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Roseland, located on the far south side of the city, is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinoismarker. It includes the neighborhoods of Fernwood, Princeton Park, Lilydale, West Chesterfield, Rosemoor, Sheldon Heights and West Roseland. Roseland was settled in the 1840s by Dutchmarker immigrants who called the area "de Hooge Prairie", the High Prairie because it was built on higher, drier ground than the earlier Dutch settlement several miles further south of the Little Calumet River which was called "de Laage Prairie", the Low Prairie, now South Holland, Illinoismarker.

The community was entirely agrarian until the late 1800s when the town of Pullman, Chicagomarker was built between Roseland and Lake Calumetmarker. George M. Pullman planned a model industrial city built around a factory that manufactured his "Palace" railway coaches. Modern brick homes were built with electricity, plumbing and gas utilities. Skilled tradesmen from all over Europe immigrated to the town of Pullman with many settling in nearby Roseland. Roseland was annexed into Chicago in 1892. The Roseland area became a very cosmopolitan community made up of multi cultural, ethnic and racial backgrounds. Supporting businesses flourished rapidly changing the farmland into commercial and residential communities surrounded by a number of industries. Stores on Michigan Avenue served the entire south side of Chicago.

Fortunes began to change in the 1960s when industry patterns lead to economic decline. Steel mills to the east were shuttered. Pullman scaled back production and eventually closed for good in 1981. A period of rapid ethnic succession took place. Skyrocketing crime rates, gang violence and urban decay forced long time residents and businesses to move away, a phenomenon referred to locally as white flight. New residents purchased homes with federal subsidies and FHA backed mortgages and by the mid '80's Roseland had one of the highest HUD repossession rates in the city. In the mid 1990's, Roseland gained notoriety as the stomping ground of Robert "Yummy" Sandifer, the child who was executed by his gang at age eleven. Much needed economic and social revival remains elusive.

The much lauded mural "I Welcome Myself to a New Place: Roseland Pullman Mural," by Olivia Gude, Jon Pounds, and Marcus Jefferson, 1988, was designed to unite the predominantly African American community of Roseland with its nearest neighbor, the predominantly white Pullman community.


Chicago Public Schools operates public schools.

K-8 schools in Roseland and serving sections of Roseland include Bennett, Cullen, Curtis, Dunne, Gillespie, Haley, L. Hughes, Kohn, and Lavizzo. K-8 Schools outside of Roseland and serving sections of Roseland include Evers, Fernwood, Pullman, Ryder, and Smith.

Two high schools, Fenger High School and Harlan High School, are located in Roseland and serve Roseland. Some Roseland residents are zoned to Corliss High School in Pullmanmarker, while others are zoned to Julian High School in Washington Heightsmarker.

Harlan Academic Center and Turner-Drew, K-8 magnets, are in Roseland. Gwendolyn Brooks College Preparatory Academy, a magnet school, is located in Roseland.

Roseland Christian School, a private school, is in Roseland.

See also

  • I Welcome Myself to a New Place, 1988


  1. " Far South Elementary Schools." Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  2. " High schools far south." Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  3. " Contact." Gwendolyn Brooks College Preparatory Academy. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.

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