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Società Sportiva Lazio, ( ) commonly referred to as simply Lazio, is a professional Italian football club based in Romemarker. The team, founded in 1900, play in the Serie A and have spent most of their history in the top tier of Italian football. Lazio have been Italian champions twice, and have won the Coppa Italia five times, the Supercoppa Italiana three times, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and the UEFA Super Cup once.

The club had their first major success in 1958, winning the league cup. In 1974 they won their first Serie A title. The past fifteen years have been the most successful period in Lazio’s history, capped by winning UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Super Cup in 1999, the Serie A title in 2000, several league cups and reaching their first UEFA Cup final in 1998.

Lazio's traditional kit colours are sky blue shirts and shorts with white socks. Their home is the 72,689 capacity Stadio Olimpicomarker in Rome, which they share with city rivals A.S. Roma.Lazio have a long-standing rivalry with this neighbouring club, with whom they have contested the Derby della Capitale since 1929.

Lazio is also a sports club that participate in thirty-seven sports disciplines in total, more than any other sports association in Europe.

History

Plaque commemorating the foundation of Lazio at Piazza della Libertà (Roma, Prati).
Società Podistica Lazio was founded on January 9, 1900 in the Pratimarker district of Rome. Lazio, that was the first football team of Rome, joined league competition in 1912 as soon as the Italian Football Federation began organizing championships in the center and south of Italy, and reached the final of the national championship playoff three times, but never won, losing in 1913 to Pro Vercelli, in 1914 to Casale and in 1923 to Genoa 1893.

In 1927 Lazio was the only major Roman club which resisted the Fascist regime's attempts to merge all the city's teams into what would become A.S. Roma the same year.



The club played in the first organized Serie A in 1929 and, led by legendary Italian striker Silvio Piola, achieved a second place finish in 1937 — its highest pre-war result.

The 1950s produced a mix of mid and upper table results with an Italian Cup win in 1958. Lazio was relegated for the first time in 1961 to the Serie B, but returned in the top flight two years later. After a number of mid-table placements, another relegation followed in 1970–71. Back to Serie A in 1972–73, Lazio immediately emerged as surprise challengers for the Scudetto to Milan and Juventus in 1972–1973, only losing out on the final day of the season, with a team comprising captain Giuseppe Wilson, as well as midfielders Luciano Re Cecconi and Mario Frustalupi, striker Giorgio Chinaglia, and head coach Tommaso Maestrelli. Lazio improved such successes the following season, ensuring its first title in 1973–74. However, tragic deaths of Luciano Re Cecconi and scudetto trainer Tommaso Maestrelli, as well as the departure of Chinaglia, would be a triple blow for Lazio. The emergence of Bruno Giordano during this period provided some relief as he finished League top scorer in 1979, when Lazio finished 8th.

Lazio were forcibly relegated to Serie B in 1980 due to a remarkable scandal concerning illegal bets on their own matches, along with AC Milan. They remained in Italy's second division for three seasons in what would mark the darkest period in Lazio's history. They would return in 1983 and manage a last-day escape from relegation the following season. 1984–85 would prove harrowing, with a pitiful 15 points and bottom place finish.

In 1986, Lazio was hit with a 9-point deduction (a true deathblow back in the day of the two-point win) for a betting scandal involving player Claudio Vinazzini. An epic struggle against relegation followed the same season in Serie B, with the club led by trainer Eugenio Fascetti only avoiding relegation to the Serie C after play-off wins over Taranto and Campobasso. This would prove a turning point in the club's history, with Lazio returning to Serie A in 1988 and, under the careful financial management of Gianmarco Calleri, the consolidation of the club's position as a solid top-flight club.

The arrival of Sergio Cragnotti, in 1992, changed the club's history due to his long-term investments in new players to make the team a scudetto competitor. Cragnotti repeatedly broke transfer records in pursuit of players who were considered major stars - Juan Sebastian Veron for £18million, Christian Vieri for £19million and breaking the world transfer record, albeit only for a matter of weeks, to sign Hernan Crespo from Parma for £35million.



Lazio were Serie A runners-up in 1995, third in 1996, and fourth in 1997, then losing the championship just by one point to Milan on the last championship's match in 1999 before, with the likes of Siniša Mihajlović, Alessandro Nesta, Marcelo Salas and Pavel Nedvěd in the side, finally winning its second scudetto in 2000, as well as the Italian Cup in an impressive and rare (by Italian standards) "double" with Sven-Göran Eriksson (1997–2001) as manager.



Lazio also had two more Coppa Italia triumphs in recent years, in 1998 and 2004, as well as the last ever UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1999. They also reached the UEFA Cup final in 1998, but lost 0–3 against Internazionale.

In addition, Lazio won the Italian Super Cup twice and defeated Manchester United in 1999 to win the European Super Cup.

In 2000, Lazio became also the first Italian football club to be quoted on the Italian Piazza Affari stock market.

However, with money running out, Lazio's results slowly worsened in the years; in 2002, a financial scandal involving Cragnotti and his food products multinational Cirio forced him to leave the club, and Lazio was controlled until 2004 by caretaker financial managers and a bank pool. This forced the club to sell their star players and even then-one man club and captain Alessandro Nesta. In 2004 entrepreneur Claudio Lotito acquired the majority of the club.

