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Round Rock is a city located in Travismarker and Williamson Counties in the U.S. state of Texasmarker. A part of the metropolitan area, its population was 61,136 at the 2000 census. The 2008 census estimate placed the population at 104,446.[23354]

In August 2008, Money Magazine named Round Rock as the 7th best American small city to live in.[23355] Money based this ranking on an estimated annual income of $85,809 per household, and job growth of 45.15% from 2000-2007 (well above the 18.6% National average). Round Rock was the only Texas city to make the Top 10. In a CNN article dated July 1, 2009, Round Rock was listed as the second fastest growing city in the country, with a population growth of 8.2% in the last year. [23356]

According to the 2008 ratings from the Texas Education Agency[23357], the Round Rock Independent School District ranks among the best in the state. Of 42 schools within RRISD, 12 were rated exemplary and 11 are recognized. No RRISD schools received an academically unacceptable rating.

Round Rock is located on the prairie east of the Balcones Escarpment, and about a 20 minute drive north of Austin, or 45 minute drive during rush hour. Several toll roads now connect it with the greater Austin area, easing the traffic congestion somewhat.

Round Rock has been represented in the Texas House of Representatives since 2009 by Democratic member Diana Maldonado, a former Round Rock ISD school board member.

History

In 1851 a small community was formed on the banks of Brushy Creek, near a large round rock located in the middle of the creek. This round rock marked a convenient low-water crossing for wagons, horses and cattle. The first postmaster called the community Brushy Creek, but in 1854 the small settlement was renamed Round Rock in honor of this now famous rock. The "round rock" is located near Chisholm Trail Street in the middle of Brushy Creek. After the Civil War, Jesse Chisholm began to move cattle from South Texas through Round Rock, on the way to Abilene, Kansasmarker. The route he established, which crossed Brushy Creek at the round rock became known as the Chisholm Trail. Most of the old buildings, including the old Saint Charles Hotel are still there today. This historic area is now called "Old Town."

Downtown Round Rock is the site of the gunfight and subsequent capture (then death) of the nineteenth-century American train robber, Sam Bassmarker, by the Texas Ranger Division on July 19, 1878. The event is known locally as the "Sam Bass Shootout." This shootout is recreated each year in Downtown Round Rock. Bass is buried in Round Rock Cemetery, located northwest of "Old Town" on Sam Bass Road. His original headstone can be found on display at the Round Rock Public Library.

Infamous con man Soapy Smith lived in Round Rock and claimed to have witnessed the Sam Bass shootout. It was in this city that Soapy started his criminal career.

Sports

Round Rock is home to the Class AAA Pacific Coast League minor league baseball team Round Rock Express, which is owned by Nolan Ryan. Games are played at the Dell Diamond.

Round Rock opened a free public skate park in 2007. The park is located behind the Clay Madsen Recreation Center on Gattis School Road. The grand opening ceremonies were postponed three times due to vandalism, inclement weather and construction delays, but were finally held on July 20, 2007. The ribbon cutting ceremony was followed-up with trick competitions, giveaways by Mustache Skateboards, and music from Infinity Audio-Mobile DJs.

Round Rock is the self-proclaimed Sports Capital of Texas.

Geography

Round Rock is located at (30.514865, -97.672561) , 17 miles (27 km) north of Austinmarker, and 10 miles (16 km) south of Georgetownmarker. Elevation

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68.0 km2), of which, 26.1 square miles (67.7 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) of it (0.50%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 61,136 people, 21,076 households, and 15,933 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,339.1 people per square mile (903.0/km2). There were 21,766 housing units at an average density of 832.8/sq mi (321.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.76% White, 7.72% African American, 0.50% Native American, 2.89% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 9.47% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.10% of the population.

There were 21,076 households out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.29. The median price for a house in Round Rock in 2006 was $150,322.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 38.8% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 4.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

Round Rock is generally considered to be culturally conservative; and is seen as an alternative living choice to Austin.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $67,492, and the median income for a family was $76,062.[23358] Males had a median income of $41,971 versus $30,807 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,911. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The corporate headquarters for Dell, Inc. is located in Round Rock. Round Rock has more than 20 major employers including: Toppan Photomasks, Sears Customer Care, Ikea, Round Rock Premium Outlets, KoMiCo Technology Inc., Texas Guaranteed Student Loans, Cintas, and TECO/Westinghouse.

Education

The city is within the Round Rock Independent School District. Round Rock is also served by the Round Rock Higher Education Center which combines the efforts of Texas State University-San Marcosmarker, Austin Community College, and Temple College at Taylor to offer educational opportunities in North Austin and Williamson County.

References

  1. City of Round Rock - History
  2. City of Round Rock - Sam Bass
  3. Round Rock Skate Park, accessed August 11, 2007.
  4. Round Rock (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  5. Round Rock Chamber of Commerce: Major Employers


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