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Rowland Heights is an unincorporated community of , in Los Angeles County, California, located in the San Gabriel Valley. The population was 48,553 at the 2000 census. Rowland Heights is an unincorporated community (not a city) dependent upon County of Los Angeles representation (County Board of Supervisors).

History

This area of the Los Angeles basin was once an inland sea before the last ice age. Many fossils can still be found around the area. One place that still has exposed fossils from ancient sea life that once swam this prehistoric sea is located behind the McDonald's on Stoner Creek Road across from the Stoner Creek Car Wash, which locals called fossil hill. Local kids would go there to find treasures, such as sea life encrusted in sand dollars.

The Mexican land grant Rancho La Puentemarker was granted to John Rowland and William Workman in 1842. In 1868, John Rowland and William Workman divided Rancho La Puente, leaving Rowland the eastern half and Workman the western half. Rowland Heights was originally part of the Workman Temple homestead in California's rancho days. The original John A. Rowland homestead is now behind the 99 Ranch Market near the corner of Gale Avenue and Nogales Street. The homestead is no longer there and it's going to be developed into a commercial zone.

Rowland Heights has grown significantly during the 1990s. Originally built on a pig farm that covered much of modern day Rowland Heights, the Rowland Homestead was mostly orange groves until the eastward sprawl from Los Angeles spawned working-class communities and affordable housing developments then formed. As the 60 freeway was extended beyond the western boundary, the community continued growth equal to that of most communities in Southern California. Development next to the freeway, zoned for industrial investment, eventually helped to support the housing developments that continued well into the twenty-first century.

Since the 1980s, many upper-middle-class immigrants from Taiwanmarker and South Koreamarker have settled in the hillside homes of Rowland Heights (and in neighboring regions such as Hacienda Heightsmarker, Walnutmarker, and Diamond Barmarker). Also, Rowland Heights has also attracted immigrants from mainland China because the area is advertised in China as having good homes and convenient shopping. Additionally, working-class Latinos have settled in the lower, flat sections. The city has developed an eclectic suburban "Chinatown" and "Koreatown", mostly in the form of upscale strip malls mostly on Colima Road, with another concentration around Nogales Street. There are several large Asian supermarkets - such as a 99 Ranch Market (billed as the chain's largest location during the late 1980s, but no longer), Hong Kong Supermarket, and Monterey Park-based Shun Fat Supermarket (a relatively recent development that replaced Vons market) - in the area. Also there are Korean supermarkets such as DoReMi Market (it used to be known as HanGook Market but changed its name recently) and Greenland Market.

Once predominantly Anglo and Hispanic, this area has gradually become one of the Chinese centers in the greater Los Angeles. Originally formed by the stream of business expansions from Monterey Parkmarker (now a heavily mainland Chinese enclave), which is the undisputed "Chinatown" of Los Angeles, Rowland Heights has become an area comparable to a "Chinatown" by itself largely populated by Taiwanese. Locals refer to Rowland Heights as "Little Taipei", due to its high concentration of Taiwanesemarker restaurants and businesses. It has become the center for Chinese commercial and cultural activity in the southeastern region of the San Gabriel Valley. While Rowland Heights and adjacent areas are still predominantly waishengren (mainland Chinese refugees who fled to Taiwan in 1949), in recent years many mainland Chinese] emigres have also been increasingly purchasing homes and starting small businesses in the area. As an example, some eateries of Taiwanese cuisine are now actually operated by mainland Chinese. Additionally, there are several popular eateries in the area, including Supreme Dragon (serving mainland Chinese noodle and dumplings), a Taiwanese-style food court inside a strip mall, and Happy Harbor Seafood Restaurant (inside of the 99 Ranch Market center) as well as several trendy restaurants geared towards the young and affluent Asian population. More recently, a popular branch of the Taco Bell fast-food franchise very close to a local high school was replaced by a Vietnamese beef noodle soup (or Pho) restaurant, located at the corner of Colima Road and Otterbein Avenue.