In 2006, the club qualified to the 2006–07 UEFA Cup under coach Delio Rossi. The club was however excluded from European competitions due to their involvement in match-fixing scandal.

In 2006–2007, despite a later-reduced points deduction, Lazio achieved a third place finish, thus getting qualified to the UEFA Champions League qualifying round, where they defeated Dinamo Bucharest to get into the group phase, ended in fourth place in a round composed of Real Madrid, Werder Bremen and Olympiacos. Things in the league did not go much better with the team spending most of the season in the bottom half of the table, sparking the protests of the fans, and eventually ending the Serie A season in 12th place. But the next season the club won their fifth Coppa Italia, beating Sampdoria in the final.

Lazio started the 2009-10 season playing the Supercoppa against Inter in Beijing, and winning the match 2-1 by the scores of Matuzalem and Rocchi.

Colours, badge and nicknames

The old badge, used until the end of the 1992-1993 season.


Lazio's colours of white and sky blue were inspired by the national emblem of Greece, due to the fact that Lazio is a mixed sports club this was chosen in recognition of the fact that the Ancient Olympic Games and along with it the sporting tradition in Europe is linked to Greecemarker.

Originally Lazio wore a shirt which was divided into white and sky blue quarters, with black shorts and socks. After a while of wearing a plain white shirt very early on, Lazio reverted to the colours which they wear today. Some seasons Lazio have used a sky blue and white shirt with stripes, but usually it is sky blue with a white trim, with the white shorts and socks. The club's colours have led to their Italian nickname of biancocelesti.

Lazio's traditional club badge and symbol is the eagle, which was chosen by founding member Luigi Bigiarelli. It is an acknowledgment to the emblem of the Roman Empire's army commonly known as the Aquila; the Roman legion carried the symbol with them when going in to battle. Lazio's use of the symbol has led to two of their nicknames; le Aquile (the Eagles) and Aquilotti (Young Eagles). The current club badge features a golden eagle above a white shield with a blue border; inside the shield is the club's name and a smaller tripartite shield with the colours of the club.

Stadium



Stadio Olimpico, located on the Foro Italicomarker, is the major stadium of Romemarker, Italymarker. It is the home of the Italian national football team, as well as of both local teams S.S. Lazio and A.S. Roma. It was opened in 1937 and after its latest renovation in 2008, the stadium has a capacity of 72,689 seats. It was the site of the 1960 Summer Olympics, but has also served as the location of the 1987 World Athletics Championships, the 1980 European Championship final, the 1990 FIFA World Cup and the UEFA Champions League Final in 1996 and 2009.

Also on the Foro Italico lies the Stadio dei Marmi, or "marble stadium", which was built in 1932 and designed by Enrico Del Debbio. It has tiers topped by 60 white marble statues that were gifts from Italian cities in commemoration of 60 athletes.

During the 1989–90 season S.S. Lazio and A.S. Roma played their games at the Stadio Flaminio of Rome, located in the district Flaminio, because of the renovation works carried out at the Stadio Olimpicomarker.

Supporters and rivalries



Lazio is the sixth most supported football club in Italy with around 2% of Italian football fans supporting the club (according to the la Repubblica’s research of August 2008).Historically the largest section of Lazio supporters in the city of Rome has come from the northern section just above the Vatican Citymarker, creating an arch like shape across Rome with affluent areas such as; Pariolimarker, Pratimarker, Flaminio, Salario, Nomentano, Cassia and Monte Mariomarker.

Founded in 1987 Irriducibili Lazio are currently the club's biggest ultras group. In terms of match day displays Lazio ultras opt for a traditionally English style and embrace elements of lad culture. Usually the only time they create traditional Italian ultras displays is for the Derby della Capitale.

The Derby della Capitale, known in English speaking countries as the Rome derby is a match between Lazio and their main rivals Roma; it is amongst the most heated and emotional footballing rivalries in the world. A Lazio fan, Vincenzo Paparelli was killed at one of the derby games during the 1979–80 season after being hit in the eye by a flare thrown by a Roma fan. Lazio also have a strong rivalry with Napoli and Livorno. Conversely the ultras have friendly relationships with Inter, Triestina and Hellas Verona. They also have friendships with clubs elsewhere in Europe, including Real Madrid, Espanyol and Chelsea.

Statistics and records



Giuseppe Favalli holds Lazio's official appearance record, having made 401 over the course of 16 years from 1992 until 2004. The record for a goalkeeper is held by Luca Marchegiani, with 229 appearances, while the record for league appearances is held by Aldo Puccinelli with 339.

The all-time leading goalscorer for Lazio is Silvio Piola, with 148 goals scored. Piola, who played also with Pro Vercelli, Torino, Juventus and Novara, is also the highest goalscorer in Serie A history, with 274 goals, 49 ahead of anyone else. Simone Inzaghi (still in activity) is the all-time top goalscorer in the European Competitions, with 20 goals. He is also one of the five players who scored four goals in a single UEFA Champions League match. Tommaso Rocchi is the top scorer currently at the club.

