Royal Dutch Geographical Society, or Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig
Genootschap (KNAG) in Dutch, is
an organization of geographers and those
interested in geography in The Netherlands.
It has about 4000 members and sponsors
lectures on geography. It publishes a scientific magazine,
Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie
of Economic & Social Geography) and Nederlandse Geografische
Studies or NGS (Dutch Geographical Studies). It also has a large
collection of about 135,000 maps and 4500 atlases which have been
housed at a library at the University of Amsterdam since 1880.
organization was founded in 1873 after the founding of comparable
organizations in France in 1821
Géographie) and the United Kingdom in 1830 ( Royal Geographical Society). Pieter
was the first chairman of the KNAG. It organized several
expeditions to Surinam, islands in
Indies archipelago, South Africa and even to visit the indigenous
tribes in North America.
expeditions consisted of scientists from different disciplines, a
photographer and a naval officer. Sometimes a larger military
contingent was necessary if the expedition was travelling to a more
The members of the organization were not just scientists. The
political elite and the commercial elite (bankers, factory owners,
ship owners and captains of merchant ships) were members. It had an
economic agenda as well as a scientific mission.
As Dutch colonies became independent, the work of the KNAG focused
less and less on economic issues, and became more and more
concerned with scientific questions. The Dutch East
Indies became independent in 1949 and Netherlands New Guinea became
independent in 1962.
The last expedition of the KNAG was in
1959 to Netherlands New Guinea.
- Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale
geografie (Journal of Economic & Social Geography),
Edited by: Bouke van Gorp (Executive Editor) and Jan van Weesep
(Editor-in-Chief), Blackwell Publishing website