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Russian hospital ship Portugal ( ) was a steam ship originally built by a French shipping company, but requisitioned for use as a Russianmarker hospital ship during the First World War. On March 17th, 1916 she was sunk by a torpedo from the German U-boat U-33.


She was originally built in 1886 for the Brazil and River Plate Line of the Messageries Maritimes Company. She was chartered or purchased by the Russians for use as a hospital ship in the Black Seamarker.


On March 17th, 1916 the Portugal was towing a string of small flat-bottomed boats to ferry wounded from the shore to the ship. Off Rizehmarker, on the Turkish coast of the Black Seamarker she had stopped as one of the small boats was sinking and repairs were being made. The ship was not carrying wounded at the time, but had a staff of Red Crossmarker workers on board, as well as her usual crew.

The ship's crew saw a periscope approaching the vessel but as the ship was a hospital ship and protected by the Hague conventions no evasive actions were taken. Without warning the submarine fired a torpedo which missed. The submarine, the U-33, came around again fired a torpedo from a distance of 30 feet, which hit near the engine room, breaking the ship into two pieces.

The Vperiod

On June 25 (July 8, on Western Calendar) 1916, another Russian hospital ship, named Vperiod (Вперёд; also transcribed, French-style, as Vperiode) was sunk between Rizeh and Batummarker, allegedly by German submarine U-38. The boat was not carrying wounded (it was on its trip to the frontline); 7 people died, the rest were saved.

The Russian government claimed that Turkish forces sank the Portugal, and the Vperiod. The Turkish government replied that both ships were sunk by mines.

See also


  1. - Call number: SRLF_UCLA:LAGE-3563453
  2. П.Г.Усенко (P.G.Usenko), ] IСТОРIЇ ВЕЛИКОЇ ВIЙНИ 1914–1917 рр. НА ЧОРНОМУ МОРI (From the history of the Great War of the 1914-1917 on the Black Sea). Page 80.

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