Officially, Lazio's highest home attendance is approximately 80,000 for a Serie A match against Reggina on 14 May 1999, the match that awared to Lazio the second Scudetto. This is also the record for the Stadio Olimpico, including A.S. Roma and Italy national football team's matches.

Name Nationality Appearances
1 Giuseppe Favalli 401
2 Giuseppe Wilson 394
3 Paolo Negro 376
4 Aldo Puccinelli 342
5 Luca Marchegiani 339
6 Vincenzo D'Amico 336
7 Idilio Cei 288
8 Enrique Flamini 282
9 Renzo Garlaschelli 276
10 Romolo Alzani 263
11 Alessandro Nesta 263


Name Nationality Goals
1 Silvio Piola 148
2 Giuseppe Signori 127
3 Giorgio Chinaglia 123
4 Bruno Giordano 110
5 Tommaso Rocchi 87
6 Aldo Puccinelli 77
7 Goran Pandev 64
8 Renzo Garlaschelli 56
9 Simone Inzaghi 54
10 Juan Carlos Morrone 53
11 Vincenzo D'Amico 51


Players

Current squad

For recent transfers, see: S.S. Lazio 2009–10 transfers.


Out on loan

Retired numbers

12 – Curva Nord of Stadio Olimpicomarker, as a sign of recognition towards the Curva Nord, considered the 12th man in the field.

Notable players

Current coaching staff

As of 12 October 2009.


Position Name
Manager Davide Ballardini
Technical area coordinator Igli Tare
Assistant Coach Carlo Regno
Technical assistant Stefano Melandri
Technical assistant Andrea Rinaldi
Goalkeeping Coach Adalberto Grigioni
Physical fitness Coach Adriano Bianchini
Head of health staff Roberto Bianchini
Orthopaedic specialist Stefano Lovati
Nutritionist specialist Roberto Verna
Director for Referees Stefano De Martino
Team manager Maurizio Manzini


Notable managers

The following managers have all won at least one trophy when in charge of Lazio:
Name Period Trophies
Fulvio Bernardini 1958–1960 Coppa Italia
Juan Carlos Lorenzo 1968–1971 Serie B
Tommaso Maestrelli 1971–1975 Serie A
Sven-Göran Eriksson 1997–2001 2 Coppa Italia, 2 Supercoppa Italiana, Serie A, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, UEFA Super Cup
Roberto Mancini 2002–2004 Coppa Italia
Delio Rossi 2005–2009 Coppa Italia
Davide Ballardini 2009– Supercoppa Italiana


Honours

National titles

Champions (2): 1973–74; 1999–00
Runners-up (3): 1936–37; 1994–95; 1998–99


Winners (5): 1958; 1997–98; 1999–00; 2003–04; 2008–09
Runners-up (1): 1960–61


Winners (3): 1998; 2000; 2009
Runners-up (1): 2004


Champions (1): 1968-69
Runners-up (3): 1962-63; 1971-72; 1982-83
Promoted (2): 1926-27; 1987-88


European titles

Winners: 1998–99


Winners: 1999


Runners-up: 1997–98


Youth team titles

Trofeo Giacinto Facchetti: 4
*Champions: 1975–76; 1986–87; 1994–95; 2000–01


Coppa Italia Primavera: 1
*Winners: 1978–79


Società Sportiva Lazio as a company

In 1998, during Sergio Cragnotti's period in charge, Società Sportiva Lazio became a joint stock company: Lazio were the first Italian club to do so. Currently, the Lazio shares are distributed between Claudio Lotito, who holds 61.312%, and other shareholders who own the remaining 38.688%. Along with Juventus and Roma, Lazio is one of only three Italian clubs listed on the Borsa Italiana (Italian stock exchange). Unlike the other two Italian clubs on the stock exchange there is only one significantly large share holder in Lazio.According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the 2004–05 season Lazio was the twentieth highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €83 million.

Sponsors and kit providers

Years Sponsors
1981–1982 Tonini
1982–1984 Seleco
1984–1986 Castor
1986–1991 Cassa di Risparmio di Roma
1991–1992 Banco di Santo Spirito
1992-1996 Banca di Roma
1996–2000 Cirio
1998–1998 Del Monte (UEFA Cup Winners' Cup)
2000–2003 Siemens
2003-2005 Parmacotto
2003-2004 Indesit (Coppa Italia)
2005–2007 INA Assitalia (Insurance)
2007–2008 So.Spe.

Edileuropa
2008-2009 PES 2009

Groupama (Insurance)

Cucciolone Algidamarker
2009 Regione Lazio (Italian Super Cup)

Edileuropa

Paideia clinic
Years Kit providers
1963–1964 Lacoste
1972–1976 Tuttosport
1977–1979 Ennerre
1979–1980 Pouchain
1980–1982 Adidas
1982–1986 Ennerre
1986–1987 Tuttosport
1987–1989 Kappa
1989–1998 Umbro
1998–present Puma


Footnotes

References



External links




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