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Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli, is an Italianmarker professional football club based in Naplesmarker and founded in 1926. The club has spent most of their history in Serie A, where they currently play for the 2009–10 season.

Napoli have won Serie A twice, in 1986–87 and 1989–90. They have also won Coppa Italia in their home country three times, and on the European stage have won the UEFA Cup in 1988–89. Napoli is also the most successful club in Southern Italy and the fourth most supported football club in Italy.

The club have had several names changes since first appearing in 1926; the most important of these was 1964, when they changed the name from Associazione Calcio Napoli to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli. The most recent change was in 2004, when the club went bankrupt but were refounded by film-producer Aurelio De Laurentiis as Napoli Soccer; he restored the name back to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in early 2006.

History

For more details on this topic, see History of S.S.C. Napoli
The first club was founded as Naples Foot-Ball & Cricket Club in 1904 by English sailor William Poths and his associate Hector M. Bayon. Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved, the latter of which was the club's first president. The original kit of the club comprised of a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts. The name of the club was shortened to Naples Foot-Ball Club in 1906.

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just Northern clubs, so Southern clubs competed against sailors or in cups such as Sir Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples and Palermo FBC, Naples won three finals. The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1912 to form Internazionale Napoli, in time for both club's debut in the Italian Championship of 1912–13. Though the sides had a keen rivalry in the Campania section, they were not as successful outside of it and a few years after World War I they merged as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale-Naples, also known as FBC Internaples.

Associazione Calcio Napoli

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 23 August 1926. After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship, Napoli was readmitted to Serie A's forerunner National Division by the Italian FA, and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayanmarker-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans. He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which still stands today.

Napoli entered the Serie A-era under the management of William Garbutt. During his six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table. This included two third-place finishes during the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons, with added notables such as Antonio Vojak, Arnaldo Sentimenti and Carlo Buscaglia. For the years leading up to World War II Napoli went into decline, surviving relegation in 1939–40 by goal average.

Napoli lost a closely-contested relegation battle at the end of 1942 and were relegated to Serie B. They moved from Stadio Giorgio Ascarellimarker to Stadio Arturo Collanamarker and stayed in Serie B until after the war. When play continued, Napoli earned the right to compete in Serie A, but were relegated after two seasons for a bribery scandal. The club bounced back to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s. Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolomarker in 1959. Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including a further relegation and promotion, Napoli had some cup success when they beat SPAL to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon. Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season.

Napoli on the rise: mid-'60s onwards

As the club changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli on 25 June 1964 they began to rise up again, gaining promotion in 1964–65. Under the management of former player Bruno Pesaola, they won the Coppa delle Alpi and were back amongst the elite in Serie A, with consistent top five finishes. Napoli came very close to winning the league in 1967–68, finishing just behind AC Milan in second place. Some of the most popular players from this period were Dino Zoff, José Altafini, Omar Sívori, and hometown midfielder Antonio Juliano. Juliano would eventually break the appearance records, which still stand today.

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–1971 and 1973–74. Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Cup competitions; in 1974–75 they reached the third round knocking out F.C. Porto 2–0 on the way. During the same season Napoli finished second in Serie A; just two points behind champions Juventus. Solid performances from locally born players such as Bruscolotti, Juliano and Esposito were relied upon during this period, coupled with goals from Giuseppe Savoldi.

After beating Southampton 4–1 on aggregate to lift the Anglo-Italian League Cup, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77 where they reached the semi-finals. The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76, knocking out AC Milan and Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Verona 4–0 in the final. In terms of the Italian league, Napoli were still very much a consistent top six side for much of the late 1970s. Even into the earliest two seasons of the 1980s, the club were performing respectably with a third place finish in 1980–81, however by 1983 they had slipped dramatically and were involved in relegation battles.

The Maradona era (1984-1991)

Napoli broke the world transfer record fee, turning to Diego Maradona with a $12 million deal from Barcelona on 30 June 1984. The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks. The rise up the tables was gradual, by 1985–86 they had a third place finish under their belts, but better was yet to come. The 1986–87 season was the landmark in Napoli's history; they won the double, securing the Serie A title by three points and then beating Atalanta 4–0 to lift the Coppa Italia.
Because a mainland Southern Italian team had never won the league before, this turned Diego Maradona into a cultural, social and borderline religious icon for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football.

