Rockland County's Jewish Community Relations Council said in a 1997 The New York Times article that "There are two reasons villages get formed in Rockland. One is to keep the Hasidim out and the other is to keep the Hasidim in."

Towns

There are five towns in Rockland County. The most populous is Ramapomarker with 108,900 people, while the least populous is Stony Pointmarker with 14,200 people. Clarkstownmarker, Haverstrawmarker and Orangetownmarker all come in between with a range of 33,800—82,000 people.

Incorporated villages

There are nineteen incorporated villages in Rockland County, twelve of which are located at least partially in the town of Ramapo:



There are no villages in the town of Stony Point.

Unincorporated hamlets

Rockland County has a number of unincorporated hamlets, including:


Historical settlements

During the 19th century, the following settlements existed in these towns.

  • Clarkstown
    • Cedar Grove Corner - North of the hamlet of Rockland Lake, East of New City.
    • Clarksville - Renamed Nyack Turnpike, then Mont Moor and presently West Nyack.
    • Durant - small settlement of private residences one mile (1.6 km) south of New City. In the 1900s, a railroad station named after Thomas C. Durant, organizer and builder of the Union Pacific Railroad, was the third stop of the New Jersey & New York Railroad. Durant's daughter, Heloise Durant Rose was the founder of the Rockland County Welfare Society and ot the Dante League of America.
    • Dutch - North of Nanuet, South of Spring Valley
    • Kakiat (Hackyackawet)- East of Mechanicsville, West of New City.
    • Quaspeck - Located at the foot of Hook Mountain at the southern end of Rockland Lake. The Original patent, which included is dated 1694. The creation of Rockland Lake State Parkmarker ended the community.
    • Rockland Lake - Formerly known as Slaughterer's Landing. A thriving Community in Rockland Lake State Park made up of the many workers at the Knickerbocker Ice Company which owned numerous pieces of property. The hamlet included a number of hotels, Knickerbocker Fire House - established 1862, school, stores and the stone-crushing mill.
    • Sickletown - A hamlet named after the Sickles family located along the east and west side of Sickletown Road, also named after them. A few of the sandstone homes, mostly Pre-Revolutionary, built by the members of the Sickles family remain.


  • Haverstraw
    • Archerville - Later changed to Samsondale. North of Haverstraw Village, South of Bensons Corners. Samsondale Iron Works was established in 1832.
    • Bensons Corners - North of Garnerville.
    • Diamond Valley - A farming community southeast of Johnsontown.
    • Johnsontown (Town of West Haverstraw) - Founded in the late 1700s by the Johnson brothers who came to the mountain area looking for timber to use for shipbuilding. It stretched along what is now known as Lake Sebagomarker and Lake Kanawauke making it the largest settlement in the western part of the state park.
    • Meads Corner - South of Garnerville.


  • Orangetown
    • Middletown - A hamlet midway between the pioneers settled at Ramapo and Tappan.
    • Muddy Brook - Pearl River proper.
    • Orangeville Mills - Orangeville was a hamlet west from Blauvelt, formerly known as Blauveltville.
    • Pascack - A hamlet, often called "South Spring Valley" settled in the first half of the 18th century.
    • Sneden's Landing - Now known as Palisades. Mollie Sneden operated her ferry service from here during the Revolutionary War.
    • Upper Grandview


  • Ramapo
    • Alexis Station - Hamlet.
    • Bulsontown - Hamlet.
    • Cassady's Corners - South of Mechanicsville.
    • Forshays Corners - North of Viola.
    • Furmanville - North of Sherwoodville, South of Ladentown.
    • Mechanicsville - Present-day Viola.
    • Ladentown - 18th century settlement within the Village of Pomona.
    • Pine Meadow - Present site of Pine Meadows Lake. Mostly heavy forest, boulders, swamps and streams. Community, southeast of Johnsontown, populated mainly by farmers, wood-cutters and basket-weavers. James H. Conklin built a cabin which was posted as a historic site before it was vandalized and ultimately destroyed. Only the root cellar remains.
    • Sandyfield - was submerged when swampy Beaver Pond was dammed to create Lake Welch by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission.
    • Sherwoodville - North of Mechanicsville in the Village of Montebello.
    • Saint John's-in-the-Wilderness - Located about a mile from Sandyfield. It once was a thriving mission established in 1880. It is the only private land within the Harriman State Parkmarker.
    • Sterlington - One mile east of Sloatsburg. The name was adopted when the post office opened in 1882. The Sterling Mountain Railwaytransported ore to the furnaces at Sterling which was known as Sterling Junction or Pierson's Depot. Sterlington ceased when the railway ceased operation.
    • Woodburn - Hamlet.
    • Woodtown - Founded in the early 18th century. Between Pine Meadow and Ladentown, southeast of Johnsontown.