Perhaps owing to Rowland Heights as the cultural center for the Chinese diaspora - thus far, mostly 49er Taiwanese with a growing number of mainland Chinese - and as the connection to and from northern Orange County (mostly to the city of La Habra), Fullerton Road in Rowland Heights is among the heavily traversed roads in the region with frequent gridlock.

As with most housing patterns in the Southland, pricier homes are usually found on the nearby hills, while more affordable housing is located close to the freeways. In this case, these are located near Highway 60 by the City of Industry.

Local politics

As part of an unincorporated community, Rowland Heights residents, HHHH circa 1980, formed a series of community based organizations, including the Rowland Heights Community Coordinating Council (or RHCCC) to give input to their government representatives (the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors) and their State and Federal legislators. Among the items of concern for the residents was the growth of the community away from a semi-rural setting to a more highly congested area. As a result, the Rowland Heights General Plan was formed to govern the growth of the community. Over the years these Rowland Heights community based organizations slowly disbanded until approximately 2000, when the Rowland Heights residents reestablished the RHCCC to take on the issues of unmitigated and unplanned growth (increased building density), traffic, lack of community services, among other items. Through hardwork, the residents were able to work with their County of Los Angeles representatives to put in place building density and design standards to control growth to some extent. To this day, the RHCCC continues to exist as a community-based organization of resident volunteers consisting of a Nine Person Board of Directors, a Development Committee, Community Improvement Committee, Membership Committee and other committees and task forces. The RHCCC is dedicated to provide a forum and a conduit for the flow of information for the residents of Rowland Heights regarding issues that affect the community and quality of life. It conducts a general meeting to present information to the public (including proposed development projects), a Board meeting to analyze community input and concerns and formulate a plan regarding how to address the same, a Development Committee to study proposed projects and their impact on the community, a Membership Committee to promote and increase awareness of community issues, and a Community Improvement Committee to address concerns with items such as graffiti abatement and community beautification.

Unlike its unincorporated neighbor to the west (Hacienda Heightsmarker), Rowland Heights has never held a cityhood election. However, recent talks about the County shortchanging the area in terms of basic services, the views of the RHCCC, the potential development of the hills above Rowland Heights along with annexation from the ever-encroaching Diamond Bar - concerned residents have banded together in a Political Action Committee the Rowland Heights Advocate for City Hood ID#1296887 to research the possibility of becoming a city.

Another interesting site was the Nike Missile Base nestled in the hills overlooking the city, which was formally known as LA29. The site spanned nearly two miles in length across the hilltop between Rowland Heights and Brea, but the magazines, firing control site, radar pedestals, and tunnels are only ruins now. As Jan 2007 now completely gone.

Geography

Rowland Heights is located at (33.980962, -117.889791).

Rowland Heights is located in Los Angeles County. It lies where Los Angeles County, Orange Countymarker and San Bernardino Countymarker meet.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of , all of it land.

Demographics

Rowland Heights CDP

Population by year [15915]



2000 48,553

1990 42,647

1980 28,252

1970 16,881



As of the census of 2000, there were 48,553 people, 14,175 households, and 11,963 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,380.7 people per square mile (2,078.3/km²). There were 14,543 housing units at an average density of 1,611.7/sq mi (622.5/km²). The racial distribution of the CDP was 29.26% White, 2.61% African American, 0.46% Native American, 50.32% Asian, 0.31% Pacific Islander, 12.83% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.32% of the population.

There were 14,175 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.6% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41 and the average family size was 3.64.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $52,270, and the median income for a family was $56,065. Males had a median income of $40,669 versus $30,432 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,315. About 9.5% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

State and federal politics

In the state legislature Rowland Heights is located in the 24th and 29th Senate Districts, represented by Democrat Gloria J. Romero and Republican Bob Huff respectively, and in the 58th and 60th Assembly Districts, represented by Democrat Charles M. Calderon and Republican Curt Hagman respectively. Federally, Rowland Heights is located in California's 38th and 42nd congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of D +20 and R +10 and are represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano and Republican Gary Miller respectively.

