São Paulo Futebol Clube,
usually called São Paulo FC or just São
Paulo, is a traditional Brazilian football team from
Paulo, founded on January 25, 1930, and re-founded on
December 16, 1935. Their home stadium is Cícero Pompeu de
Toledo, better known as Morumbi.
in a white shirt with two horizontal stripes—one red and one black,
white shorts and socks. They are the third most popular football
club in Brazil, with over 17 million supporters.
São Paulo is the most successful club in Brazil, holding the most
national league and international titles of any Brazilian club.
They are the current Série A
won the past three-in-a-row and six overall (both are records).
They have also won the Campeonato
21 times. Internationally they are sixth overall with
the most international titles won by a club, tied with Juventus
at 11. Their international trophy
hall includes three World Club titles (two as Intercontinental Cup
one as FIFA Club World
), three Copa
, two Recopa
, one Copa Conmebol
one Supercopa Sudamericana
and one Copa Masters Conmebol
In the case of the Copa Libertadores, Recopa Sudamericana,
Intercontinental Cup, and FIFA Club World Championship, they are
either the most successful Brazilian club in those competitions or
tied as one.
1900 - 1934: From Paulistano to São Paulo da Floresta
In 1900, the Clube
was founded. After winning several
championships, due to the football professionalization, they
decided to end their activities in this sport, as did Associação
Atlética das Palmeiras
. Then, the players and the supporters of
both teams founded the São Paulo Futebol Clube on January 25, 1930.
São Paulo's stadium at that time was called Floresta
), so the team was known as
São Paulo da Floresta
. In this year, the team was runner-up
on the Paulista Championship
, and in 1931 São
Paulo won a championship for the first time. In 1933, São Paulo
played the first professional football match in Brazil: 5-1 against
Due to many mistakes made by the club's board, the team was deeply
in debt. So, they merged with Clube de Regatas Tietê
football department was closed on May 14, 1935.
1935 - 1939: The rebirth of São Paulo FC
Just after the merge with Tietê that buried São Paulo da Floresta,
the founders and re-founders created the Grêmio Tricolor, which
originated Clube Atlético São Paulo, on June 4, 1935, and, finally,
São Paulo Futebol Clube, founded on December 16 of the same
The first game was against Portuguesa
on January 25, 1936. The match was almost cancelled,
due to the city's anniversary. Porphyrio da Paz
, football director and
composer of the club's anthem, pleaded the Board of Education
Office and obtained the permission.
merge happened in 1938, this time with Estudantes Paulista,
With this new merge, they reached the second
place on 1938s Paulista
1940 - 1950: The Steam Roller
when the Pacaembu
stadium was inaugurated, a new era began in the São Paulo
São Paulo was the club which
better took advantage of the moment. In 1941, the club was again
Paulista Championship runner-up. In 1942, after paying 200 contos de réis
(with today is the equivalent
of R$ 162,000), São Paulo acquired Leônidas da Silva
, from Flamengo
, who was one of the
greatest players of that time. As it was already a major club, São
Paulo brought other great players, like the Argentinian António Sastre
, and the Brazilians
, José Carlos Bauer
, Zezé Procópio
and Teixeirinha. With them, the Tricolor
formed the famous team known as the Steam Roller
times Paulista champions in the 1940s (1943, 1945, 1946, 1948 and
this time, the club already had Canindé, used as a training field. This groundplot was
later sold to Portuguesa to
raise money to the Morumbi stadium construction.
1951 - 1957: The Drought
São Paulo was not very successful in the beginning of the 1950s.
São Paulo won the state championship in 1953.
São Paulo won again the state championship only in 1957.
time the club was helped by the experience of the Carioca player
Zizinho, who was 35 years old, and the
Hungarian manager Béla
Guttmann. From this moment upwards, with the uprising
of Pelé's Santos and the construction of Morumbi
stadium consuming all the efforts and resources, São Paulo
had their largest titleless period in its history.
