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City map of Rzeszów
City hall
Theater of Wanda Siemaszkowa
Palace of Lubomirski family
Rzeszovian women's dress
Historic market square
Farny Square in Rzeszów
Bank
Old Synagogue
University


Rzeszów ( , Riashiv; ; ; ) is a city in south-eastern Polandmarker with a population of 173,130 inhabitants, as of 02.06.2009.
It was granted a town charter in 1354, the capital and largest city of the Subcarpathian Voivodeshipmarker (since 1999), previously of Rzeszów Voivodeship (1945–1998).


Rzeszów is served by an international airportmarker, is a member of Eurocities, and is home to a number of higher education schools, company headquarters, and foreign consulates.

Location

Rzeszów is located on both sides of the Wisłokmarker river. It is located in the heartland of the Sandomierska valley. Rzeszów is also the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeshipmarker, and seat of the Rzeszów Countymarker.

History

Rzeszów was founded in 1354 by king Casimir III of Poland. For a long time it was just a domain of the noble family of Lubomirski, one of the most important in Poland. Besides having a famous annual market, Rzeszów remained only another city on the trade route to Hungary. In 1658 Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski established the Piarist school, the second secondary school in Poland. During the XIX century Rzeszów began to lose significance in favour of Przemyślmarker. Development of Rzeszów started when in 1937 military industry was located in the city: Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze, producing aircraft engines, and a cannon factory a branch of Hipolit Cegielski factory (see: Central Industrial Area).

Until on the outbreak of World War II the Jews of Rzeszów numbered 15,000, more than one-third of the total population. The town was occupied by the Germanmarker Army on 10 September 1939. German persecution of the Jews began almost immediately, by the end of 1939, there were 10 forced labour camps in the Rzeszów region and many Jews became slave labourers in the region. Jews were forced to live in the Gestapomarker-controlled ghetto. Many Jews managed to flee to Sovietmarker occupied Polandmarker. By June 1940, the number of Jews in Rzeszów had decreased to 11,800, of whom 7,800 were pre-war residents of the city, the rest were refugees from surrounding villages. Life in the ghetto was impossible and hundreds died. During WWII some 20,000 Jews were murdered in the ghetto in Rzeszów. This number includes thousands who were sent to Rzeszów only to be deported or murdered soon after arrival. Of 15,000 Rzeszów Jews, merely 100 survived the war; in Rzeszów itself, in hiding all over Poland, and in various camps. After the war an additional 600 Rzeszów Jews returned from the Soviet Unionmarker. Almost all of them subsequently left the city and the country.

In 2004, Rzeszów hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI).

Education

Universities:

Notable High Schools:

Transport

Transit

Rzeszów is located on the main West-East European E40 Highway, which goes from Calaismarker in Francemarker via Belgiummarker, across Germanymarker, Polandmarker, Ukrainemarker and onto Russiamarker and Kazakhstanmarker. Traffic is therefore high, but as the city has a ring road through its southern districts, transit does not have to pass through the city centre.Other Polish cities located by the E40 highway are Wrocławmarker, Opolemarker, Katowicemarker, Krakówmarker, Tarnówmarker, Dębicamarker, Ropczycemarker and Przemyślmarker.

In recent years, communication has been improved by modernisation of the roads within the city. SCATS traffic system has been implemented.

Highway A4 is planned to be built as a beltway of the city, running through the northern districts of Rzeszów.

Airport

Rzeszów-Jasionka Airportmarker (Port Lotniczy Rzeszów-Jasionka) is located in the village of Jasionka north of the city. Scheduled passenger services include flights to: Warsawmarker (WAWmarker), Dublinmarker, London (Stanstedmarker), Bristolmarker, UK, Birminghammarker, UK, New Yorkmarker (JFK Airportmarker, and Newark Liberty International Airportmarker).

Buses

The city operates 49 bus lines including night and airport buses. Rzeszów is also a gateway to Bieszczadymarker mountains, many buses heading for Sanokmarker.

Railways

Rzeszów is an important rail hub on the main West-East rail route from Silesia and Krakowmarker to the Polish eastern border and further on to Ukrainemarker. Its main railway station was established in the XIX century and apart from it, there are three additional stations in the city (Rzeszów Staroniwa, Rzeszów Zachodni and Rzeszów Zaleze). There are also two non-electrified lines stemming from Rzeszów - to Jasłomarker and to Tarnobrzegmarker.

Culture

Theaters

  • Theatre of Wanda Siemaszkowa (est. 1944)
  • Theatre Maska


Museums

  • Ethnographic Museum
  • Museum of the City of Rzeszów
  • Diocesan Museum


Other

  • Philharmonic Hall of Artur Malawski


Economy

Industry



At Widelkamarker substation, situated approximately 20 kilometres northnortheast of Rzeszów, the only 750 kV powerline in Poland, coming from Khelmitiskaja in Ukraine ends.

Tourist attractions



Sports



Notable people

As the largest city of the region Rzeszów has a diverse set of notable people associated with it. Hero of anti-Nazi and anti-Soviet resistance, Lukasz Cieplinski, singer Justyna Steczkowska, general Józef Zając, and leading theater director Jerzy Grotowski, among others, were born or lived in the city. Polish prime minister and commander-in-chief general Władysław Sikorski studied there, while pioneer of the oil industry, Ignacy Łukasiewicz, spent much of his life in Rzeszów.

Media

Radio

  • Radio Rzeszów
  • Radio Eska Rzeszów
  • Akademickie Radio Centrum
  • Katolickie Radio Via
  • Radio RES


Press

  • Gazeta Codzienna NOWINY
  • Super Nowości


Television

  • Polish Television (TVP) branch in Rzeszów
  • Rzeszów's cable television
  • Local television Vectra (old DAMI)
  • Municipal television Rzeszów


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Rzeszów is twinned with





References



External links




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