Transportation

Foothill Transit and the Metro provide bus transit services throughout the San Gabriel Valley. The main Metro Bus Terminal is in El Montemarker. In addition, the Metrolink commuter train runs west towards Downtown Los Angelesmarker and east to San Bernardinomarker through the Valley.

Several cities such as Monterey Parkmarker and West Covinamarker provide their own in-city transportation shuttles. The fare is usually 25 cents.

The San Gabriel Valley is served by several major freeways, including the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10), Foothill Freeway (I-210), San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605), and the Long Beach Freeway (I-710). State highways include the Orange Freeway (State Route 57), the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60), Ventura Freeway (State Route 134), and the Pasadena Freeway (State Route 110).

The Long Beach Freeway (I-710) ends abruptly (or begins, depending on one's perspective) on the western border of Alhambramarker, near California State University, Los Angelesmarker. For several years, the extension of the 710 Freeway to the 110 Freeway in Pasadena has generated a long, controversial, and contentious debate. Many residents in South Pasadenamarker fear losing their homes and businesses to clear the way for construction. The MTA, an ardent proponent of the extension, has proposed the idea of constructing an underground tunnel connecting the two freeways.

In 2002, the Foothill Freeway was extended beginning from San Dimasmarker and La Vernemarker, just outside of the San Gabriel Valley area. It replaced the State Route 30 and it reaches into San Bernardino Countymarker.

State Route 39 (Azusa Avenue and San Gabriel Canyon Road) leads north into the San Gabriel Mountainsmarker to the Crystal Lake Recreation Areamarker. The portion connecting to the Angeles Crest Highway (State Route 2) is inaccessible and has been closed off since the early 1970s due to rockslides.

China Airlines operates private bus services to Los Angeles International Airportmarker from Hong Kong Super Market at 18414 Colima Road in Rowland Heights, 91748 to feed its flight to Taipeimarker, Taiwanmarker..

Political Representation - Government

U.S. Senate: California

Barbara Boxer (Democrat)

URL: Senator Boxer's Homepage

U.S. Senate: California

Dianne Feinstein (Democrat)

URL: Senator Feinstein's Homepage

U.S. Congress: 38th District

Grace Napolitano (Democrat)

URL: Congresswoman Napolitano's Homepage

U.S. Congress: 42nd District

Gary G. Miller (Republican)

URL: Congressman Miller's Homepage

California State Senate: 24th District

Gloria J. Romero (Democrat)

URL: Senator Romero's Homepage

California State Senate: 29th District

Bob Huff (Republican)

URL: Senator Huff's Homepage

California State Assembly: 58th District

Charles M. Calderon (Democrat)

URL: Assemblyman Calderon's Homepage

California State Assembly: 60th District

Curt Hagman (Republican)

URL: Assemblyman Hagman's Homepage

Los Angeles County: 4th Supervisorial District

Don Knabe (Republican)

URL: Supervisor Knabe's Homepage

Community Representation - Public

Rowland Unified School DistrictURL: Tri-lingual Website

Regional Chamber of Commerce - San Gabriel Valley

URL: Homepage

Rowland Heights Community Coordinating Council

URL: RHCCC Homepage

Rowland Water DistrictURL: Homepage

Walnut Valley Water DistrictURL: Homepage

Three Valleys Municipal Water DistrictURL: District Map

Gallery

Image:Rowland education district.jpg|Education district officeImage:Rowland library.jpg‎|Public Library BranchImage:Colima Nogales.jpg‎|Colima/Nogales intersectionImage:Alvarado Elementary.jpg‎ |Alvarado Intermediate SchoolImage:Killian elementary.jpg‎|Killian ElementaryImage:Rowland High School.jpg|John A. Rowland High SchoolImage:Pathfinder Park.jpg|Pathfinder Park seen from the bottom levelImage:Pathfinder Park Playground.jpg|The playground in Pathfinder park at the upper levelImage:Rowland Heights Night.jpg|A panoramic image from Vantage Pointe

References

  1. " Complimentary Bus Service to LAX," China Airlines


External links




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