Rur -German, in Dutch and French:
Roer, — not to be confused with the Ruhr — is a river in Belgium, Germany and the
Netherlands. It is a right tributary to the river Meuse.
About 90% of the river is in Germany.
of the Rur is in the Hautes Fagnes/Hohes Venn National Park, near the 696m high
Botrange in Belgium at an altitude of 660m.
Monschau it flows
into Germany, through North Rhine-Westphalia.
It flows first through the northern part of
After 39 km it reaches the Rurstausee
, the second largest artificial lake in
Germany. After approx. 160 km it flows into the Netherlands,
and at its 170 km mark it flows into the river Meuse in the city Roermond.
tributaries of the river Rur are the Inde and the
Wurm. Cities along the Rur are Monschau, Heimbach, Nideggen, Düren, Jülich, Linnich, Hückelhoven, Heinsberg (all in Germany) and Roermond (Netherlands).
The Rur river
The Rur represented an important front in the Allied push towards
Germany at the end of the Second World
. Between 16 December 1944 and 23 February 1945, the
U.S. Ninth Army
was unable to advance across the
Rur because German forces controlled dams close to the river's
source in the densely forested region of the Hohes Venn. This meant
Axis forces could potentially blow the dams, releasing enough water
to wash out an Allied assault. At the same time, the German
further westward push would leave Allied forces stretched and
supply lines exposed. Eventually the counteroffensive was
overwhelmed and German engineers, under pressure of aerial and
artillery bombardment, released the dams. As the flood waters began
to subside, Allied forces crossed the Rur in rafts in the early
hours of February 23, 1945, as part of Operation Grenade
The Rur near Hückelhoven
until 1815, when Belgium, the Netherlands and parts of Germany were
incorporated into France, there was a
département named after the river
Rur, see Roer
.From Heimbach to Linnich, the tracks of the Rurtalbahn (Rur Valley Railway) run along the