  • Stony Point
Iona Island
    • Caldwells Landing - Formerly known as Gibraltar. North of Tomkins Cove, South of Iona Island.
    • Doodletownmarker (Town of Stony Point) in Harriman State Park is now a ghost town.
    • Grassy Point - Renamed North Haverstraw on August 21st, 1834. Renamed back to Grassy Point on September 10th, 1836. The 1939 3-cent United States postage stamp commemorates the hundredth anniversary of baseball depicting the old baseball diamond at Grassy Point. The background of the stamp shows St. Joseph's Church and the Grassy Point school which was one of the last one-room schools in Rockland closing in 1963.
    • Iona Islandmarker - Formerly known as Waggons (Weyant's) Island. It is said that it has always been a "picnic and pleasure ground visited annually by thousands from New York and other neighboring cities". Access now restricted by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission.
    • Jones Point -
    • Mountville - An alternate name for the southern end of Doodletown.
    • West of Stony Point -
    • Willow Grove - Contains part of the former New York State Letchworth Village facility.


Communities of significant population

According to the 2000 census, these nine Rockland communities have a population exceeding 10,000 people:

  • New City, a hamlet of 34,038
  • Spring Valley, a village of 25,464
  • Nanuet, a hamlet of 16,707
  • Pearl River, a hamlet of 15,553
  • Monsey, a hamlet of 14,504
  • Stony Point, a hamlet of 11,744
  • Suffern, a village of 11,006
  • West Haverstraw, a village of 10,295
  • Haverstraw, a village of 10,117


Wealthiest Communities

According to the 2000 census, these three Rockland communities have a median household income of $100,000 a year or more:
  • Grand View-on-Hudson, a village with a median household income = $130,747
  • Montebello, a village with a median household income = $116,600
  • Pomona, a village with a median household income = $103,608


Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

There are eight school districts in Rockland


Private schools

Many of the private schools are Orthodox Jewish yeshivas. In addition the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York operates Catholic schools.

Blue Ribbon Award

The Blue Ribbon Award, which is part of the No Child Left Behind program, is considered to be the highest honor that an American school can achieve.

  • Liberty Elementary School (2000-2001) (Valley Cottage)
  • Strawtown Elementary School (2007) (West Nyack)
  • Franklin Avenue School (2008) (Pearl River)
  • George W. Miller Elementary School (2009) (Nanuet)


Post-Secondary Schools

Daniel T.
Brucker Hall at SUNY Rockland Community College


Hospitals in Rockland County



Transportation in Rockland County

Bus

TOR & TZX Exprees


The Transport of Rockland is the bus system providing service along major routes in Rockland County as well as connections to other community bus operations - (Minitrans) and connections to Rockland Coaches and Short Line routes providing service to Northern New Jersey and New York City.

Monsey Trails is a privately operated, publicly subsidized bus service connecting Monsey, in Rockland County, to Manhattan and Brooklyn. It is an unusual service in that it's service is focused on geographic areas occupied large numbers of Chasidic Jews and its schedules vary significantly based on the Jewish calendar.

Brega Transport Corp provide free shuttle service between the main campus of Rockland Community College in Viola and the Haverstraw and Spring Valley extensions to evening students during the Fall and Spring semesters.

Railroad

Pascack Valley Line


New Jersey Transit/Metro-North Railroad - Port Jervis Line which stop at the Suffern Railroad Stationmarker and Pascack Valley Line which stops include Pearl River, Nanuet and Spring Valley in their respective hamlets and village of the same name.

Historic Railroads

Back in the 1800s railroads, freight and passenger lines, were instrumental for the development, growth and prosperity of Rockland County. Many of the hamlets and villages were built near the Depots. Most of the Post Offices were built near the stations. Passengers traveling to New York City would board steamers at Piermont.

West Shore & Buffalo Railroad
Pearl River Railroad Station


(A) The New Jersey & New York Railroad - 1875(B) New City Branch NJ&NY Railroad(C) Erie Railroad Piermont Branch(D) Northern Railroad of NJ(E) New York, West Shore & Buffalo Railroad(F) Main Line

  • ---------(A)---------
    • Pearl River
    • Nanuet Crossing
    • Spring Valley
    • Union
    • New Hempstead
    • Summit Park
    • Alexis
    • Pomona
    • Mount Ivy
    • Theills
    • West Haverstraw
    • Haverstraw
  • ---------(B)---------
    • Nanuet Crossing
    • Bardonia
    • Germonds
    • Durant
    • New City
  • ---------(C)---------
    • Piermont
    • Orangeburg
    • Blauvelt
    • Nanuet Crossing
    • Spring Valley
    • Monsey
    • Tallman
    • Suffern
  • ---------(D)---------
    • Tappan
    • Sparkill
    • Piermont
    • Grandview
    • South Nyack
    • Nyack
  • ---------(E)---------
    • Tappan
    • Orangeburg
    • Blauveltville
    • Rockland Park
    • Nyack Turnpike
    • Valley Cottage
    • Congers
    • Haverstraw
      • (Fairmont Ave)
    • Haverstraw
      • (Crugers by ferry)
    • Tomkins Cove
  • ---------(F)---------
    • Suffern
    • Hillburn
    • Ramapo
    • Sterlington
    • Sloatsburg