The club were unsuccessful in the European Cup in the following season and finished runners-up in Serie A. However, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup for 1988–89 and won their first major European title. Juventus and Bayern Munich were defeated on the way to the final, where Napoli beat VfB Stuttgart 5–4 on aggregate, with two goals from Careca and one each from Maradona, Ferrara and Alemão.

Napoli added their second Serie A title in 1989–90, beating AC Milan by two points in the title race. However, this was surrounded by less auspicious circumstances as Napoli were awarded two points for a game, when in Bergamomarker an Atalanta fan threw a 100 lira coin at Alemão's head. A controversial set of events set off at the 1990 World Cup, when Maradona made comments pertaining to North-South inequality in the country and the risorgimento, asking Neapolitans to root for Argentina in the semi-finals against Italy in Naples.

Napoli ultras responded by displaying a banner in their curva that read: "Maradona, Naples loves you, but Italy is our homeland". It was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine national anthem wasn't jeered, Maradona bowed to the Napoli fans at the end and his country went on to reach the final. However, after the final the Italian Football Federation forced Maradona to take a doping test, which he failed testing positive for cocaine; Napoli and he claimed it was a revenge plot for events at the World Cup. Maradona was banned for 15 months and would never play for the club again. The club still managed to win the Supercoppa Italiana that year, with a record 5–1 victory against Juventus, but it would be their last major trophy. In the European Cup however, they went out in the second round.

Decline and rebirth

Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 season, Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca and Careca had all departed by 1994. Though Napoli did manage to qualify for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97 Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia final, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza. Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 when they recorded only two wins all season.

The club returned to Serie A after gaining promotion in the 1999–00 season, though after a closely contested relegation battle they were relegated back down. They failed to gain promotion following this and slipped further down. By August 2004, Napoli was declared bankrupt with debts estimated up to €70 million To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis refounded the club under the name Napoli Soccer, as they were not allowed to use their old name. FIGC placed Napoli in Serie C1, where they missed out on promotion after losing a play-off 2–1 to local rivals Avellino.

Despite the fact that Napoli were playing in such a low division, they retained higher average attendances than most of the Serie A clubs, breaking the Serie C attendance record with 51,000 at one game. The following season, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis bought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006. After just one season back in Serie B, they were promoted on the final day, along with fellow sleeping giants Genoa. Napoli finished the season placed 8th in the Serie A , enough to secure a place in the Intertoto Cup third round. Napoli also defeated five major teams in the same year: Milan, Inter, Juventus, Fiorentina and Udinese.

The 2008–09 season saw Napoli qualifying to the UEFA Cup via Intertoto, but were eliminated in the first round by Portuguese team Benfica. At the domestic level, Napoli made a very impressive start, proposing as one of the main candidates for a UEFA Champions League spot; however, results and performances quickly declined in mid-season, causing Napoli to fall down to 11th place in the league table, and leading to the dismissal of head coach Edy Reja in March 2009, with Roberto Donadoni being appointed as his replacement.

After a 2-1 loss to Roma in October 2009 Donadoni was relieved of his duties and replaced by former Sampdoria manager, Walter Mazzarri.

Current squad

Out on loan

Retired numbers



Notable players

Presidents

Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day.
 
Name Years
Giorgio Ascarelli 1926–1927
Gustavo Zinzaro 1927–1928
Giovanni Maresca 1928–1929
Giorgio Ascarelli 1929–1930
Giovanni Maresca

Eugenio Coppola
1930–1932
Vincenzo Savarese 1932–1936
Achille Lauro 1936–1940
Gaetano Del Pezzo 1940
Tommaso Leonetti 1940–1941
Luigi Piscitelli 1941–1943
Annibale Fienga 1943–1945
Vincenzo Savarese 1945–1946
 
Name Years
Pasquale Russo 1946–1948
Egidio Musollino 1948–1951
Alfonso Cuomo 1951–1952
Achille Lauro 1952–1954
Alfonso Cuomo 1954–1963
Luigi Scuotto 1963–1964
Roberto Fiore 1964–1967
Gioacchino Lauro 1967–1968
Antonio Corcione 1968–1969
Corrado Ferlaino 1969–1971
Ettore Sacchi 1971–1972
Corrado Ferlaino 1972–1983
Marino Brancaccio 1983
 
