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Roman Catholicism in Canada: Map

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The Catholic Church in Canadamarker is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, Curia in Romemarker, and the Canadian Bishops Conference.

The Catholic Church is the world's largest Christian Church, and its largest religious grouping (1.143 billion members, more than half of the Christian population in the world). It is also the largest religion in Canada with 46% of Canadians (13,070,000 as of 2008) baptized as Catholics. There are 72 dioceses and about 8,000 priests in Canada.

Technically, Catholicism arrived in Canada in 1534, when Jacques Cartier planted a Cross at Gaspe. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded the first Catholic colony in Quebec Citymarker. Later, in 1611, he established a fur trading post on the Island of Montrealmarker, which would later become a Catholic colony for trade and missionary activity.

Some important Catholic sites in Montrealmarker are Notre-Dame Basilicamarker, Saint Joseph's Oratorymarker, Blessed Brother Andre's chapel, and Marie-Reine-du-Monde. In Quebec, Notre Dames des Victoires, Notre-Dame de Quebec Cathedralmarker and Saint-Anne-de-Portneuf, Quebecmarker.

In Nova Scotiamarker, St. Francis Xavier Universitymarker, a Scot Catholic university associated with the Antigonish Movement and the highland games.

Within Canada the hierarchy consists of:



There is also a Ukrainianan Rite Archeparchy of Winnipeg, which has suffragan dioceses in Edmonton, New Westminster, Saskatoon, and Toronto.

There are also three other eparchys in Canada:



There is also a Roman Catholic Military Ordinariate of Canada for Canadian military personnel.

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