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The Royal Anglian Regiment (R ANGLIAN) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division.

The regiment was formed in 1964 as the first of the new large infantry regiments, through the amalgamation of the four regiments of the East Anglian Brigade.



The Royal Anglian Regiment serves as the county regiment for the following counties:

History

Initially formed of seven battalions (four regular and three TA), the regiment was reduced in 1975 with the loss of the 4th (Leicestershire) Battalion to three regular battalions and three TA. The regiment was reduced again in 1992 to two regular and two TA battalions with the loss of the 3rd (16th/44th Foot) and 5th Battalions. As one of the existing large regiments, the Royal Anglian Regiment is unaffected by the restructuring of the infantry that was announced in 2004. The remaining Territorial battalion of the regiment, the East of England Regiment was re-designated on the 1st of April 2006 as the 3rd Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment as part of the reforms.

The two regular battalions have the nicknames the Vikings (1st Bn) and the Poachers (2nd Bn). The old regular 3rd Battalion was nicknamed the Pompadours, and the fourth the Tigers.

In 1995, each battalion renamed its companies in order to perpetuate its lineage from the old County regiments:







All regular battalions of the regiment have carried out tours-of-duty throughout "The Troubles" in Northern Irelandmarker. The most costly time for the regiment in NI occurred in the 1970s and 1980s when they lost eighteen soldiers, the last in 1989. Despite violence in Northern Ireland having largely subsided, the regiment continues to be posted there. When in Northern Ireland, the R ANGLIANs, like the rest of the Army, is primarily used to provide support to the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

Throughout the 1960s, the regiment served in Adenmarker, where they operated against guerillas fighting against the British presence such as in the Radfan. They also garrisoned Maltamarker, the Persian Gulfmarker, and Cyprusmarker. The regiment has continued to carry out tours of Cyprus into recent times; the last was carried out by 2 R ANGLIAN in 1998.

The 1st battalion also served in Northern Ireland between 89 Aug to 90 Jan (South Armagh), Apr to 91 Oct (Fermanargh) and Dec 93 to 94 June (Co Tyrone). They also did short tours of Cyprus (1992) and the U.S. (Fort Lewis) in 1995. Also in 1995 the 1st Battalion was sent to Croatia during the time UN soldiers were being taken hostage by local militia. As part of 24 Airmobile Brigade they were sent there between July and Oct of that year.

During the crisis in the Balkans in the early 1990s, 2 R ANGLIAN was deployed to Bosniamarker in April 1994 as part of the UN peacekeeping force UNPROFOR. During the tour, Corporal Andrew Rainey became one of the first ever other ranks to win the Military Cross, for his actions during a heavy contact between 3 Platoon, A Company and a Bosnian Serb military unit on the confrontation line in the north of the Maglaj Finger. The battalion left later in the year, having suffered a single loss by a landmine. Shortly after British forces intervened in Sierra Leonemarker during its civil war, the 2nd Battalion briefly joined the IMATT force in June 2000 to help train the Sierra Leonean armed forces.

In 1996 C Company (1st Bn) was sent with the Parachute Brigade that was taking part in the biggest Airborne exercise since the Second World War in South Carolinamarker, U.S. During this exercise WOII "Boogie" Boulton was killed in a Road Traffic Accident (RTA).

In March 2002, 1 R ANGLIAN was sent to Afghanistanmarker, where it was based in the capital Kabulmarker as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The battalion often patrolled the more dangerous parts of the capital to maintain order in a city under constant fear of attack by Al Qaida and the Taliban. The ISAF force at that time was commanded by Major-General John McColl, a former officer with 1 R ANGLIAN and 2 R ANGLIAN; he commanded the latter between 1992–1994. The battalion left in June, having suffered a single loss due to an accident. The following February, A company of 2 R ANGLIAN was posted to Kabul in June 2003. They were replaced by C Company in June.

In 2005 1 R ANGLIAN had a successful tour in Iraq as part of Op TELIC 6 where the battle group was responsible the Basra Rural South area of operations. C (Essex) Company was detached to act as a Brigade Operations Company and was involved in several high profile arrest operations including the arrest in Basra of 14 insurgents.

In spring 2006 2 R ANGLIAN deployed to Iraq as part of Op TELIC 8 and formed Basrah City South Battlegroup. C (Northamptonshire) company was detached to operate as part of Force Reserve and was involved in many high profile arrest and strike operations. During the tour the Regiment mourned the loss of two soldiers; on 13 May 2006 Private Joseva Lewaicei and Adam Morris died as a result of injuries sustained from a roadside bomb attack in Basra. A third soldier was badly injured.