Name Years
Corrado Ferlaino 1983–1993
Ellenio F. Gallo 1993–1995
Vincenzo Schiano di Colella

(honorary president)
1995–1996
Gian Marco Innocenti

(honorary president)
1997–1998
Federico Scalingi

(honorary president)
1999–2000
Giorgio Corbelli 2000
Salvatore Naldi 2002–2004
Aurelio De Laurentiis 2004–present


Managers

Napoli have had many managers and trainers, some seasons they have had co-managers running the team. Here is a chronological list of them from 1926 onwards:
 
Name Nationality Years
Antonio Kreutzer 1926–1927
Bino Skasa 1927
Technical Commission

Rolf Steiger

Giovanni Terrile

Ferenc Molnar






1927–1928
Otto Fischer 1928–1929
William Garbutt 1929–1935
Károly Csapkay 1935–1936
Angelo Mattea 1936–1938
Eugen Payer 1938
Paolo Jodice 1938–1939
Adolfo Baloncieri 1939–1940
Antonio Vojak 1940–1943
Giuseppe Innocenti 1943
Raffaele Sansone 1945–1946
Attila Sallustro

Giovanni Vecchina


1947–1948
Arnaldo Sentimenti 1948
Felice Placido Borel

Paolo Jodice


1948–1949
Domenico Mattioli

Luigi de Manes


1949
Vittorio Mosele 1949
Eraldo Monzeglio 1949–1956
Amedeo Amadei 1956–1959
Annibale Frossi 1959
Amedeo Amadei 1959–1961
Amedeo Amadei

Renato Cesarini


1961
Attila Sallustro 1961
Fioravante Baldi 1961–1962
Bruno Pesaola 1962
Bruno Pesaola

Eraldo Monzeglio


1962–1963
Roberto Lerici 1963–1964
Giovanni Molino 1964
Bruno Pesaola 1964–1968
Giuseppe Chiappella 1968–1969
Egidio di Costanzo 1969
Giuseppe Chiappella 1969–1973
Luis Vinicio 1973–1976
Alberto del Frati 1976
 
Name Nationality Years
Bruno Pesaola 1976–77
Rosario Rivellino 1977
Giovanni di Marzio 1977–78
Luis Vinicio 1978–80
Angelo Sormani 1980
Rino Marchesi 1980–1982
Massimo Giacomini 1982
Bruno Pesaola 1982–1983
Pietro Santi 1983–1984
Rino Marchesi 1984–1985
Ottavio Bianchi 1985–1989
Alberto Bigon 1989–1991
Claudio Ranieri 1991–1993
Ottavio Bianchi 1993
Marcello Lippi 1993–1994
Vincenzo Guerini 1994
Vujadin Boškov

Jarbas Faustinho Cané


1994–1995
Vujadin Boškov

Aldo Sensibile


1995–1996
Luigi Simoni 1996–1997
Vincenzo Montefusco 1997
Bortolo Mutti 1997
Carlo Mazzone 1997
Giovanni Galeone 1997–1998
Vincenzo Montefusco 1998
Renzo Ulivieri 1998–1999
Vincenzo Montefusco 1999
Walter Novellino 1999–2000
Zdeněk Zeman 2000
Emiliano Mondonico 2000–2001
Luigi De Canio 2001–2002
Franco Colomba 2002
Sergio Buso 2002
Francesco Scoglio 2002–2003
Franco Colomba 2003
Andrea Agostinelli 2003
Luigi Simoni 2003–2004
Giampiero Ventura 2004
Edoardo Reja 2005–2009
Roberto Donadoni 2009
Walter Mazzarri 2009–present


Statistics and records

Antonio Juliano holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 502 over the course of 16 years from 1962 until 1978. Juliano also holds the record for league appearances with 394. The all-time leading goalscorer for Napoli is Attila Sallustro, with 118 league goals scored. In Serie A the only Napoli player to finish the season as the league's topscorer, known in Italy as the capocannoniere, is Diego Maradona in the 1987–88 season with 15 goals.