1958 - 1969: Just the Stadium
club's planning was focused on the Estádio do
Morumbi construction, and for this reason, few players were
hired by the club, most of them inexpressive ones, but Roberto Dias and Jurandir were exceptions to this
During the twelve years after the 1957 Paulista
Championship title, the club did not win any important title. In
1960, Morumbi stadium was inaugurated, and named after the late
Cícero Pompeu de
, who was the club's chairman during most of the stadium
construction. One of the few happy moments during this period was
the 1963 Paulista Championship 4-1 victory against Pelé
1970 - 1975: The Glory Again
the Morumbi stadium construction was concluded, and players like
Gérson, of Botafogo, the Uruguayan midfielder Pedro Rocha, of
Peñarol; and the Santos'
goalscorer Toninho Guerreiro were
hired. The club, managed by Zezé Moreira, who was the 1954 FIFA World Cup Brazil national football team
manager, won the Paulista Championship one week before the end of
the competition, after beating Guarani 2-1 in Campinas.
In 1971, the club won again the state championship, and most of the
club's players were the same of the previous year. The club beat
1-0 in the
final. The goal was scored by Toninho Guerreiro. In the same season,
the club was the runner-up of the first Brazilian Championship
ever, staying only behind Atlético Mineiro, which was managed by Telê Santana.
In the following years, Pelé's Santos and Corinthians
São Paulo and Palmeiras dominated the football of São Paulo state.
In 1972, Palmeiras won the state championship title with only a
point of advantage over São Paulo. In 1973, Palmeiras won the
Brazilian Championship and São Paulo was the runner-up.
São Paulo disputed Libertadores Cup being
defeated in the final by Argentina's Independiente, after losing
in the final match replay.
In 1975, the club was managed by the former goalkeeper José Poy
, winning the Paulista Championship
after defeating Portuguesa
the penalty shootout.
1976 - 1979: Affirmation Times
Valdir Peres, Chicão and Serginho were the best
club players during the successful 1977 Brazilian Championship
campaign, won at Mineirão, against Atlético Mineiro in the penalty shootout.
The club did not
win any relevant title until 1980. Among the player who played for
the club during this period were Zé
and Serginho Chulapa
who is still the club's top goalscorer in history.
The 1980s: Tricolor Decade
In the 1980s São Paulo won an impressive amount of titles. The
club's central defenders were the talented Oscar
and Dario Pereyra
. Those players helped the club
win the Paulista Championship in 1980 and in 1981.
In 1985, the manager Cilinho
the world the Menudos of Morumbi
: Silas, Müller
and Sidney. In the same
year, the club won the Paulista Championship. The club's striker
, a centre forward who played in
the 1986 FIFA World Cup
then went on to join forces with Maradona and Giordano at Napoli,
the "MaGiCa" (magic) later Maradona would refer to Careca as the
best player he had ever played with. In the midfield there
was Falcão, who came from
Italy's AS Roma, nicknamed the
King of Rome.
In 1986, the manager Pepe
club to its second Brazilian Championship title, defeating Guarani
in the penalty shootout, a
final regarded to this day as one of the most exhilarating matches
in Brazilian Football History. In 1987, Dario Pereyra left the
club. In this year, the Menudos
team won its last title.
The Tricolor Decade
ended with the 1989 Paulista
Championship title and with the Brazilian Championship second
place, after losing to Vasco da Gama in the final.
1990 - 1995: The Telê Era
In 1990, the club, after a poor campaign, was relegated to the
Paulista Championship "yellow group" division, formed by the weaker
teams of the state. Telê Santana was hired as the club's coach. São
Paulo was the Brazilian Championship runner-up, behind his main
rival Corinthians. In the following year, the club won the Paulista
Championship and Corinthians was the runner-up.
In 1991, after being two times in a row Brazilian Championship
runner-up, São Paulo won its third competition title, after beating
Carlos Alberto Parreira
the São Paulo of Telê, Zetti and Raí qualified to the Libertadores Cup final,
against Newell's Old Boys of
Argentina. In the first leg, in Rosario, Newell's Old Boys won 1-0.
In the second
leg, São Paulo beat the other side 1-0, and won the competition in
the penalty shootout.
same year, in Tokyo the club won
its first Intercontinental
Cup, beating Johann Cruyff's
"Dream Team" FC Barcelona 2-1, after
reversing the score.
After returning to Brazil, the club
beat Palmeiras 2-1 and achieved its 18th state championship title
São Paulo won again the Libertadores Cup, after beating Universidad
Católica of Chile.
