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The Russian Naval Aviation (Russian: Авиация Военно-морского флота России - Aviatsiya Voenno-morskogo Flota Rossii) (formerly the Sovietmarker Aviatsiya Voenno Morskogo Flota), is the air arm of the Russian Navy. The Russian Navy is divided into four fleets and one flotilla: Northern Fleet, Pacific Ocean Fleet, Baltic Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.

The air forces of the most important fleets, the Northern and Pacific fleets, operate Tu-22M3 Backfire-C supersonic missile carriers, long range Tu-142 Bear-F anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Il-38 May medium range ASW aircraft. The relatively small fleets, the Baltic and Black Sea, currently have only tactical Su-24 Fencer C/D bombers and ASW helicopters in service. The small Caspian Flotilla operates An-26 and Mi-8 transports, Ka-27PS rescue helicopters, as well as some Ka-29 and Mi-24 armed helicopters. In 2008, the Russian Navy Deputy Commander for Aviation and Air Defense/Chief of Naval Aviation and Air Defense is Major-General Viktor Viktorovich Popov.

Components

The Russian Naval Aviation consists of the following components:
  • Naval missile-carrying aviation;
  • Shore-based ASW aviation;
  • Attack (Shturmovik) Aviation;
  • Shore-based fighter aviation;
  • Reconnaissance aviation;
  • Shipborne aviation (fighters and ASW aircraft);
  • Auxiliary air units.


Structure

This is the structure of the Russian Naval Aviation, as reproduced from the August 2007 issue of the Air Forces Monthly.

Northern Fleet - HQ Severomorskmarker

Pacific Ocean Fleet - HQ Vladivostokmarker
  • 568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment - HQ at Mongokhtomarker - operating Tu-22M3, Tu-142MR/MZ;
  • 865th Interceptor Aviation Regiment - HQ at Yelizovomarker-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airportmarker) - MiG-31;
  • 317th Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Yelizovo - Tu-142;
  • 71st Independent MIlitary Transport Air Squadron - HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya - An-12, An-24, An-26;
  • 175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron - HQ at Yelizovo - Ka-27;
  • 289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment - HQ at Nikolayevka - Il-38, Ka-27, Ka-29;


Baltic Fleet - HQ Kaliningradmarker

Black Sea Fleet - HQ Sevastopolmarker (Ukrainemarker)
  • 872nd Independent Anti-submarine Helicopter Regiment - HQ at Kacha, Crimea - Ka-27;
  • 917th Independent Composite Air Regiment - HQ at Kacha, Crimea - An-2, An-12, An-26, Be-12, Mi-8;
  • 43rd Independent Naval Shturmovik (Assault) Air Squadron - HQ at Gvardeyskoye, Crimea - Su-25;


Aircraft inventory



Naval Air Arm



Notes

  1. State of the Russian Air Force, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.
  2. Air Forces Monthly, p. 70
  3. Air Forces Monthly, p. 68
  4. Air Forces Monthly, p. 65
  5. Air Forces Monthly, p. 69
  6. Ka-27/29/32 Helix Naval helicopter, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.
  7. Mil Mi-14 Haze, warfare.ru. Retrieved on September 9 2008.


References



Aircraft
Origin
Type
Versions
In service
Notes
Fighter Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker
fighter
Su-27
88
Sukhoi Su-33 Flanker-D
fighter
Su-33
23
designed for service on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsovmarker
Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound
interceptor
MiG-31
30
Bomber Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer
attack
Su-24M
58
planned modernization to reach M2 level.
Su-25 Frogfoot
attack
Su-25UBP/UTG
14
8 UBPs and 6 UTGs - used for training pilots to fly the Su-33 fighter.
Tupolev Tu-22M Backfire
strategic bomber
Tu-22M3
50
35 operational with the Northern Fleet and 15 operational with the Pacific Fleet.
ASW Aircraft
Tupolev Tu-142 Bear-F
long range ASW
Tu-142MK/MZ
16
8 MKs in the Northern Fleet and 8 MZs in the Pacific Fleet.
Il-38 May
medium range ASW
Il-38
26
11 in service with the Northern Fleet, 15 with the Pacific Fleet.
Reconnaissance
Sukhoi Su-24MR Fencer
reconnaissance
Su-24MR
20
Attack Helicopter
Mil Mi-24 Hind
attack helicopter
Mi-24
20
Transport Helicopter
Mil Mi-8 Hip
transport helicopter
Mi-8
35
ASW Helicopter
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
ASW helicopter
Ka-27/29/32
88
72 used for ASW, while the rest of 16 used for transport.
Mil Mi-14 Haze
ASW Helicopter
Mi-14
9
5 used for search-and-rescue, while the other 4 are used for ASW.

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