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Rostov Oblast: Map


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Rostov Oblast ( , Rostovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russiamarker (an oblast), located in the Southern Federal District. Rostov Oblast lies in the south of Russia with an area of 100,800 kmĀ² and a population of 4,404,013 (2002 Census) making it the fifth most populous federal subject in Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Rostov-on-Donmarker, which also became the administrative center of the Southern Federal District in 2002.


Rostov Oblast borders Ukrainemarker. It also borders Volgograd and Voronezh Oblastsmarker in the north. Lastly, it borders Krasnodar and Stavropol Krais in the south, as well as the Republic of Kalmykia in the east.

Time zone

Rostov Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

Rivers and lakes

The Don River, one of Europe's largest flows through the oblast for part of its course. Lakes cover only 0.4% of the oblast's area.

Administrative divisions


Population: 4,404,013 (2002 Census)

Ethnic groups: Residents identified themselves as belonging to 157 different ethnic groups, including twenty-seven of more than two thousand persons each. The most important communities are the 3,847,337 ethnic Russians:(87.36%); the 118,486 ethnic Ukrainians:(2.69%); the 109,994 ethnic Armenians:(2.50%); and the 87,492 Cossacks:(1.99%), who are normally counted as Russians, but are an important minority in their own right in this area. Other important groups are the 28,285 Turks:(0.64%); 26,604 Belarusians:(0.60%)); 17,849 Tatars:(0.41%); 16,498 Azeris:(0.37%); 15,468 Chechens:(0.35%); 15,138 Roma:(0.34%); 11,669 Koreans:(0.26%); and 10,549 Georgians:(0.24%).

Less populous communities include the 7,599 Moldovans:(0.17%); 6,840 Germans:(0.17%); 6,735 Dargins:(0.15%); 4,984 Jews:(0.11%); 3,968 Avars:(0.09%); 3,659 Lezgins:(0.08%); 3,630 Udmurts:(0.08%); 3,400:Mordovians:(0.08%); 3,153 Greeks:(0.07%); 3,021 Kazakhs:(0.07%); 3,017 Chuvash:(0.07%); 2,667 Ossetians:(0.06%); 2,664 Mari:(0.06%); 2,231 Tabasarans:(0.05%); and 2,040 Assyrians:(0.05%).

There were also 31,529 people (0.72%) belonging to other ethno-cultural groupings. In addition, a further 7,507 (0.17%) of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.


Major industries of Rostov Oblast are agriculture, agricultural industry, food processing, heavy industry, coal and automobile manufacture.



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