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Pro Patria, in the 1955–56 season of Serie A. Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the 1927–28 season when eventual champions Torino beat them 11–0.

Below are appearance and goalscoring records pertaining to Napoli players in the Italian leagues.

Name Nationality Appearances
1 Antonio Juliano 394
2 Giuseppe Bruscolotti 387
3 Moreno Ferrario 310
4 Attila Sallustro 273
Bruno Gramaglia 273
6 Carlo Buscaglia 259
7 Ottavio Bugatti 256
8 Ciro Ferrara 247
9 Bruno Pesaola 240
10 Arnaldo Sentimenti 227


Name Nationality Goals
1 Attila Sallustro 118
2 Antonio Vojak 102
3 Diego Maradona 81
4 Careca 73
5 José Altafini 71
6 Luís Vinício 69
7 Canè 56
8 Giuseppe Savoldi 52
9 Hasse Jeppson 52
10 Amedeo Amadei 47


Colours, badge and nicknames

As Naples is a coastal city, the colours of the club have always been derived from the blue waters of the Gulf of Naplesmarker. Originally while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue. Since the 1920s however, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure; as thus they share the nickname azzurri with the Italian national side.

An AC Napoli period club logo.
One of the nicknames of Napoli is I ciucciarelli which means "the little donkeys", they were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the 1926–27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse, the club however adopted the donkey as a mascot called O Ciuccio, displaying it with pride.

The club badge Napoli are most famous for is a large N placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to Internazionale Napoli, who used a similar design on their shirts. Since the club officially adopted the N badge as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not. The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the N is white, although it has occasionally been gold.

Partenopei is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general. It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenópē tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Caprimarker. In the story Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren; as a result Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples.

Sponsors and manufacturers

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1978–1980 Puma None
1981–1982 Snaidero
1981–1981 NR
1982–1983 Cirio
1983–1984 Latte Berna
1984–1985 Linea Time Cirio
1985–1988 NR Buitoni
1985–1991 Mars
1991–1994 Umbro Voiello
1994–1996 Lotto Record Cucine
1996–1997 Centrale del Latte di Napoli
1997–1999 Nikemarker Polenghi
1999-2000 Nikemarker Peroni
2000–2003 Diadora Peroni
2003–2004 Legea Russo Cicciano
2004–2006 Kappa Manuale d'amore / Sky Captain / Crash - Contatto fisico / Christmas in Love / Mandi
2005–2006 Lete
2006–2009 Diadora
2009-present Macron


Supporters and rivalries

Napoli is the fourth most supported football club in Italy with around 8% of Italian football fans supporting the club. Like other top clubs in the country, Napoli's fanbase goes beyond the Italian border; it has been estimated by the club that there are around 5 to 6 million fans worldwide.

Napoli have several rivalries, the most significant of which is with Roma. In terms of location Napoli and Roma are quite close, together they compete in the Derby del Sole ("Derby of the Sun"), a rivalry which was at its peak in the 1980s. There are also strong rivalries with Lazio and Hellas Verona, as well as local Campanian ones with Salernitana and Avellino.

Conversely, the fans of Napoli have a long standing friendship with Genoa which goes back to 1982. On the last day of the 2006–07 season, the clubs drew 0–0 ensuring both were promoted back into Serie A; Genoa ultras could be seen holding up banners saying "Benvenuto fratello napoletano", meaning "Welcome, Neapolitan brother".

Honours

National titles

Serie A: 2
*Champions: 1986–87; 1989–90
*Runners–up: 1967–68; 1974–75; 1987–88; 1988–89


Serie B: 1
*Champions: 1949–50
*Runners–up: 1961–62; 1964–65; 1999–00; 2006–07


Serie C1: 1
*Southern Champions: 2005–06


Coppa Italia: 3
*Winners: 1961–62; 1975–76; 1986–87
*Runners–up: 1971–72; 1977–78; 1988–89; 1996–97


Supercoppa Italiana: 1
*Winners: 1990–91


European titles

UEFA Cup: 1
*Winners: 1988–89


Coppa delle Alpi: 1
*Winners: 1966


Anglo-Italian League Cup: 1
*Winners: 1976


References

External links




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