After the competition ended, Raí left the club. São Paulo won the
Intercontinental Cup again, in Tokyo, after beating Fabio Capello
's and "Gli Invicibili" AC Milan
3-2. Müller scored the winning goal in the
86th minute of the match from a Toninho Cerezo assist. The São
Paulo vs Milan clash has gone down in the annals of the game as one
of the most spectacular matches in history.
In 1994, the club again reached the Libertadores Cup final, this
time against Argentina's Vélez
, but it was defeated by the Argentine side in the
penalty shootout, at Morumbi stadium.
But by the end of this year, São Paulo won the Conmebol Cup
(its current equivalent is the
South American Cup
of Uruguay, one of the
most important clubs of the continent, in the final of the
1996 - 2004: Post-Telê Traumatic Shock?
In the beginning of 1996, due to health issues, Telê Santana left
São Paulo, ending the club's golden era. After him, between 1995
and 2004, 14 managers worked on the club without staying long.
Among the most notable titles during those 10 years were the 2000
Paulista Championship and the club's first Rio-São Paulo Tournament
2001. Rogério Ceni
, Julio Baptista
, Luís Fabiano
were the club's stars. The club's idol, Raí
briefly played for the club between 1998 and 2000, and with him,
the club won the Paulista Championship twice, in 1998 and 2000,
after beating Corinthians and Santos, respectively. In 2004 São
Paulo was back in Libertadores Cup after 10 years since its last
final against Vélez. The team reached the semifinals but it was
surprisingly eliminated by the underdogs Once Caldas, from
Colombia. In the end of that year Émerson Leão
was hired as the club's
coach, after the club's unsuccessful campaign in winning the
Libertadores Cup again.
In 2003, São Paulo FC made a deal with Santangelo Club Aficionado,
from the Spanish amateur league, and since then, the Spanish club
changed its name to São Paulo
2005: Once Again, the Best in the World
In 2005, with Leão as the club's manager, São Paulo easily won the
Paulista Championship. However, he soon left the club, and Paulo Autuori
, which was previously
the Peru national football
's manager, was hired to replace Leão. São Paulo won the
Libertadores Cup, beating another Brazilian team, Atlético Paranaense
, in the
final. Atlético had to play at a different site
because its own stadium, Kyocera Arena, has a maximum capacity below the minimum capacity
allowed by CONMEBOL in Libertadores Cup final matches.
leg, at Estádio
Beira-Rio in Porto
Alegre, ended in a 1-1 draw.
In the second leg, at
Estádio do Morumbi, São Paulo beat Atlético Paranaense 4-0. São
Paulo became the first Brazilian club to win three Libertadores Cup
In December, 2005, São Paulo played the FIFA Club World Championship
Japan. After beating Saudi Arabia's Al Ittihad 3-2, the
Brazilian team faced the giant Liverpool, from England, on the final match.
A 1-0 scoreline against
the "unbeatables" was enough to give São Paulo its third
Intercontinental title, in a memorable match by Rogerio Ceni
. The single goal was scored by
in the first half of
2006: A Good year
After the almost perfect 2005 season, São Paulo experienced some
changes. Paulo Autuori
the team to coach the Kashima
squad. Muricy Ramalho
signed, being the coach who led Internacional
to the runners-up
position in 2005 National Championship. In his first tournament as
manager Ramalho reached 2nd place in Paulista Championship, losing
the title to Santos
During that period, São Paulo began playing the 2006 Libertadores Cup
, reaching once
again the finals, but this time against another Brazilian team,
. They lost
the first match 1-2 and tied the second 2-2, which was not enough
to assure its fourth title.
After the end of the Libertadores Cup the squad focused only on the
National Championship. In the 12th round they grabbed the leading
position and kept it all the way 'till the end of the season,
celebrating their 4th Brazilian
trophy in the 36th round (of a total of 38) on
November 19, 2006 with a 1-1 tie against Atlético Paranaense
Paulo also broke some records, such as reaching 28 rounds leading
the National Championship in a row (the former record was 18
rounds). Also, they became the 1st team to become National
Champions in the league system with most victories, the best
offense and defense among all teams.
