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The Rosebud egg is a jewelled enameled Easter egg made by Michael Perchin under the supervision of the Russianmarker jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1895, for Nicholas II of Russia, who presented the egg to his wife, Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna.

It was the first egg that Nicholas presented to Alexandra.


The egg opens like a bonbonnière to reveal a yellow-enamelled rosebud, in which the two surprises were originally contained. The surprises are missing, but they were a golden crown, with diamonds and rubies, and cabochon ruby pendant. The crown was a reference to Alexandra Fyodorovna's new role as Empress of Russia, following the ascension to the throne by her husband, Nicholas II of Russia.


After the death of Alexander III of Russia, his son, Nicholas married Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, who subsequently became Empress Alexandra of Russia, following the ascension to the throne by her husband, Nicholas II of Russia. Princess Alix missed the rose garden of Rosenhöhe, Darmstadtmarker, and so this egg reminded her of them during her first Easter with her new husband. The familiar yellow rose in 1895 was the yellow China tea rose that had been introduced by Parkes from China in 1824, re-bloomed in fall and was a staple of milder gardens than Saint Petersburg, where it was not hardy. Yellow roses were the most valued ones in the Empress' native Germany.

The egg embodied Fabergé's embrace of Neo-Classicism, in opposition to the dominance of Art Nouveau in late 19th century contemporary design. Fabergé charged 3,250 rubles for the egg.

In 1917 the egg was confiscated by the Russian Provisional Government and later sold to Emanuel Snowman of the jewellers Wartski around 1927. It was owned by a certain Charles Parsons in the 1930s, and was lost for decades, amid rumours that it had been damaged in a marital dispute. It was this damage that helped Malcolm Forbes identify the egg when he purchased it in 1985 from the Fine Art Societymarker in London. In 2004 it was sold as part of the Forbes Collection to Viktor Vekselberg. Vekselberg purchased some nine Imperial eggs from the collection, for almost $100 million.

See also

External links


  1. Henry Curtis, Beauties of the Rose (1850-1853).

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