100px-The_"Admiral_Richard_E._Bennis"_at_Haverstraw.jpg" style='width:100px' alt="" />
Admiral Richard E.
Bennis" at Haverstraw


Ferry

NY Waterway operates a ferry service between Haverstraw and Ossining in Westchester Countymarker for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

International Airports near Rockland



Roads in Rockland County

CR 1




NY 17NY 45NY 59NY 106NY 210NY 303NY 304markerNY 306

US 9WUS 202US 340I-87/I-287/NYSTPIPGSP

Roads in New York Counties



Twin/Sister cities

Rockland County has been paired with San Marcos and Huehuete, Nicaraguamarker as its Sister City. The Rockland County Sister City Project with San Marcos and Huehuete, Nicaragua, is coordinated by Cleta Ciulla of Nyack, New York. Since 1990, the organization has collected donated clothes, bicycles and other useful things for our Nicaraguan partners in community development. Fundraising consists of donations and yardsales. Participants travel regularly to Nicaragua to review project details and community needs.

Additionally, the town of Ramapo is twinned with a number of cities.

Media



Rockland County Libraries

Library Association of Rockland County

Books and publications

  • Anderson, Jane McDill Rocklandia: A collection of facts and fancies, legends and ghost stories of Rockland County life 1977
  • Baracks, Clarence,. Growing up in New City, New York in the early 1920s
  • Budke, George H. Rockland County during the American Revolution, 1776 - 1781. New York. The Rockland County Public Librarians Association. 1976
  • Cohen, David Steven The Ramapo Mountain People Rutgers University Press 1974
  • Cole, David D.D, History of Rockland County: ([New York) 1976, Historical Society of Rockland County.
  • Gonyea, Maryellen Stony Point in Words and Pictures, ed. NCL RR 974.728 STO
  • Gottlock, Barbara H., Gottlock Wesley., New York's Palisades Interstate Park (NY) (Images of America)
  • Green, Frank Bertangue. MD, The History of Rockland County:
  • Knight, Robert P Centennial history of Pearl River, New York Pearl River Centennial Committee 1973
  • Kuykendall, Eugene L., Historic Sloatsburg, 1738-1998, The Way it Was, Is and Can Be, Sloatsburg Historical Society, 1998.
  • Lucanera, Viola M. The role of Orangetown in the Revolution (Rockland County bicentennial publication)
  • Penford, Saxby Vouler The first hundred years of Spring Valley: Written in commemoration of the Spring Valley Centennial, 1842-1942 (Social Science Research Foundation. Publications)
  • Pritchard, Evan T Native New Yorkers: The Legacy of the Algonquin People of New York. published by Council Oak Books, 2002 ISBN 1571781072
  • Smeltzer-Stevenot, Marjorie., Footprints in the Ramapos: Life in the Mountains Before the State Parks
  • Stalter Elizabeth Doodletown: Hiking through history in a vanished hamlet on the Hudson
  • Talman, Wilfred Blanch., How things began in Rockland and places nearby
  • Talman, Wilfred Blanch, Fabend, Firth Haring Ed. Tappan, 300 Years, 1686-1986 Tappantown Historical Society, (1989)
  • Watts, Gardner F., A short history of Suffern and the Ramapaugh area: With emphasis on Revolutionary days and ways (Rockland County bicentennial publication) (1972)
  • Zimmerman, Linda Rockland County: Century of History
  • Zimmerman, Linda Rockland County Scrapbook Published by Eagle Press, 2004
  • American Revolution Bicentennial Committee of Sloatsburg: Bicentennial History of Sloatsburg, New York 1776-1976,
  • America's Bicentennial, 1776-1976, Haverstraw Commemorative Edition. [NCL 974.728 HAV].
  • Celebrate Clarkstown 1791-1991. Clarkstown, New York: Clarkstown Bicentennial Commission, 1991.
  • The Nyacks Historical Society of the Nyacks and the Nyack Library, Arcadia Publishing of Maine October, 2005
  • Nyack in the 20th Century: A Centennial Journal by the Historical Society of the Nyacks, published in 2000
  • Suffern: 200 years, 1773-1973 Bicentennial Committee, Suffern, New York Published in 1973.
  • Portrait of West Nyack S-E-A-R-C-H Foundation of West Nyack, N.Y. 10994 LIC 73-83686 Zingaro Printing Corporation - 1973.


See also



References

External links






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