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Round-tower churches are a type of church found mainly in Englandmarker, almost solely in East Angliamarker; of about 185 surviving examples in the country, 124 are in Norfolk, 38 in Suffolk, 6 in Essex, 3 in Sussex and 2 each in Cambridgeshire and Berkshire. There is evidence of about twenty round-tower churches in Germanymarker, of similar design and construction to those in East Anglia. Countries with at least one round-tower church include Andorramarker, the Czech Republicmarker, Denmarkmarker, Francemarker, Italymarker, Swedenmarker, Norwaymarker, Polandmarker and South Africa.

The distinctive feature of these churches is, of course, their round towers. The reason for their construction – mostly by the Saxons – is a matter of dispute. Suggested explanations include the following:

  • Round-tower churches are found in areas lacking normal building stone, and are therefore built of knapped flint. Corners are difficult to construct in flint, hence the thick, round walls of the towers.
  • The churches are found in areas subject to raids from, for example, the Vikings, and were built as defensive structures, churches being added later. In fact, however, the towers are generally too short to have been of much use defensively, and the towers were often added to existing churches, having flat walls where they joined the main structure.
  • In 937 King Athelstan (924–939), the first King of all England, decrees that a bell tower be built on the land of every thane; an existing trend of building bell towers on to existing churches was thus accelerated.

Many other (less likely) explanations are offered in communities containing the churches, including appeals to ancient stone circles and the remains of wells.

Round-tower churches should not be confused with similarly shaped structures such as the Irish round towers found in Irelandmarker and Scotlandmarker, or with round churches, which have a circular plan and are often found in Denmarkmarker or Swedenmarker.

List of round tower churches in England








  • Round Tower Churches Society
  • Focus on Round Tower — by John Worrall
  • W. J. Goode, Round Tower Churches of South East England (Round Tower Churches Society)
  • Lyn Stilgoe and Dorothy Shreeve, The Round Tower Churches of Norfolk, Canterbury Press, Norwich; ISBN 1-85311-448-0

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