From March to September 2007 as part of 12th Mechanised Brigade 1 R Anglian was deployed to Afghanistan as part of Operation Herrick 6. This deployment was the subject of the Sky One documentary Ross Kemp in Afghanistan, broadcast in January/February 2008. A book has also been written by a former commanding officer about the battalion on this tour, Attack State Red, published by Penguin. They were stationed in the infamous Helmand Province and faced some of the fiercest fighting since the Korean War. The fighting attracted much media attention due to the ferocity of the combat with soldiers often having to resort to using bayonets. The battalion suffered 9 casualties during its tour, 5 hostile and 4 accident

1 R ANGLIAN (as of 2007) is part of 12th Mechanised Brigade, based in Pirbrightmarker. As mechanised infantry the battalion primarily operates the FV432 Bulldog. By the end of the arms plot in 2009, the 1st Battalion will be permanently based at Bulfordmarker.

2 R ANGLIAN (as of 2007) is part of the 7 Armoured Brigade 'The Desert Rats' and is based at Cellemarker in Germany . The battalion operates in the light infantry role.

23 August, 2007 friendly fire incident

In a reported friendly fire incident, on 23 August 2007, one of a pair United States Air Force F-15E fighter aircraft called in to support a fighting patrol of the 1st Battalion in Afghanistanmarker dropped a bomb which killed three soldiers in the patrol, and injuring two others. It was subsequently revealed that the F-15 in question was based at RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk.

The Bermuda Regiment

The Royal Anglian Regiment has a unique relationship with the Bermuda Regiment, a Territorial battalion of the British Overseas Territory of Bermudamarker. Although the Bermuda Regiment is usually described as an affiliated regiment, its relationship to the Regiment is more akin to that of one of Royal Anglian's own TA battalions. The Bermuda Regiment is an amalgamation of the old Bermuda Militia Artillery and Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps (BVRC, which had been renamed the Bermuda Rifles). During the Great War, the latter unit had sent two drafts to serve as part of the 1 Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment, one of Royal Anglian Regiment's predecessors, on the Western Front. The affiliation of the Lincolns and the BVRC was made official after the War, with the Lincolns adopting the same role it fulfilled to its own TA battalions: providing seconded Permanent Staff Instructors and officers. The BVRC sent two more drafts to the Lincolns during the Second World War. When the BVRC was amalgamated into the Bermuda Regiment in 1965, the Royal Anglian Regiment, as successor to the Royal Lincolns, continued the paternal relationship. In addition to providing a PSI to each of the Bermuda Regiment's companies, many other Royal Anglian Regiment personnel have been seconded or loaned to the Bermuda Regiment over the years. The Bermuda Regiment's first nine Adjutants (from 1965 to 1984) were all RAR officers. Three of its past Regimental Sergeant Majors were seconded from the Royal Anglian Regiment. In 1992, the Bermuda Regiment had two serving Lieutenant-Colonels, as its Staff Officer, a Royal Anglian Major, was promoted to the same rank as its Commanding Officer (CO). In 1996, the Bermuda Regiment's Second-In-Command, Staff Officer, and Adjutant were all on secondment from the Royal Anglians. Additionally, senior NCOs are loaned to the Bermuda Regiment for the duration of its annual Recruit Camps, with one attached to each platoon of its Training Company.

The Junior NCOs (Corporals and Lance-Corporals) of the Bermuda Regiment attend Skill-At-Arms courses at the Royal Anglian Regiment depot, and many Bermuda Regiment officers and NCOs have served on attachment with the Royal Anglians. During the 1980s, the entire cadre of officers, warrant officers, and NCOs of the Bermuda Regiment was briefly attached to a battalion of Royal Anglians deployed to Belizemarker.

Future Army Structure

Although there was some doubt, the Regiment has continued unchanged after the reorganisation as part of the Queen's Division. However the Regiment regained its third battalion as successors to the East of England Regiment. The new battalion is called the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment and is composed of local Territorial soldiers.

Traditions

March past in Bedford
  • Regimental Quick March: "Rule Britannia and Speed the Plough"
  • Regimental Slow March: "The Northamptonshire"


Regimental Days
  • 1 August - Minden Day
  • 1 September - The Royal Anglian Regiment Formation Day


Celebrated by the individual battalions (in date order)

  • 2nd Battalion: 10 February - Sobraon Day
  • 1st Battalion: 17 March - St Patrick's Day
  • 1st Battalion: 25 April - Almanzamarker Day
  • 2nd Battalion: 25 June - Hindoostan Day
  • 1st Battalion: 27 June - Dettingen Day
  • 1st Battalion: 22 July - Salamancamarker Day
  • 2nd Battalion: 27 July - Talaveramarker Day
  • 2nd Battalion: 13 August - Blenheim Day


Order of Precedence

Lineage

Lineage
The Royal Anglian Regiment
The 1st East Anglian Regiment
The Royal Norfolk Regiment
The Suffolk Regiment
The 2nd East Anglian Regiment
The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment
The Northamptonshire Regiment
The 48th Regiment of Foot
The 58th Regiment of Foot
The 3rd East Anglian Regiment
The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment
The Essex Regiment
The 44th Regiment of Foot
The 56th Regiment of Foot
The Royal Leicestershire Regiment

Alliances



References

External links



Video



 


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