2007: Undisputed Best
Again after not showing good results in 2007 Libertadores Cup
, São Paulo won
the Brazilian Title for the second year in a row. Hence, becoming
the first team in Brazil to have officially won the national title
5 times. The team was 15 points ahead of the second place Santos Futebol Clube
2008: Six titles, three in a row
In the middle of the season, São Paulo was 11 points behind the
league leaders, Gremio
, and almost gave up
fighting for the title. But in the end, the team won the
championship for the third year in a row, becoming the first team
in Brazil to have won the national title six times. Manager Muricy
Ramalho was also the first manager in Brazilian soccer to win three
Brazilian titles in a row with the same team.
2009: The end of the Muricy era and the rise of "Jason"
After losing the semifinals of the Campeonato Paulista 2009 to
eventual champions Corinthians, manager Muricy Ramalho was being
under pressure from the beginning of the year, when the squad did
not perform well. The dissatisfaction from the board of directors
led to his being fired from the manager post, following a defeat in
the home leg of the 2009
to Cruzeiro. That was São Paulo FC's fourth
consecutive Copa Libertadores
elimination to a team from Brazil. Ricardo
took over the position from Ramalho.Then, São Paulo had a
hard time before recovering its breath to compete again against the
big dogs. The crowd and press brought again an old São Paulo
nickname: "Jason" (as per the fictional character Jason Voorhees
), because he never dies and
always returns stronger than ever. Just like the club, which
usually becomes strong when everyone thinks it gave up.
Colours and badge
When Paulistano and Palmeiras merged, their colors (red and white
for Paulistano and black and white for Palmeiras) were inherited by
São Paulo. Not only the colors match the ones in São Paulo's state
flag, it also represents the three main races that lived in Brazil
during that period: the native Americans (represented by the red),
the caucasians (represented by the white) and the Africans
(represented by the black).
The home uniform is a white shirt, with two horizontal stripes at
chest's level, the upper one being red and the lower one being
black, with the badge in the center of the chest. The shorts and
socks are all-white.
The away uniform consists in a red shirt with red, black and white
vertical stripes (the white stripes are narrow than the others),
black shorts and socks.
Estádio do Morumbi (Morumbi Stadium),
The badge, which was designed by Walter Ostrich in the early days
of São Paulo, consists in a shield with a black retangle in the
upper section with the initials SPFC in white. Below the rectangle
it shows a triangle with three colors: red, white and black). The
badge also shows five stars, two gold and three red ones. The gold
ones pay homage to Adhemar
Ferreira da Silva
's world and olympic records and the red ones
represents the world championships won by São Paulo.
São Paulo's stadium is officially named Estádio Cícero Pompeu
(Cicero Pompeu de Toledo Stadium), although most
people refer to it by its nickname Estádio do Morumbi
(Morumbi Stadium).It was inaugurated in 1960, with a maximum
sitting capacity of 80,000 people.
The club also owns two training grounds, one named Centro de
Treinamento Frederico Antônio Germano Menzen
Antônio Germano Menzen Training Center), and nicknamed Centro
de Treinamento (CT) da Barra Funda
(Barra Funda's Training
Center), which is used mostly by the professional team. The other
is the Centro de Formação de Atletas Presidente Laudo
(President Laudo Natel Athletes Formation Center),
nicknamed Centro de Treinamento (CT) de Cotia
Training Center), which is used by the youth teams.
As of August 19, 2009
Out on loan
Notable former players
FIFA Club World
- * Winners (1): 2005
- * Winners (2): 1992, 1993
- * Winners (3): 1992, 1993, 2005
- * Runners-up (3): 1974, 1994, 2006
- * Winners (1): 1994
- * Winners (2): 1993, 1994
- * Runners-up (1): 2006
- * Winners (1): 1993
- * Runners-up (1): 1997
- * Winners (1): 1996
Brasileiro Série A
Copa do Brasil
- * Winners (6): 1977, 1986, 1991, 2006, 2007, 2008
- * Runners-up (5): 1971, 1973, 1981, 1989, 1990
- * Runners-up (1): 2000
- * Runners-up (1): 2001
- * Winners (1): 2001
- * Runners-up (5): 1933, 1962, 1966, 1998,
- * Winners (21): 1931, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1948,
1949, 1953, 1957, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1989,
1991, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2005
- * Runners-up (19): 1938, 1941, 1944, 1950,
1952, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1963, 1967, 1972, 1978, 1982, 1983, 1994,
1996, 1997, 2003, 2006
- * Winners (1): 2002