Roi Et ( ) is one of the
of Thailand, located in
the North-East of Thailand. Neighboring Provinces are (from north
clockwise) Kalasin, Mukdahan, Yasothon, Sisaket, Surin and Maha Sarakham.
Phra Phuttha Rattana Mongkhon Maha
Muni or Luang Pho Yai, Wat Burapha Phiram (Wat Hua Ro)
The Name Roi Et
translates to 101, which refers to the
original 11 satellite cities around the main city as well as the 11
city gates. To express the importance of the city the number was
of the province is covered by plains about 130-160 meters above sea
level, drained by the Chi
River. In the north of the province are the hills of
the Phu Phan
mountain range, with the Yang River as the major river.
the south is the Mun River
, which also
forms the boundary to the province of Surin. At the mouth of the
Chi River, where it enters the Mun River, a big flooded basin
provides a good rice
Roi Et National Museum
The area of the province was already settled during the times of
the Khmer empire
as several ruins show.
However, the main history of the province began when Lao
people from Champasak
settled near Suwannaphum during the
. King Taksin
moved the city to its present site, then
called Saket Nakhon.
Roi Et City Hall, view from Phlan Chai pond
The province is subdivided into 20 districts (amphoe
). The districts are further subdivided
into 193 subdistricts (tambon
2311 villages (muban
Roi Et National Museum (พิพิธภัณฑสถานแห่งชาติ
: It was initially established by Dr. Ko
Sawatdiphanit with an aim to showcase local silk textiles and
handicrafts of Roi Et. It was later renovated when the Fine Arts
Department had the policy to set up a national museum.
The Monument of Phra Khattiyawongsa (Thon)
(Thon) was appointed to be the first ruler of Roi Et. He was
considered a great ruler as he could restore the city until Roi Et
became one of the most prosperous cities in the region.
Somdech Phra Srinakarindra Park Roi Et
: It is a public
park in the heart of the city, located in front of the city hall.
The highlight is the fountain in the middle of the park and a clock
tower. The park is used as a venue for various cultural occasions
and events of the province.
Bueng Phalan Chai (บึงพลาญชัย)
picturesque lake on the area of 200,000 sq.m. is a symbol of Roi
Et. Inside is situated the city pillar shrine, the sacred shrine
that is highly revered by the people of Roi Et. There is also a
large walking Buddha image, a Constitution atop a Footed Tray,
flower clock, Phu Phalan Chai (an artificial waterfall), and animal
Mueang Roi Et Municipality Aquarium
: One of
its twin buildings comprises an auditorium, lecture room,
exhibition room, office, a ticket booth. The next building features
an aquarium which shows fresh water fish. The highlight of the
exhibition is the underwater tunnel through which one can view the
movements of the marine animals from any direction.
Wat Klang Ming Mueang (วัดกลางมิ่งเมือง)
The Ubosot was built during the late Ayutthaya period. In the past,
it was used for the Oath of Allegiance Ceremony. At present, it is
a venue for dharma practice and is known as Sunthon Thamma Pariyat
Wat Sa Thong (วัดสระทอง)
: The temple
houses Luangpho Phra Sangkatchai (Kaccayana), a sacred Buddha image
highly revered by the people of Roi Et. Phraya Khattiyawongsa
(Thon), the first founder of Roi Et, discovered this image.
Wat Buraphaphiram (วัดบูรพาภิราม)
is the tallest standing Buddha image in Thailand known as Phra
Phuttha Rattanamongkhon Mahamuni or Luangpho Yai, which was built
with reinforced concrete in the blessing attitude.
Prang Ku or Prasat Nong Ku (ปรางค์กู่ หรือ
: is a complex of buildings with a plan
that resembles the Khmer nursing home known as ‘Arogayasala’. It
comprises the main prang, a library, wall and entrance pavilions,
and a pond outside of the wall. The ruins are in good condition,
especially the roof structure of the main prang.
Wat Pa Non Sawan (วัดป่าโนนสวรรค์)
: It is
a huge temple built from the abbot’s omen. It was embellished and
decorated with local earthenware, so it looks strikingly
eye-catching. The entrance of the multi-tiered chedi represents
Bo Phan Khan Rattanasophon
: The park was set up to
commemorate the 50th Anniversary Celebrations of His Majesty’s
Accession to the Throne. It is also where the beautiful image of
Phra Phuttha Sahatsakhantha Mahamuninat is located.
Ban Wai Luem (บ้านหวายหลึม)
: The village
famous for silk weaving is part of the province’s One Tambon One
Product (OTOP) project, so it is also the distribution centre for
local handicraft products such as handbags, cotton, and
Ku Ka Sing (กู่กาสิงห์)
: It is another
huge temple with Khmer-style architecture, comprising three prangs
on the same laterite base, and rectangular library buildings in
front. All of them are surrounded by a wall, with entrance
pavilions known as Gopura at the four directions. Outside is a
U-shaped moat surrounding the wall.
