Roy A. Rappaport
a distinguished anthropologist
for his contributions to the anthropological study of ritual
and to ecological anthropology
received his Ph.D. at Columbia
University and then held a position at the University of
Michigan. One of his publications, Pigs for the
Ancestors: Ritual in the Ecology of a New Guinea People
(1968), is an ecological account of ritual among the Tsembaga Maring of New Guinea.
This book is often considered the most
influential and most cited work in ecological anthropology (see
McGee and Warms 2004). In that book, and elaborated elsewhere,
Rappaport coined the distinction between a people's cognized environment
, that is between how a people
interpret their ecological niche and how their reality actually
served as Chair of the Department of Anthropology, University of
Michigan, and as a past president of the American Anthropological
Rappaport died of cancer in 1997.
- McGee, R. Jon and Richard L. Warms (2004) Anthropological
Theory: An Introductory History. New York: McGraw Hill.
- Rappaport, R.A. (1968) Pigs for the Ancestors. New
Haven: Yale University Press.
- Rappaport, R.A. (1979) Ecology, Meaning and Religion.
Richmond: North Atlantic Books.
- Rappaport, R.A. (1984) Pigs for the Ancestors. 2nd
edition. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Rappaport, R.A. (1999) Ritual and Religion in the Making of
Humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.