Rouen Cathedral ( ) is a
Roman Catholic Gothic cathedral in Rouen, in
is the seat of the Archbishop of
(See Claude Monet Rouen Cathedral
for his paintings of
Gothic except the romanesque crypt
- Early gothic: Saint Romain's tower (12th century), side porches
of the front, a part of the nave.
- High gothic: mainworks: nave, transept, choir, first floor of
the lantern tower (13th century), side chapels, lady's chapel, side
doorways (14th century)
- Late gothic (flamboyant): last storey
of Saint Romain's tower (15th century), butter tower, main porch of
the front, two storeys of the lantern tower (16th century).
The Butter Tower
was erected in the early 16th century.
Butter was banned during Lent and those who did not wish to forgo
this indulgence would donate monies of six deniers
from each diocesan for this permission.
Rouen Cathedral was the tallest
(the lantern tower with the cast iron spire of the
19th century) in the world (151 m) from 1876 to 1880.
windows are still decorated with stained glass of the 13th century,
famous because of a special cobalt blue colour, known as "the blue
It contains a tomb of Richard the
which contains his heart. His bowels were buried
within the church of the Chateau of Châlus-Chabrol in the Limousin.
It was from the walls of the Chateau of Châlus-Chabrol that the
crossbow bolt was fired, which led to his death once the wound
became septic. His corporeal remains were buried next to his
father at Fontevraud
Abbey near Chinon and Saumur, France.
Richard's effigy is on top of the tomb, and his name is inscribed
in Latin on the side.
The Cathedral also contains the tomb of Rollo
(Hròlfr or Robert ), one of Richard's ancestors, the founder and
first ruler of the Viking principality in what soon became known as
The cathedral contained the black marble tomb of John Plantagenet
or John Lancaster, Duke of
Bedford, who is considered to be Joan of
's murderer. He became a canon priest of the cathedral after
her death. His original tomb was destroyed by the calvinists
in the 16th century but there remains a
commemorative plaque .
Renaissance stained-glass, south
The Calvinists damaged much of the furniture, tombs, stained-glass
windows and statuary during the wars of religion in the 16th
The French State nationalized the building in the 18th century and
sold some of its furniture and statues to make money. The chapel
fences were melted down to make guns.
In the second world war, the cathedral was bombed in April 1944,
taking 7 bombs. The bombs narrowly missed destroying a key pillar
of the lantern tower, but damaged much the south aisle and
destroyed two rose windows. One of the bombs did not explode. A
second bombing before the D-day landings in June 1944), burned the
the oldest tower, north tower. During the fire the bells melted,
leaving molten remains on the floor.
In 1999, during a violent wind storm
a copper-clad wooden turret, which weighed 26 tons, fell into the
church and damaged the choir.
Entrance to Rouen Cathedral
- Roy Lichtenstein also made his
series of pictures representing the Cathedral's front.