Thung Kula Ronghai (ทุ่งกุลาร้องไห้)
legend of Thung Kula Ronghai had it that, in ancient times, there
were Kula people who travelled around for trading; they were known
for being strong and tolerant. But when they reached this field,
the hardship even made them cry (Ronghai) because there was not a
single drop of water or big trees in sight.
Ku Phra Kona (กู่พระโกนา)
three east-facing brick prangs lying in the north – south
direction, standing on a single sandstone base. They are surrounded
by a boundary wall, with entrance pavilions or Gopuras in four
directions; all were made from sandstone.
Sim Wat Traiphum Khanachan
: The architectural structure
suggests that it is a traditional small ‘Sim’ – local dialect for
Ubosot - of the Northeast with a low boundary wall. Sim Wat
Traiphum Khanachan was awarded for outstanding architecture by the
Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage.
Bueng Kluea (Salt Lake or Sea of Isan) (บึงเกลือ หรือ
: Situated in Tambon Bueng Klua, it is a
large lake covering a total area of 7,500 rai, with water all year
Sim Wat Chakkrawan Phum Phinit or Wat Nong Muen Than
(สิมวัดจักรวาฬภูมิพินิจ หรือ วัดหนองหมื่นถ่าน)
features a small ‘Sim’ of traditional northeastern style. Its gable
and ‘Rang Phueng’ (decoration underneath the lower tie beam)
feature fine woodcarving with a wooden shingle roof. Outside is
decorated with mural paintings.
Pha Nam Yoi or Isan Buddhist Park (ผาน้ำย้อย หรือ
: It covers a forest with wide
varieties of hardwood trees and is home to various kinds of wild
animals. On the hill is situated Wat Pha Namthip Thep Prasit
Wanaram. The temple houses Phra Mahachedi Chai Mongkhon, one of
Thailand’s largest chedis.
Literature Botanical Garden
: It is the regional literature
botanical garden of the Northeast. It covers a total area of about
1,000 rai, featuring plants mentioned in Thai literature.
Tham Pha Nam Thip Non-hunting Area
: It comprises steep
and complex undulating sandstone mountains with abundant dry
evergreen forest, deciduous forest, and deciduous dipterocarp
forest. Fauna found in this area include boars, barking deer,
foxes, monkeys, squirrels, etc.
Pha Mok Mi Wai (ผาหมอกมิวาย)
inside Pha Nam Thip Non-hunting Area, it is the best viewpoint and
is covered with mist all year round, as it is an abundant area with
Roi Et province produces various kinds of handicraft products such
as silk ,bamboo woodwind instrument and also ‘Fuem’ for
Bun Khao Chi and Pho Chai Products Festival or Bun Duean
( ): It is held according to Hit Sip Song - the
Northeastern twelve festivals for the twelve months. The
Northeasterners believe that by making merit with Khao Chi or
grilled sticky rice, they would gain huge merit. The festival also
features a beauty pageant and competition of a giant-sized Khao
Kin Khao Pun Bun Phawet Festival
( ): First held
in 1991, it has been held annually around early March every year
ever since. The event takes place at the Somdech Phra Srinakarindra
Park and Bueng Phalan Chai. Bun Phawet, or known in the Central
Region as Bun Mahachat, is usually held in the 4th lunar month. It
is a Buddhist ceremony in which the monks give a sermon of all
chapters of the Vessantara Jataka, otherwise called the Great Birth
Sermon. There are also 13 parades of Phawet, according to the
number of the chapters of the sermon, arranged by various public
and private organisations. The area around Bueng Phalan Chai has
stalls providing free ‘Khao Pun’ - rice noodle - for participants.
There are also contests of traditional arts and culture such as
making the ‘bai si su khwan’ tray.
Bun Bangfai Festival
( ) (aka 'The Rocket Festival
'): The festival is organised
annually around June. Every district will organise colourful
parades of Bangfai rockets that reflect the folk culture and local
traditions of Roi Et province, especially the parades from Phanom
Phrai and Suwannaphum districts will be lavishly decorated.
( ): It is organised annually on
Asalha Puja Day at the Somdech Phra Srinakarindra Park. Each temple
will beautifully decorate their candle floats with colourful
flowers, and the parade will move along the road via the market to
the cruciform pavilion in the Park. There will also be contests of
decorated candles and floats with cultural performances.
Long Boat Races of Tambon Mueang Bua, Kaset Wisai
( ): The event is held annually at the end of the
Buddhist Lent, or around mid-October when there is plenty of water
in the river. Boats joining the races are from Roi Et and nearby
provinces including Kalasin, Maha Sarakham, Si Sa Ket, and Nakhon