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The Rouge River
The Rouge River is a two river system. Little Rouge and Rouge River are in the east and the northeast parts of Torontomarker and begin at the Oak Ridges Moraine near Leslie Street and 19th Avenue in Richmond Hillmarker. These rivers flow past:

At the southern end, the Rouge River system is the boundary between Torontomarker and southwestern Pickeringmarker. Rouge River empties into Lake Ontariomarker.

Its original name in Iroquois was Katabokokonk.

The Rouge River is part of the Rouge Parkmarker is the largest urban park in North America. It is one of a few wilderness areas left in South-Central Ontario, and has been virtually untouched by development since the arrival of Europeans. While many exclusive homes and conclaves border this area on the southern tip, it is currently surrounded largely by agricultural land. It is even devoid of recreational development but sports a considerable network of walking or bicycle paths. Unlike other rivers in the Torontomarker area, is allowed to fill its entire flood plain on a regular basis rather than being forced through an artificial channel. However, parts of its watershed include the Toronto Zoomarker and the Beare Road Landfill.

In the former city of Scarborough, the Rouge was the "third rail" issue of municipal politics, and many minor candidates for mayor often ran on a platform to preserve it. However, since Scarborough was annexed into the city of Toronto, Toronto City Council has voted on occasion to allow development around the river. For much of the course of the system in Toronto is still parkland or farmland.

As for the York Region sections, the southern watershed runs through residential development and lined with a few small parks. The source of the system is either natural or farmland.

Currently, there is a degree of abandonment in the area, of former farm lands, and historic houses. There also remains many historic houses which are still lived in, some even farmed. Research on Toronto's website listing its holdings of historic properties reveals over 20 historic buildings in the area, including Hillside PS, Scarborough's first schoolhouse, which sits across the street from a house built by the Pearse family in 1855.


Various tributary creeks meets up with booth the Rouge and Little Rouge River in Markham and Toronto:

  • Little Rouge Creek - runs northeast via Cedar Grove, Locust Hill, Dickson Hill, Ringwood, Lemonville and Bloomington (Kennedy Road-Bethesda Road to Kingston Road and Altona Road) - flows into Rouge River

  • Katabokokonk Creek - a short creek runs in northeast Markham (west of Ressor Road and Don Cousens Parkway to Major Mackenzie Drive and west of Reesor Road) and bears the original name of the Rouge - creek flows into Little Rouge River

  • Bruce Creek - starts in several ponds in the southeast corner of Auroramarker, flows briefly through the northeast corner of Richmond Hillmarker, then southeast in the southwest corner of Whitchurch-Stouffvillemarker, through Bruce's Mills Conservation Area and into Markham. It flows through Angus Glen Golf Clubmarker and into Toogood Pond in Unionvillemarker, just before which the tributary Berczy Creek joins. The creek runs several hundred metre more to its mouth just east of Kennedy Road (Kennedy-Highway 7 to Woodbine Avenue north of Bloomington Road) - flows into Rouge River

  • Beaver Creekmarker flows to from Richmond Hill to the future Downtown Markham development (Major Mackenzie Drive-Bayview Avenue to Warden-Highway 407) - flows into Rouge River

  • Morningside Creek - flows from an area near Dension Avenue and Markham Road to southwest of the Toronto Zoo and east of Morningside Road - flows into Rouge River

  • Apple Creek - a small creek branching off Beaver Creek near Highway 7 and Rodick Road and runs between residential developments in a northwest direction to 16th Avenue and Buttonfield Road (just south of Cachet Centre shopping mall)

  • Carleton Creek - runs from Woodbine Avenue and Major Mackenzie Drive to Toogood Pond at 16th Avenue and Kennedy Road
  • Robinson Creek from east end of Milne Park at 48 and Highway 7 to north of Elgin Mills between McCowan Road and Kennedy Road
  • Berczy Creek - branches from Bruce at Highway 7 and Woodbine Avenue to north of Stouffville Road and Woodbine Avenue
  • Exhibition Creek from Markham and Highway 7 to north of 16th Avenue and Highway 48


The headwaters or sources of the Rouge River and its tributaries are found in the Oak Ridges Moraine. Water flows down from the elevated moraine towards Lake Ontariomarker. The source stretches from Bathurst Street and Stouffville Road in the west in a northeast direction to Woodbine Avenue and Bloomington Road and then eastwards to east of Ninth Line and Bloomington Road.

  • Rouge River - a wooded area between farmland
  • Bruce Creek - unnamed and small pond near Preston Lake in a wooded area off Highway 404
  • Katabokokonk Creek - wooded area north of Major Mackenzie Drive and west of Reesor Road
  • Little Rouge Creek - begins under farmland
  • Beaver Creek - ponds between a mall and residential homes


The Rouge River is part of the Carolinian life zone that is found in Southern Ontario.


A list of parks along the Rouge:

  • Bob Hunter Memorial Park
  • Littles Road Park
  • Morningview Ravine Park
  • Woodlands Park
  • Glen Rouge Park
  • Rouge Valley Park, Markham
  • Milne Park, Markham
  • Apple Creek Park
  • Cedar Valley Park
  • Mount Joy Lake Park
  • Springdale Park
  • Monarch Park
  • Ashton Meadows Park
  • Artisan Park - Beaver Creek
  • Beaver Greenway - Beaver Creek
  • Bruce Creek Park
  • Berczy Creek Park
  • Boyton Woods Park
  • Elgin Mills Cemetery

Golf courses

  • Parkview Golf Course
  • Markham Green Golf Course
  • Unionville Fairways Golf Course
  • York Downs Golf and Country Club
  • Angus Glen Golf Course
  • Markham Golf Club
  • Buttonville Fairways Golf Centre

See also

External links

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